Forecast of Lotteries & Organized Gambling in China, Including Trends and Forecast Market for Lottery Ticket Sales up to 2007

However, there are indications that it may soon move on this issue. 6, 2005–Research and Markets ( has announced the addition of Lotteries Gambling in China to their offering.

As yet the Chinese government has made no firm commitments to open up the market for additional lotteries or other forms of organized gambling.

– 7 SWOT Analysis

This newly updated report covers:

– Profiles of leading lotteries organized gambling companies in China;

– Data on the major lotteries currently in operation throughout the country, their governing bodies and provincial organizing committees;

– Stdm: Company Background

– Hong Kong Jockey Club: Company Details

– 2 China’s Lottery Market

– Overview of China’s demographics and macroeconomics.

– Hong Kong Jockey Club: Betting Facilities Operation

– Stdm: Recent Developments

– Forecast of lotteries organized gambling in China, including trends and forecast market for lottery ticket sales up to 2007;

– Statistical data on the casino market, including casino revenues, throughout Asia;

– Hong Kong Jockey Club: Company Background

Contents Include:

– 3 Asia’s Casino Market

– 6 Consumer Profile

For more information visit

Key Report Features

– 9 Contacts

– 10 Relevant Trade Fairs Exhibitions

– 4 Current Issues

– Hong Kong Jockey Club

– 8 Company Profiles

– 5 Regional Initiatives

– 1 Introduction

– Stdm: Company Details

– Related issues in lotteries organized gambling market in China;

– Statistical analysis of China’s lottery market size and ticket sales, including by type of lottery and by major city, up to 2004;

– Sociedade De Turismo E Diversoes De Macau (Stdm)

– Stdm: Future Strategy

DUBLIN, Ireland–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Oct. This report covers the emerging market for lotteries in mainland China and looks at the more organized gambling industry in Macau and sports betting (primarily on horses) in Hong Kong.

– Key contacts trade events;

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Page 22: Third Presidential Debate: Full Transcript

It means our goods aren’t as competitive and we lose jobs. Now that’s estimated to create 800,000 jobs, the problem is they won’t be here, they’ll be in places like China.

We absolutely have to make more progress and that’s why we’re going to keep on pressing.

We have enormous trade imbalance with China, and it’s worse this year than last year, and it’s worse last year than the year before. It’s not government investments that makes businesses grow and hire people.

And when it comes to our military and Chinese security, part of the reason that we were able to pivot to the Asia-Pacific region after having ended the war in Iraq and transitioning out of Afghanistan, is precisely because this is going to be a massive growth area in the future.

That’s the kind of leadership we’ve shown in the region. It’s not my term, it’s the president’s own secretary of defense called these trillion dollars of cuts to our military devastating. And there’s one going on right now, which we don’t know about it. They don’t want to see protectionism. And then we noticed that there was more than one with that same serial number. They’re stealing our intellectual property, our patents, our designs, our technology, hacking into our computers, counterfeiting our goods.

SCHIEFFER: All right.

If we had taken your advice Governor Romney about our auto industry, we’d be buying cars from China instead of selling cars to China.

We’ll also make sure that we have trade relations with China that work for us. auto industry. And, unfortunately, Governor Romney’s budget and his proposals would not allow us to make those investments.. It was President Bush that wrote the first checks. And they’re winning.

Now, they look at us and say, Is it a good idea to be with America? How strong are we going to be? How strong is our economy? They look at the fact that we owe ‘em a trillion dollars and owe other people $16 trillion in total, including that.

I want a great relationship with China. They don’t want to see the world break out into — into various forms of chaos, because they have to — they have to manufacture goods and put people to work and they have about 20,000 — 20 million, rather, people coming out of the farms every year coming into the cities, needing jobs.

If we take your advice with respect to how we change our tax codes so that companies that earn profits overseas don’t pay U.S. But I’ve made a different bet on American workers.

They have to understand we want to trade with them. taxes compared to companies here that are paying taxes. I mean that’s how our free market works. exporters since 1993.


OBAMA: In fact, just recently steelworkers in Ohio and throughout the Midwest — Pennsylvania — are in a position now to sell steel to China because we won that case. I disagree with that. company, the same packaging, these were being sold into our market and around the world as if they were made by the U.S. They don’t want war. They feel as if they had finally an administration who was going to take this issue seriously.

Let me also note that the greatest threat that the world faces, the greatest national security threat is a nuclear Iran.

And fortunately…

They look at America’s commitments around the world and they see what’s happening, and they say, well, OK. But this can’t keep on going. I have to say that Governor Romney criticized me for being too tough in that tire case; said this wouldn’t be good for American workers and that it would be protectionist.

ROMNEY: They look at our — our decision to — to cut back on our military capabilities. I’ve watched year in and year out as companies have shut down and people have lost their jobs because China has not played by the same rules, in part by holding down artificially the value of their currency. I like American cars. And we put a stop to it and as a consequence saved jobs throughout America. China has an interest that’s very much like ours in one respect, and that is they want a stable world. It holds down the prices of their goods. That’s why on day one, i will label them a currency manipulator, which allows us to apply tariffs where they’re taking jobs. My dad was head of a car company. And I would do nothing to hurt the U.S. My plan to get the industry on its feet when it was in real trouble was not to start writing checks. Is America going to be strong? And the answer is, yes, if I’m president, America will be very strong.

And, you know, that’s — you’re right. ROMNEY: I just want to take one of those points, again, attacking me as not talking about an agenda for — for getting more trade and opening up more jobs in this country. And we’re organizing trade relations with countries other than China so that China starts feeling more pressure about meeting basic international standards.

But I tell you, those workers don’t feel that way. We understand it. We like free enterprise, but you got to play by the rules.

Let’s talk about China. A trillion dollars. It’s not my term, it’s the president’s own Secretary of Defense, called them devastating.


They’re making some progress; they need to make more. We can work with them, we can collaborate with them, if they’re willing to be responsible.

SCHIEFFER: Well, Governor, let me just ask you. The secretary of defense called these trillion dollars of cuts to our military devastating. And so we can be a partner with China. exports have doubled since I came into office, to China and actually currencies are at their most advantageous point for U.S. Nothing could be further from the truth.

And we believe China can be a partner, but we’re also sending a very clear signal that America is a Pacific power; that we are going to have a presence there. But the president mentioned the auto industry and that somehow I would be in favor of jobs being elsewhere. I said they need — these companies need to go through a managed bankruptcy. They were counterfeit products being made overseas with the same serial number as a U.S. That’s the kind of leadership that we’ll continue to show.

So they want the economy to work and the world to be free and open. That’s the reason why we have brought more cases against China for violating trade rules than the other — the previous administration had done in two terms. We have to say to our friend in China, look, you guys are playing aggressively. This can’t go on.

I’m a son of Detroit. I was born in Detroit. It’s a silent one. We want a world that’s stable. You can’t keep on holding down the value of your currency, stealing our intellectual property, counterfeiting our products, selling them around the world, even to the United States.

OBAMA: Well, Governor Romney’s right, you are familiar with jobs being shipped overseas because you invested in companies that were shipping jobs overseas.

ROMNEY: Well, they sell us about this much stuff every year, and we sell them about this much stuff every year. And we’ve won just about every case that we’ve filed, that has been decided.

And if we’re not making investments in education and basic research, which is not something that the private sector is doing at a sufficient pace right now and has never done, then we will lose the (inaudible) in things like clean energy technology.

ROMNEY: Well, first of all, it’s not government that makes business successful. We had a tire case in which they were flooding us with cheap domestic tires — or — or cheap Chinese tires. So it’s pretty clear who doesn’t want a trade war. If we don’t have the best education system in the world, if we don’t continue to put money into research and technology that will allow us to create great businesses here in the United States, that’s how we lose the competition. China can be our partner, but — but that doesn’t mean they can just roll all over us and steal our jobs on an unfair basis.

Now with respect to what we’ve done with China already, U.S. Is that — isn’t there a risk that that could happen?

I was with one company that makes valves and — and process industries and they said, look, we were — we were having some valves coming in that — that were broken and we had to repair them under warranty and we looked them and — and they had our serial number on them. And in that process, they can get government help and government guarantees, but they need to go through bankruptcy to get rid of excess cost and the debt burden that they’d — they’d built up.

Over the long term, in order for us to compete with China, we’ve also got to make sure, though, that we’re taking — taking care of business here at home. If you declare them a currency manipulator on day one, some people are — say you’re just going to start a trade war with China on day one. That’s got to end.

I know Americans had seen jobs being shipped overseas; businesses and workers not getting a level playing field when it came to trade. We don’t have to be an adversary in any way, shape or form. And so we have to understand that we can’t just surrender and lose jobs year in and year out. And that’s the reason why I set up a trade task force to go after cheaters when it came to international trade. competitor. We are working with countries in the region to make sure, for example, that ships can pass through; that commerce continues

GAA Club notes –

For details contact 087-2846204 or check out our website.

Corner-forward Kevin O’Connor opened the scoring for the Senior footballers after five minutes and Eoghan Nolan rattled in his team’s first goal two minutes later the set up the Shelmaliers after good inter-play from Brian Doyle and Glen Malone.

Under-8 combined camogie/ladies’ football training will resume on Wednesday, April 15, from 6-7.30 p.m. Our Under-14s (Wygram Gaels) took on Geraldine O’Hanrahans and won by 4-12 to 2-2. Anne’s and take on Clongeen at 5 p.m. Again it was another tough game as Clonard trailed behind Kilanerin at half-time (2-8 to 1-4), but they dug their heels in deep for the second-half as they knew they had the ability to win this game and fought hard until the final whistle. Your support was greatly appreciated.

Well done to all our Under-12 girls who stepped up to the mark also and played great football. A big thank you to the management team – Shirley Roche, Brendan Rochford, Estelle Murphy – and to all the parents who travelled down and stayed for the day as your support was much appreciated. The Intermediates beat Mount Leinster Rangers from Carlow in Hollymount on Good Friday by 4-3 to 2-7, while the Seniors defeated home side Ferns St. in the club.

Both teams are in action in the second round on Sunday, with the Juniors at home to St. Ibar’s.


ST. Our lads’ hard work, constant training and the dedication of the team and their mentors Diarmuid Devereux, Paul Goff and Patrick Kavanagh paid off.

Well done to the adult first team which beat Bannow on Sunday in Enniscorthy. Anne’s meet Fethard.


Training: Monday, Under-14 hurling at 6 p.m. The numbers drawn were 5, 18, 22 and 24. James’ 2-4, St. IBAR’S/SHELMALIER

The Under-12s had a good game with Monageer-Boolavogue, with shining efforts from Cian, Conor, Ryan, Josh, Eric and Clinton. All are welcome to attend.

The lotto jackpot now stands at EUR18,000. The final score was Clonard/Volunteers 5-17, Horeswood 1-5.

The Minor ladies play in the championship on Wednesday against Oulart at 6.30 p.m. The numbers were 1, 5, 8, 24.



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Tensions were high in the last five minutes when the scores were equal but the brave Caitlin Murphy was pulled down which resulted in a penalty which Chelsea sent in to the back of the net and this resulted in a win for Clonard.


We have received sponsorship for a new set of jerseys for the Féile from Phil Cullen, South East Financial Services, Gorey. In a few weeks our baby butters (Under-6s) will be back on Wednesdays from 6.30 to 7.30 p.m.

Anyone looking for half-zip tops, contact Peter Ennis (086-3886564).

Our Intermediate footballers were beaten in the first round of the championship last weekend by Ferns on a scoreline of 1-11 to 0-9. Patrick’s club will be hosting the Under-14 2015 football Féile, taking place from Friday, June 26, until Sunday, June 28. Well done to all concerned on the perfect beginning to the season.

The jackpot for the lotto is rising steadily with the next draw up to EUR5,600. Anne’s 0-9, St. You are asked to give both teams your support.

It was a busy Easter for our club, starting on Easter Sunday morning. to 12 noon at the hurling wall in Glynn-Barntown G.A.A. Call Ger on 087-2814304 to find out more.

Wexford People


A committee meeting is scheduled for Wednesday at 8 p.m. Kinsella, Kenneth Byrne for Sheridan.

And coming in the wake of our great Féile win on Easter Monday this has most certainly been a good week for the club. Anne’s and St. Next week’s jackpot will be EUR5,600.

Upcoming fixtures: Under-12s play away to St. for Under-6, Under-8 and Under-10, and 4-5.30 p.m. Doyle, Linzi Lanigan, Katie Lacey.

A very happy birthday to club stalwart Jack Acton who recently celebrated his 80th birthday.


For up to date news, views or pictures please like the club Facebook page ‘St Brigids Blackwater GAA Club’, follow the club on Twitter @Blackwatergaa or visit our website:

Prizes: first man home, EUR50; first woman home, EUR50; second man home, EUR25; second woman home, EUR25; third man home, EUR20; third woman home, EUR20; additional spot prizes.

In the Senior game Starlights were 1-5 to 1-2 down at half-time having played against a strong wind. Please support the local club.

Our Junior footballers got their season off to a start on Saturday against the Starlights. throw-in.

Coiste na nOg begin their hurling and football academy for Junior infants and children born in 2009 on Saturday, April 25, from 10.30 a.m. Well done to Rebecca Foley who scored a massive 4-10 in two games.

Well done to the Intermediate camogie squad which defeated Kilrush on Friday.

Team: Kate Kavanagh; Megan Goucher, Chloe Keeling, Ciara Brennan; Niamh Tormey, Hollie Sinnott, Chelsea Pitman; Sarah Murhpy, Allanah Anglim; Sarah Murphy, Lauren Gordon, Lauren Roche; Simone Kemp, Rebecca Dowdall, Caitlin Murphy; Tara Foley.


The Under-14 boys’ teams are busy with football also with practice matches against the Volunteers and Sarsfields, and championship games against Geraldine O’Hanrahans and Horeswood coming up.

Junior hurling training continues on Wednesdays and Fridays at 7 p.m. in Páirc Charman; Saturday, ladies’ football for girls aged eight to 16 in Páirc Charman

Our Intermediate football lost out to Kilanerin by 0-18 to 2-6 while the Junior team also lost to Fethard by 2-10 to 0-11.

Our Under-14 footballers play against Our Lady’s Island on Thursday at 7.30 p.m. The Under-14 footballers start their championship with a home match against Sarsfields on April 23.

The Under-10s had their first camogie blitz of the year in Glynn on Saturday. in Kilmore.

We would like to thank each and every girl – Libby Bierney, Ciara Brennan, Niamh Tormey, Hollie Sinnott, Chelsey Pitman, Caitlin Murphy, Casey Jane Jordan, Ellen O’Connor, Emily Kavanagh, Dena Lee Grassick Bergin, Erin Duffin, Alliot Kutton, Tara Murphy, Zoe Anglim, Caoimhe Brendan Rochford, Caoimhe Kara Lawlor, Tamzin Howell, Ciara Shannon – you did your club proud your performance on and off the pitch was exceptional.

Preparations are in full swing for Féile which takes place in Wexford on the last weekend in June. (086-7318018).

The season for our under-age hurlers and footballers and camogie players is now well under way so please come up to support our many rising stars when you can. Enjoy the celebrations.

Finishing touches are now being put in place on our clubhouse and surrounds in anticipation of the official opening on May 17. Our Junior ‘B’ team was beaten by St. St. Mary’s (Rosslare) at 7 p.m. ANNE’S

Well done to Stephen O’Gorman, Ian Carty and Stephen Stafford who were on the Wexford Minor hurling panel last weekend when they beat Laois in the Leinster championship.


On Sunday the women travelled up to Kilanerin. The Seniors went down to Fethard by 1-9 to 1-2 in New Ross while the Juniors lost to St. Ger Redmond is looking for your scrap metal to raise money for these two groups. We wish them every happiness in the future.


Training times in Páirc Charman: Under-10 girls, Wednesday, 6.30 to 7.30 p.m.; Under-12 girls, Monday and Wednesday, 6.30 to 7.30 p.m.; Under-8 boys, Wednesday, 6.30 to 7.30 p.m.; Under-10 boys, Tuesday, 6.15 to 7.30 p.m.; Under-12 boys, Tuesday, 6.30 to 7.45 p.m. on Saturday.

Finally, many thanks to Dr. There was no joy for the second team which went down to Kilrush.

Membership is now overdue and must be paid ASAP. in Rathangan.

Congratulations to Jenny McLoughlin who was winner of the lotto jackpot last week. Best of luck to all our Leaving Cert. Special thanks to John ‘Sammy’ Sinnott who sponsored the hamper, and also thanks to Andrew at Goldsmith’s Shop and Sinnott’s pub for ticket sales. A joint committee has been formed with the ladies’ G.A.A. If anyone is interested in helping out with an under-age team please contact Ciarán Ruth.

Our sympathy goes to the families of Nancy Smith and Stevie Martin, former club Secretary, who both passed away recently.

Well done to our club referees who are making a name for themselves. against Duffry Rovers on Sunday also.

ST. All are welcome – contact Paudie on 087-6479944 for more details.

Fixtures: April 14, Under-14 camogie v. grounds. on another win for the county Minor squad.


Again the scores did not come easy as they sent many chances wide. Kieran McCormack who gave an excellent talk in the club last week on concussion management for sportspeople. The next game is Thursday at 7 p.m. in the clubhouse and it is important we have a full attendance.

The Juniors continued the good form when they overcame Clonard by 4-16 to 2-7 in Páirc Charman on Sunday evening.

Registrations are due now ASAP. Martin’s and Faythe Harriers. Murphy Park, Enniscorthy on Saturday, April 18, at 11 a.m.

Congratulations to Under-12 manager Georgina Roche on the occasion of her marriage to Chris Cosgrave on Saturday in Glynn. in Ferns.

The footballers take the field again this Saturday against Clonard. With over 15,00 hits per month it’s a great way to get your company known. James’ in the first round of the District championship.

The Juniors took on Gorey away on Saturday morning and travelled by bus to find that Gorey had only ten players. The game was close throughout but Gusserane grabbed their winner late into injury time and so we now take on Starlights in round two on Sunday in Taghmon at 6.30 p.m.

Brian Culleton was the goalscorer and all the players gave it their best and played very well for their first match this year, so keep up the good work.

Huge numbers turned out in the clubhouse as orders were taken on Wednesday for new club gear (boys and girls age seven years to adult XL). The girls had all of the possession but just could not send in more scores.

In the second game our Juniors were well ahead at the interval by 1-9 to 0-3, allowing the Shamrocks to stage a comeback in the second-half but, holding out with tenacity, the Stars went on to take the win, making it two out of two. Thanks also to all the sponsors who donated prizes for the raffle and the ladies who provided teas, sandwiches and buns. Training times are: Under-8 to Under-12, Wednesday, 6-7 p.m.; Under-14 and Under-16, also 6- p.m.; Minor and adult, 7-8.30 p.m. Customers will be contacted when the order arrives.

As always all our match and training updates will be on Clonard ladies’ Facebook page or contact the club phone (085-1397986). The place is looking great both inside and out, reflecting the huge amount of work that has been put in over recent months.

Many thanks to the coaches and helpers whose contribution ensured that the annual Easter camp in Hollymount was a resounding success. The score was 0-18 to 2-8. O’Brien (black card), Aodhán Doyle for B. Next week’s jackpot is a massive EUR17,750.

The rainbow over Camolin on Saturday evening definitely seemed to be a good omen for the Starlights in the first round of both the Senior and Junior football championships, with our Seniors beating Castletown by 2-7 to 1-6 and our Juniors beating our close neighbours the Shamrocks by 1-11 to 2-6 at the same venue.

The Naomh Éanna charity cycle challenge group is holding a table quiz tomorrow (Wednesday) in McGovern’s pub at 9 p.m. They took their chances and turned around the score to get the points in the bag by 4-11 to 2-14.

Well done to ‘Skinner’ and the Wexford Minors who won the first round of their championship on Saturday in Innovate Wexford Park, seeing off the challenge of Laois.

Patrick Kavanagh, the club’s under-age Chairman, congratulated the teams and thanked Conor McDonald for doing the presentation and Conor Carton for the sponsorship. It was the Senior footballers who began the day when they took on Adamstown in Bree and were always in control, resulting in a 4-13 to 0-3 victory.

Our Under-14 hurlers played their first championship match in Division 4 on Sunday against Buffers Alley. At midfield Rory the dynamo was working tirelessly and was assisted by Adam and Richard. The five lucky dip winners were John Berry, Catherine Buttle, John Roche, Annette Murphy, Aine and Aaron who each received EUR30. while the Seniors will take on Shelmaliers in Wexford Park at 2 p.m.

The Under-18s face Rathnure at home on Thursday, April 16, while our Under-16 team begin their championship on Monday away to Craanford at 7 p.m.

Some businesses have availed of advertising spots on our website. We unfortunately did not advance to the next stage having tried hard but will rally for the Féile football .

The new surface on the car park is a welcome upgrade. Our Féile captain, Odhran Carty, and vice-captain, Anto Larkin, along with mentors John Walsh, Fran Carty, Michael O`Toole and Jason Sheridan were guests of honour at the Wexford Supporters’ Club launch of their calendar of events at the Riverside Park Hotel on Thursday.

They are playing in first round of the football against Craanford on Thursday, April 16, in Ballyroebuck at 7 p.m.

Intermediate team: Niamh Potter; Maeve Doyle, Sinéad Kelly, Lisa Quill; Fiona Cullen, Catherine Doyle, Aine Barron; Shelly Doyle, Ciara Corrigan; Lisa Murphy, Michelle Harding (0-2), Ciara Neville; Catherine Roche (0-1), Michelle Hearne (3-0), Shauna Kelly (1-0). against Tara Rocks in the second round of the championship.

Published 16/04/2015 | 16:39

The Under-16 team opened their championship with a confident win over Taghmon-Camross in Killurin on Thursday and good displays from all over the field , while the Junior team gave a great account of themselves versus Gusserane on Tuesday but were overcome in the end.

There is still time to get your Model County tickets for this year from any club members. against St. The last day to pay is Wednesday, April 29 – no registration means no training or games.

Both the Shelmalier Senior and Junior footballers had very encouraging opening matches in the first rounds of the championships on Sunday. Horeswood at 8 p.m. Our next game in the championship is fixed for this coming Sunday in Blackwater at 6.30 p.m. Well done to Ciarán who played at right half-back with the Minor hurlers in their win over Laois at the same venue last weekend.

Our Junior footballers play on Saturday in Bellefield at 5 p.m. Can patrons please note and observe the four reserved disabled car parking spaces?

The Junior ladies travelled to Castletown on Friday and lost by 6-8 to 3-8. Aogán Ó Fearghail.

On Thursday our Under-16 girls travelled away to Fethard to play their first game of the season. A text will be sent out for your times.

There is a monster metal campaign under way in aid of the Naomh Éanna development fund and cancer charities. in Horeswood; April 18, Under-12 camogie blitz at 11 a.m. Anne’s by 0-10 to 0-4 in Rathangan.

There was no jackpot winner in the last draw, with four match three winners. Anne’s 0-10, Sarsfields 0-4; Senior ladies’ football league, St. The final was then played on Sunday, April 12, in inclement weather but it was a bridge too far as the girls came up against a very strong Taghmon side who won by 3-7 to 1-5.

Our Junior ‘B’s play the opening game in the Wexford District championship on Friday at 7 p.m. Her Under-12 protégés were on hand to provide a colourful surprise after the wedding when they formed a guard of honour in full camogie dress for the happy couple. Well done boys.

Under-12 training continues on Saturday mornings. girls who are doing their Irish orals this week.

There was no winner of the weekly lotto. Again a big thank you to Phil for this sponsorship. JOHN’S VOLUNTEERS

Our Juvenile footballers had their first championship match last night (Monday, April 13) against Glynn-Barntown (result available on our website). Our players are all young this year but after a good display from all they were beaten by a bigger and stronger Buffers Alley team by 3-4 to 1-0.

ST. Gorey (time and venue TBA); April 19, Senior football championship v. The talk was well-attended by club coaches and is part of our effort to raise awareness of this key safety issue among all club members.

As mentioned above the official opening of our new facility has been fixed for Sunday evening, May 17. Tickets are available on the night of the draw or from any committee member.

Anyone who has still not paid their club membership would be advised to do so immediately.

Well done Pat Fitzharris Snr. The Under-14 hurlers took part in the Féile blitz in Buffers Alley. Unfortunately, they lost out to Buffers Alley who won both of their games to proceed to the next stage.

Training this week is on Tuesday and Thursday. Again the scores were slow to come but did not reflect the fast pace of the game, which Bunclody won.

Our Intermediate ‘A’ team was beaten by two points in the first round of the championship on Saturday in Bellefield by Réalt na Mara. James’ at 3.30 p.m., with the Juniors in Coolree at 11.30 a.m. Hard luck ladies.

The Under-14 hurlers had a comprehensive win over Marshalstown in Farmleigh on Thursday. Mogue’s (Fethard) at 5 p.m. and all are welcome.

Our Senior footballers were defeated by 1-12 to 1-11 by Gusserane in the first round of the championship on Sunday in Innovate Wexford Park. The grand jackpot prize of EUR15,000 remains to be won so please contact any committee member about signing up to the lotto.

Can all team managers etc. MARTIN’S

Our girls’ Under-14 football team did fantastically well to reach the county Féile final by getting past Horeswood and Shelmaliers on a very dramatic Easter Monday in Killurin. Anne’s 6-8, Horeswood 3-3; Under-14 hurling Division 3, St. Subs: John O’Brien (Cork, 0-1) for D. It was great to see some of the Minor girls come through and get a run out with the adult team. The league itself starts in a couple of weeks.


The club lotto numbers drawn on Sunday, April 5, were 8, 9, 12 and 22 and we had one match three winner, Lisa McDonald, who gets EUR50. A number of the players have been seen wearing the tops over the last few days and there has been lots of positive feedback from the public.

The Senior footballers are out next Sunday, April 19, in New Ross against St. The winning numbers were 1, 9, 16, 18 and bonus number 31. Until payment is received, players are not covered for medical expenses or loss of wages.

The Intermediate team play Bunclody in the second round of the championship in Patrick’s Park on Sunday at 2.30 p.m.


The Under-16 footballers made the long journey to Kilanerin on Sunday morning to play Ballinastragh Gaels, coming out winners with the scoreline 2-9 to 3-5. You can register for the event online through or simply use the links provided on our website.

Easter Monday night’s presentation was a great success, held in the parish hall in Camolin, for Under-12s, Under-14s, Under-16s and Minors. Torrential rain and hailstones during the interval seemed to reduce the force of the wind in the second period, making nothing easy for the Starlights who kicked well throughout against a strong and fit opposition.

The second round of football championship should be next weekend, followed by maybe two weeks of hurling, but check the weekly fixtures please.

Our Under-16 footballers play in the second round of the championship against Oylegate-Glenbrien in Blackwater on Monday, April 20, at 7.30 p.m.

ST. Doyle, Sinéad Kelly for Tector.

Better luck we hope this week when the Intermediate footballers travel to St. The next draw is on Tuesday, April 21, in Taghmon.

Club gear is now being ordered for anyone who would like to place an order.

There was no winner of the Shelmalier lotto on April 6 when the numbers drawn were 10, 15, 29 and 31. Well done lads.

There will be a committee meeting on Monday, April 20, at 8 p.m. The ladies’ adult Intermediate team have started their season well and were in good form on Friday when they beat Bunclody by 3-6 to 0-10 in Piercestown.

Senior team: Niamh Potter; Maeve Quill, Leona Tector, Ciara Neville; Aine Barron, Catherine Doyle, Ciara Corrigan; Shelly Doyle, Aine Lacey; Shauna Kelly, Kate Kelly (0-6), Sandy Carr (0-3); Deirdre McMahon, Michelle Hearne (1-0), Michelle Harding (2-0). – Jane Mythen for M. All the boys and one girl all enjoyed their games.

The Juniors were also never threatened by Clonard with two goals each from Tony Smith and James Cash. James’ v. Horeswood Senior game last Sunday, and Billy Dodd will handle his first-ever Senior championship tie in Taghmon next Sunday when St.

There was plenty of ladies’ football activity last week with the club hosting their section of Féile. There were two lucky match three winners and they were Peter Ryan and Michael Donohoe.

Good luck to the Under-14s who are away to Bunclody in the league on Tuesday, April 14, at 6.30 p.m., and to the Under-12s who play in a cluster blitz in Fr. The Seniors now play Sarsfields in Wexford Park on Sunday.

Our Under-14 team play their first round of the Division 3 championship away to Réalt na Mara this Thursday at 7 p.m.

The club’s Facebook page has photos of the presentation night, the recent Féile hurling blitz and much more. Jamie scored an outstanding goal with an overhead strike.

Training is on Tuesday and Thursday.

Under-6 and Under-8 camogie training continues today (Tuesday) in Clonattin at 6 p.m.

The Under-14 camogie team play in the championship tonight against Ferns at 6.30 p.m. Again the girls worked really hard, defeating Duffry Rovers and St. Two very entertaining matches were played against Fethard and New Ross in miserable conditions. club and a number of fundraisers are planned over the coming weeks. and Under-10 and Under-12 hurling at 7 p.m. Thank you Conor for doing this, and for signing tops and allowing the children to take photographs with him.

Congratulations to Cian Kehoe and Josh McMahon on reaching the final of the All-Ireland doubles and commiserations to Glenn Murphy who lost the singles semi-final.

Nonetheless it was a fantastic achievement by the girls to get that far and they now have the national Féile to look forward to in June. James’ on April 22; Under-14s play away to the Shels on April 20; Clonard/Volunteers Minor girls play away to the Shels on April 27.

Model County Draw tickets are now on sale from Clonard ladies with fantastic prizes. St. Minor hurling team which defeated Offaly to become the Leinster League champions in Wexford Park on Saturday week, and were also vital components in the opening championship game versus Laois when again Wexford took the spoils. A very tired and sunburned Clonard team just could not keep them out but played their hearts out until the final whistle where Taghmon secured their win in the final.

Wow, what a great day for Clonard ladies as our Under-14 girls travelled down to Taghmon to take part in the county Féile on Bank Holiday Monday. Fintan’s at 11.30 a.m. Not to be deterred, our girls who had set off in numbers loaned five players to the opposition and played a practice game, winning by 6-11 to 0-5 having already been awarded the points.


Our Junior ‘B’ team start their District championship against Kilmore this Friday at 7 p.m. Shirley is looking forward to a great season with this talented team.

There is a committee meeting for all committee members this Tuesday at 7.30 p.m. Make sure to check our Facebook page to get the details.

Our Under-14s are away to Clongeen on Thursday, April 16.

Rowan, David and Jack were part of the Co. We would ask Senior members and parents to give up two hours of your time over three days to raise much-needed funds for our growing club. The next draw takes place in Blackwater clubhouse on Monday, April 20.

All under-age teams are training now, so if your boy or girl has not returned yet, or would like to start for the first time, see the contacts on the club noticeboard or on

The Under-10 hurlers played two grading matches Sunday morning in the Caulfield League. The full-time score was 5-13 to 0-5. Fintan’s 1-3; Junior ‘A’ football championship, St. JOSEPH’S

Féile hurling took place on Sunday week in Killurin and the boys came up against strong opposition in the form of St. St. Wednesday.

The Easter Raffle draw was held in the Sycamore House on Thursday night and club President Mary Roche was on hand to officiate.

A great game of hurling was played Thursday evening in Coolcotts. Mary’s, Rosslare (time TBA) in Tagoat; April 16, Under-14 football v. Four match three winners shared EUR200, namely Eithne McGee, Bricketstown, Kathleen Harpur, Bannow, John Brown, Cullenstown, and Jim Ferguson, Kilderry. Overall the management and girls were pleased with their first performance despite the big difference in the score.

The club would like to thank all who supported the draw in any way and in particular our main sponsors, Mary and Declan Roche of the Sycamore House, and a special mention to the hard-working committee and Julie Kearney who put so much work into assembling the hamper and gathering other prizes.

The training tops were sponsored by Conor Carton of Carton’s Daybreak in Camolin. Anne’s to qualify for the quarter-final but they were defeated by Shelmaliers at that stage.

As always Clonard ladies would like to invite new players to come along and join in our fun training sessions. Users can only book training two weeks in advance.

Under-age training continues at the moment on Saturdays in Camolin from 4-5 p.m. in Páirc Charman; Friday, Under-8 at 6 p.m. They now meet Kilanerin’s second string in Monamolin on Saturday at 5 p.m.

Team: Seán Sheridan; Lee Kinsella, Brendan Travers, Tom Stafford; Pedro Travers (capt., 1-1), Simon Doran, Joseph O’Connor; Conor Hughes (1-1), John O’Brien (Ramsfort Park); Dara McDonald (0-3), Pádraig Doyle (1-0), Seán Doyle (0-1); William Cullen (0-3, 2 frees), Barry Kinsella (2-0), David O’Brien (0-3). Well done to all girls and mentors.

St. Patrick’s on Thursday in the first round of the hurling championship.

Winners: luxury hamper, Bernadette Curtis; Riverbank meal voucher, Diarmuid Curran; Riverbank meal voucher, Ned Martin; designer t-shirt, Jack Curran; bottles of wine, Tony Butler, Eimear O’Gorman, Ann Ring, Nigel Allen; box of chocolates, Philomena Moran-Curran.

ST. Further details on matches and events will be available closer to the time.

Congratulations to our Intermediate footballers who had a good win in their opening championship game against Clongeen on Sunday in Taghmon on a scoreline of 2-9 to 1-10. Joseph’s in Kilmore.

Our Junior ‘A’ football team opened their championship campaign in Monamolin on Sunday with a two-point win against Tara Rocks while the Intermediate footballers played Ballyhogue on Saturday in Bellefield, coming out on top by 2-9 to 0-13.

Clonard/Volunteers Senior team had a great week, playing two games in seven days. This is definitely a date for the diary.

A reminder to all to buy your County Development Draw tickets this week from members of the committee and assist in the progression and development of both Wexford and the club.

There is an Under-16 football match on Monday, April 20, against Crossabeg-Ballymurn away at 7 p.m.

The squad began their season with a challenge football game against Volunteers in Piercestown on Easter Monday. Other scores came from Derek Walsh, Jody Donohoe, Michael Feeney, James Cash and Tony Smith. in Our Lady’s Island in the first round of the championship.

The occasion will be marked by a Senior hurling challenge game between Wexford and Waterford which promises to be a competitive encounter only three weeks before both of these sides open their respective championship campaigns on June 7. Their next fixture will be against Gusserane and, again, our website has details on all fixtures.

Our second game versus Bunclody was another hum-dinger. in Páirc Charman; Thursday, Under-14 football at 6 p.m. These young girls showed some great skill. Our next game is against Rosslare on Saturday in Rathangan at 6.30 p.m. Hamper winner: Danny Cox.


To add an item to the club notes, phone 087-9770497.

Best of luck to Ciarán Kirwan and Conor Halligan who will be involved with the Wexford Minor footballers against Westmeath in their Leinster championship opener in Innovate Wexford Park on Saturday. – Niamh Walsh for Barron, Lisa Murphy for Harding, Jane Mythen for S. In a good game, St. Aidan’s by 3-9 to nil on Thursday.

Please support our upcoming 10k road race and 5k family fun run/walk on this Sunday, April 19, commencing at 11 a.m. It was a good effort by a very understrength side.

The Under-12s were out on Friday in the championship versus Gusserane and all girls played a great team game but were beaten by 3-3 to 0-2.

Well done to Corach Ramblers on their well-deserved win on Sunday. Conor McDonald presented the teams with their medals and tops. A big thank you to Conor for the sponsorship. If anyone would like to buy one, please let one of the managers know.

Well done to the Intermediate ‘A’ footballers who got the better of Davidstown-Courtnacuddy in the first round of the championship on Saturday. in Gusserane against St. Anne’s 0-3.

Our Intermediate ladies play in the league on Sunday against Naomh Eanna in Blackwater at 11 a.m.

Clonard ladies will hold a fundraising draw in Pettitt’s from Thursday to Saturday, April 23 to 25. in the clubhouse.

Our Under-16 team played at home to Marshalstown last night in their first round of the championship and will play round two on Monday, April 20, away to Clonard with 7 p.m. PATRICK’S

We reached the quarter-final of the cup where we met a very strong Taghmon team. And watch out for the membership forms after training, The maximum fee is EUR30 per chap.

Sunday was a disappointing day for our adult teams as both lost out in their first round championship encounters. Neil Murphy won the seller’s prize. The Under-14s had a good win against St. The Under-14 hurlers had better cheer by beating Crossabeg in their first round.

The ladies’ club would like to thank everyone who supported their Easter hamper draw. Although it took the Shamrocks a while to get into the game, the lads competed well in the second-half and were unlucky to lose out by three points in the end.

Results: Senior football championship, St. for Under-14. Let’s hope we can make it two wins from two games.

We hosted an Under-10 camogie blitz on Saturday morning and our two teams had great matches against Kilmore, St. Almost 40 members of the camogie club took part.


ST. Castletown at 7 p.m. please avail of our online pitch booking system on our website to avoid confusion with pitch availability now that the long evenings are here. Kevin Carty took charge of the St. Training for Under-8s and 10s continues on Thursdays from 6 until 7 p.m.

Good luck to the lads in the upcoming Rackard League matches.

Lastly, two reminders: please come and support club home games, it is a nice way to pass an hour and young and old players appreciate you doing so. Keep an eye on Facebook for any changes in the training schedule.

Next we played Gusserene and the girls were well warmed up and dominated this game also, winning well.

Well done to the Juvenile boys who beat Starlights by 6-9 to 4-6 at home on Monday in their championship opener.

The club lotto wasn’t won last week. The opening will be performed by President of the G.A.A. in Páirc Charman, and Under-10 and Under-12 football at 6 p.m.; Wednesday, Minor and Under-16 football at 8 p.m. Subs. This was a tough game which Fethard won well but the score does not reflect how hard the Clonard girls worked.

The Under-14 footballers travel to Hollymount for a 7.30 p.m. in Oulart.

The Shelmaliers continued their dominance in the second-half with further goals from Stephen Banville and Brian Malone. We had three winners on match three numbers: Kathleen Harpur, Bannow; John Brown Snr., Cullenstown; and Jim Ferguson. Barry had a good game in goal.

Well done to the Intermediates and Seniors who both got off the mark in their respective league campaigns recently. Contact P.J. at the wall. Many of our Under-14 players’ families are hosting the guests for the weekend.

The Under-10s with captain fantastic Michael and Emer, who were winning every ball high or low, were brilliant. throw-in on Thursday while on Monday the Under-16 footballers face Glynn-Barntown in Killurin at 7 p.m.

The Under-16 footballers, in their first game, lost to Gusserane/Fethard by one point, also on Sunday. The Juniors now play Buffers Alley on Sunday in Blackwater. Our first game was versus Kilmore which we won by 1-1. The total raised was EUR465. Martin’s demonstrated excellent workrate in defence and an efficient attack to win on a 1-9 to 2-3 scoreline.

Clongeen Coiste na nOg would like to thank all the families and other people who made up all the tables in the family table quiz which was held on Good Friday night in the hall. Martin’s.

Our Minor camogie team had an impressive win over Buffers Alley in Monamolin on Tuesday in the first round of the Premier championship by 4-7 to 1-4 with an all-round gritty performance and scores from Holly (1-2), Chloe (1-2), Clodagh (1-2), Róisín (1-0) and Clare (0-1).

Those interested in mentoring the Under-6s this year are asked to phone Podge on 087-7769171. against Kilrush.

Further points from Brian Malone, Brian Doyle, Kevin O’Connor, Glen Malone and Stephen Banville followed before Páraic O’Leary got the second goal to leave a half-time score of Shelmaliers 2-7, Adamstown 0-1.

Our Under-9 and -10 hurlers travelled to Páirc Charman on Friday and the boys really put all their training into action against the Faythe Harriers, while their Under-11 and -12 clubmates hosted the Harriers in Killurin.

Our Under-10s and -12s played hurling practice matches on Saturday with Monageer-Boolavogue. First up they had a good win when they travelled to Horeswood on Monday evening for their second league match of the season. Subs. in Páirc Charman, and Under-16 and Minor hurling at 7 p.m.; Tuesday, adult training at 8 p.m. You can find us on Facebook at CLG Naomh Padraig.. First up is a breakfast morning in Kilmore parish hall on Sunday, May 3.

The team for both games was: Natasha Walsh; Nicole Guerrine, Shirley Roche, Lorraine Sludds; Mini Nami, Aoife Tormey, Danielle Chin; Niamh De Buitléar, Leanne Brennan; Eimear Buckley, Shauna Gleeson, Ciara O’Riordan; Diane Leniston, Eire Brennan, Bekka Foley; Collette Butler, Niamh Buckley, Kara Mc Donald, Ciara Cullinane, Chloe Bates, Clodagh Downes, Aisling Busher, Laura Bruen, Emer Hore, Sara Byrne, also not forgetting Hazel Brennan (injured). in Rathangan; Junior ‘B’ camogie league v. They played three matches each against Davidstown-Courtnacuddy, Cloughbawn White and Cloughbawn Blue. As the teams received their medals and tops, excitement grew as the tops were put on and proud team photos taken.

Hard luck to the Juvenile girls who were beaten by 5-5 to 1-11 in their first championship game against near neighbours Volunteers on Thursday, and to the Under-12 girls who went down to Ballygarrett by 2-3 to 1-3 at home on Friday.

They beat Ballygarrett by four points. in Taghmon; April 20, Under-14 girls’ football v. in Tagoat; April 17, Junior ‘A’ football championship v

Gambling – InfoBarrel

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Sports betting in Canada. – Free Online Library

Although barred in Canada, Irish Sweepstakes tickets were bought by both males and females and members of all social strata. Smith *

Currently, Canadian sports lotteries make up a small portion of provincial government lottery proceeds (for example, in Alberta, sports lottery play accounts for only 8% of all lottery revenues). The game, which offered one chance in 1,190 of winning $500, lacked public support and was quickly abandoned by Loto-Quebec.

Point Spread-is a two outcome game (either a visiting or home team win against a posted point spread) whereby players can select between two and 12 games.

Ostensibly, the availability of single event sports betting would bolster casino attendance by drawing more American players (single event sports betting is illegal in every American state except Nevada) and Canadian players who have become disillusioned with the Sport Select game. In theory, this proposed change would be welcomed by avid sports bettors because it should result in more appealing betting opportunities and better payouts on winning bets. Plagued by competition from provincial lotteries, objections from the major leagues of baseball and public indifference, the scheme lasted 19 weeks. Like all government sanctioned lottery schemes, the winners’ share of net revenues was miserly (48%); track and horse owners received 25%; leaving 27% for Loto Quebec. a contentious and unresolved issue pertains to certain Canadian First Nation bands serving as hosting sites for all forms of online gambling. Wynne, H. These are units made up provincial and municipal police (Ontario) or government regulators, Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and municipal police (Alberta) that specialize in illegal gambling enforcement. In Nevada sports books a tie game is an actual tie game (not several points either way) and considered a “wash” or a “push,” that is, players get their money back. Despite the radical shift from federal to provincial government authority over gambling, there was no public consultation on the matter; indeed, the lotteries bill was expedited through parliament (Osborne, 1989; Goldlist Clements, 2008). UNLV Gaming Research Review Journal, 9(1), 29-46.

Wood, R. Jackson, D. (1989). Most leagues allow for injured players to be replaced and permit player trades.

Ipsos Reid Public Affairs, Gemini Research. Smith, G. Started in 1930 and run three times annually, the Irish Sweepstakes was in effect, a lottery featuring two draws; round one involved a selection of the fortunate few who moved on to round two whereby the remaining ticket numbers were matched with a horse running in the Irish Sweeps Derby. Sociology of Sport Journal, 7(3), 271-286.

The Role of Skill and Luck in Canadian Sports Lottery Play

Future Prospects for Canadian Sports Betting

In 1892 the first Criminal Code of Canada codified existing criminal law, including crimes related to gambling. Internet Gaming: a Look at Online Gambling in Canada. The market penetration of sports lotteries is limited to the extent that between 2.4% and 6% of the adult population (depending on the province) played a Canadian sports lottery in the previous year and the games attract mainly 18 to 44 year old males (Canadian Gambling Digest, 2003-2004). Internet Gambling: a Comprehensive Review and Synthesis of the Literature. Journal of Gambling Studies, 8(4), 331-349.

Fiscal 2002=$37,422 (millions) 57%

Fiscal 2003=$41,831 57%

Fiscal 2004=$42,189 # 56%

Fiscal 2005=$32,216 ## 53%

(1) a parlay is defined as “a bet on two or more teams whereby any money wagered and won on the first bet is placed on the second bet and, if there are more than two bets, that process is repeated on all bets. Given the Kahnawake First Nation’s success with hosting online gambling, several other First Nations have shown interest in setting up similar operations (Rex Jackson, 2008).

Table 3 indicates payout ratios for Point Spread bets according to the number of games played for baseball or hockey wagers and applies to Over/Under bets on two up to ten games:

* Within the scaled-down vice/morality units, public pressure has dictated that prostitution and child pornography, rather than illegal gambling, be the main investigative targets.

Winners are those who accumulate the most points over the professional league season based upon certain statistical categories (for example, in football, touchdowns, pass receptions, rushing yards and so forth). Table 4 contains standard lottery corporation payouts on various parlay bets in comparison with the true odds of winning the parlay.

* In the winter of 1990 the Western Canada Lottery Corporation conducted a ten week pilot project with a game called Power Play which consisted of four separate contests based on the outcomes and scoring statistics of National Hockey League games (Smith, 1992). Despite the obvious drawbacks of parlay betting in general, the parlay payout percentages in Nevada are significantly better than those offered by Canadian sports lotteries. and (4) access to appropriate technology (e.g., computer, the Internet, cell phone, BlackBerry), as much of the league business, is conducted via these media.

Smith, G. Not only were these contests forms of entertainment for the spectator/bettors, they were a way to sharpen essential survival skills (Belanger, 2006).

Privately organized pools are legal providing the entire entry fee funds are paid back to winning bettors and no money is charged for a handling or administration fee. In 1917 an Order-in-Council suspended horse race betting on the grounds that it was incommensurate with the war effort. 2004

The only legal forms of sports betting in Canada up until the early 1970s were horse racing, friendly wagers on the outcome of popular athletic events such as boxing matches, hockey or football games or on ones self in games of physical skill such as pool, golf, bowling and darts. at first, only NHL games were listed; however, Canadian and American pro football soon followed and major league baseball became part of the package in April, 1991.

One way to comprehend the overwhelming difficulty in succeeding in Canadian sports lottery play is to compare sports lottery payout percentages with other government sanctioned betting formats and other sports gambling outlets such as betting with an illegal bookmaker, a legal sports book in Nevada or an online bookmaker. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

Casino games (not including slot machines) 78% **

Despite these significant amendments to the Criminal Code gambling provisions, the law against bookmaking remained intact. The ensuing Quebec Act (1774) proscribed English criminal law and French civil law, thus initial Canadian gambling legislation was derived from English precedent but applied to Francophones as well. Unpublished LL.M thesis, Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.

At present, it is unclear whether Canadian courts have the legal authority to prosecute offshore Internet sports betting operations that cater to Canadian clients. Sport Select Baseball produced only one winner and ran a $45 million deficit (Labrosse, 1985).

12 correct pays 500 x wager

In analyzing the variables that affect winning or losing in playing Canadian sports lotteries, some background information is provided on how the games are played. Internet gambling: Past, present, and future. at Odds: Gambling Canadians 1919-1969. These questions were apparently answered satisfactorily as a revised version of Power Play, named Sport Select, was introduced in October, 1990. Listed in Table 5 in descending order are the approximate payout percentages of popular Canadian legal gambling formats (the word approximate is used because payout percentages may vary somewhat by region).

* And, bookmaking investigations are prohibitive because of the unfavorable cost/benefit ratio; that is, the considerable time and manpower required to secure a gambling conviction is unwarranted when the judicial system penalties are so lenient.

British and French interests collided as a result of fur trade competition and, exacerbated by the Seven Year’s War in Europe, hostilities in Canada between English and French colonials culminated with a British victory in the 1759 Plains of Abraham battle. Of those who reported gambling on the Internet, only 6.2% said that sports betting was their preferred game (Wood Williams, 2007b). The skill involved is in choosing players that will accumulate points and in picking players from teams that advance to the final round.

11 correct pays 400 x wager

Williams, R. Saskatoon, SK: Purich Publishing Limited.

4 correct pays 8 x wager

History of Legal Canadian Sports Lottery Schemes

* The success of Pro-Line in western Canada led other provincial and regional lottery corporations to introduce similar sports betting formats. (2008). (1998). Proponents of the idea, estimate that $700 million was wagered online by Canadians last year and that $100 million alone was bet on the Super Bowl in North America (Pearson, 2008).

Two Outcome Parlay Payouts Versus the True Odds

649 type lotteries 45%

2 correct pays 2 x wager

Lyman, S. New York: E.P.Dutton.

Bernhard, B. (2008). This has not been the case with the introduction of legal sports gambling in Canada, in fact, the opposite has occurred; bookmaking has proliferated and continues to be associated with organized crime activity that provides working capital that allows diversification into other criminal enterprises as well as legitimate businesses (Rosecrance, 1988).

Rex, J. Most of the early Internet gambling sites were located offshore in Caribbean and Central American countries and not affiliated with established land-based gambling companies.

Facing Nevada sportsbook odds a player needs to win 52.38% of the time to break even against the standard 11 to 10 odds on individual game bets. To win, all selections must be correct.

* Age of players (18-24=18%), (25-34=27%), (35-44=23%), (45-54=17%), (55-64=5%), (65+=2%)

The main opposition to sports betting in this era came from antigambling moralists; the wives of players who lost their pay cheques and thus could not support their families; employers who saw sports gambling as a distraction that lowered job productivity; and, for brief periods, the general public, whenever a scandal broke that involved bookmakers bribing police, politicians or public officials (Morton, 2003).

Gambling expansion–in 1969 an omnibus bill passed in parliament that that amended several sections of the Criminal Code; including legalizing lottery schemes and permitting charity sponsored gambling under provincial license (Campbell Smith, 1998). Lagging sales of the Excel game caused Western Canada Lottery Corporation officials to terminate the game in March of 1991. This arbitrary limit on payouts cushions lottery corporations from excessive losses.

Over/Under-is also a two outcome format (players choose whether the total score of both teams in an individual game will be over or under a posted number) and players choose from two up to 10 games. all bets are placed at the same time” [Reizner Mendelsohn, 1983].

* % of population that has ever played (7%)

Colonial Period (1497-1867)–Canada was discovered in 1497 by Giovanni Caboto, an Italian sailing under the British flag; however, shortly thereafter, a French colonizing expedition lead by Jacques Cartier established settlements in Canada. (2007b). Burlington, MA: Academic Press.

* Role-playing-the opportunity to vicariously participate as the general manager of a professional sports team.

Fantasy sports leagues are a new gambling format, but growing at a rapid rate (Bernhard Eade, 2005). Over the years new games emerged such as Over/Under, Point Spread and Double Play and sports such as basketball, soccer, tennis, auto racing and golf were added to the betting menu.

Internet Sports Betting

Sports lotteries 57%

Payout Percentages of Legal Gambling Formats

Currently, the Atlantic and British Columbia Lottery Corporations sell lottery products (including Sport Select) online to residents of their provinces. Sports Betting with Sonny Reizner. Betting on a sports event by itself was not a crime as long as a betting transaction fee was not charged; the activity was however, illegal, if done through a bookmaker.

Lipton, M. Scott, M. This would be a tall order given that Canada is already near the gambling saturation point in the minds of many citizens; while perhaps feasible in Ontario border communities, the idea is unlikely to have the same traction in the rest of the country; and there could be objections from Canadian professional sports teams who would want compensation for the use of their logos and schedules.

The primary attractions of fantasy sports leagues as outlined by Bernhard and Eade (2005) include:

9 correct pays 150 x wager


Sports betting pre-dated the arrival of Europeans in Canada as First Nation peoples wagered on the outcome of toboggan, snowshoe, and canoe races as well as archery, spear throwing and running events. The sports gambler profile from the most recent study in British Columbia is that of a younger (under the age of 35) male, who is somewhat more likely than the average British Columbian to be a problem gambler (Ipsos Reid, 2008).

Rombola, F. (1970). However, since only 45% of the wagering pool was paid out in first, second and third prizes to players who had correctly chosen the results of 11 to 13 games, the effect of player skill was negligible. Provincial governments can operate computer-based lottery schemes (this includes Internet gambling) but cannot license others to do so and cannot take bets from out of province residents unless the other province permits it. Typical of these private games are National Football League (NFL) pools and National Hockey League (NHL) play-off drafts: In both instances an entry fee is charged; in an NFL pool players try to pick the winners of each weekends slate of games against a posted point spread, with money paid out to weekly and year end winners. an Analysis of Internet Gambling and Its Policy Implications. Because the population of early Canada was so sparse and scattered, legislation in general, let alone specific gambling laws was a low priority.

The problem with this proposal is that the Criminal Code of Canada would need amending and all provinces would have to agree with the change. For each game played, bettors choose between three possible outcomes; (a) a home team win, (b) a visitor team win or (c) a tie (the definition of a tie varies depending on the sport). Pools, parlays and point spreads: a sociological consideration of the legalization of sports gambling. Gambling With the Future: The Evolution of Aboriginal Gaming in Canada. In addition to providing more favorable payout percentages, bookmakers are able to provide client services that are unmatched by government run sports lotteries, such as extending credit, telephone wagering, individual game bets, future and proposition bets. In the first instance, because many tickets or pool sheets are sold, prizes are large, even though the charity takes a hefty bite (usually at least 50%) of the proceeds. For example, a heavy favorite might be listed at odds of 1.10 (which would contribute minimally to the prize payout), whereas a serious underdog, listed at odds of 5.00 would significantly increase the prize payout, and, because ties occur less often than wins do, and are therefore harder to predict, the odds are typically higher on tie games.

* The chance to win money-some leagues have hefty entrance fees and hence offer sizable pots to the winner.

5 correct pays 15 x wager

After 1892, Canadian gambling legislation remained relatively constant for 75 years. (1999). The three possible outcomes substantially decreases the amount of skill that can be applied to forecasting game results, thus relegating the selection exercise close to the realm of pure luck.

Morton, S. The American Review of Canadian Studies, 38(2), 222-234.

## NHL lockout in 2004/2005 decreased betting volume

Lang, A. Pro-Line was a more popular sports betting format as players could wager anywhere from $2 to $100 on the results of at least 3, and up to 6, professional sports events (Smith, 1992). The History of the Law of Gaming in Canada. (2002). Excel required players to pick the winners of fifteen NHL games; for making the correct choices winners received $1,000 on a $2 bet. (1986). However, if run or licensed by a government (federal or provincial), parlay or pool style sports betting was considered a lottery product and thus permissible. Since then, online gambling has become a major International industry featuring over 2,500 Internet websites and generating an estimated $12 billion in revenue in 2005 (Wood Williams, 2007a). Chicago, IL: Contemporary Books.

Pull tickets 74%

A second watershed Criminal Code amendment in 1985 formalized an agreement between the federal and provincial governments. Smith, G. The Criminal Law Quarterly, 44(1), 108-126.

* In 1972 the Quebec quarte was launched; to win, the bettor had to choose race horses correctly either in order of finish (higher odds) or in any order (lower odds). International Gambling Studies, 1(1), 103-134.

Table 4

Banker, L. Super Bookie: Inside Las Vegas Sports Gambling. (1992). Harvey (2005) noted that bookmaking brings in mega dollars and estimated that “there are over 1,000 bookmakers operating in Toronto alone.” Because of these factors, bookmaking in Canada is a low risk criminal activity.

Smith, G. Payout percentage is the key factor in determining the probability of beating a game in the long run. This game proved to be a dismal failure, likely because players soon realized that the odds of successfully completing a fifteen game parlay were astronomically higher than the meager payouts warranted. Gambling in a fantasy world: an exploratory study of rotisserie baseball. (2006). Most First Nation games as well as any form of wagering by indigenous peoples were outlawed.

The following observations can be made about these early gambling provisions: (1) Canadian gambling laws relied heavily on English statutes, some dating back as far as 1541 (Robinson, 1983); (2) gambling was clearly seen as a moral issue; and (3) despite official sanctions against gambling, the activity thrived.

by Garry J. Reasons for this incongruity may include sports bettors (1) not trusting Internet gambling providers; (2) not knowing about the better odds and services offered by online sites; (3) not knowing or caring about Sport Select’s inferior odds and services or (4) preferring to play Sport Select because it is legal and offered by the provincial government.

* Intellectual challenge-by knowing which of the many variables to attend to and which to discard, players can display their analytical prowess.

Pearson, C. In other words, if the aggregate win exceeds these amounts, winners receive a lower than expected pro-rated payout. Sociology of the Absurd. Loto-Quebec, Stanke. Ultimately, competition from the growth of International state lotteries caused the demise of the Irish Sweepstakes in the late 1980s.

2 2 to 1 4 to 1

3 4 to 1 8 to 1

4 8 to 1 16 to 1

5 15 to 1 32 to 1

6 30 to 1 64 to 1

7 50 to 1 128 to 1

8 90 to 1 256 to 1

9 150 to 1 512 to 1

10 200 to 1 1,024 to 1

Confederation to Modern Times-Confederation occurred in 1867, however British gambling law still applied with several new twists, including:(1) lotteries being forbidden because they had fallen into disfavor in England, (2) the concept of amnesty for informers was introduced; to wit, “found ins” at an illegal gaming house could escape a criminal charge by testifying against the house keeper, and (3) the term “wager” was replaced by the word “bet” and the term “betting house” was introduced (Robinson, 1983).

The Indian Act of 1876 placed First Nations under federal government control for the purpose of their assimilation into the mainstream culture. The Clean Sweep: The Story of the Irish Hospitals Sweepstake. Criminal Code gambling provisions dealt with definitions of a “common gaming house” and a “common betting house” and listed indictable offences for keeping a “disorderly house” (the term encompassed bawdy, gaming and betting houses); gambling in public conveyances; bookmaking; buying, selling and distributing lottery products; keeping a cock-pit; and cheating at play (Robinson, 1983). (2005). (2007). (2005). Hodgins R. Paley, R. Illegal sports betting flourished because it was seen as a traditional part of male sporting culture and the police and judiciary generally treated bookmaking as a petty vice that warranted only a minor penalty.

Sport Lottery Player Demographics

Table 3

9/10 correct pays 10 x wager

Smith, G. an example of a charity sponsored sports pool is a “Grey Cup” (the Canadian Football League championship game featuring the top teams from the east and west) raffle. Par for the course: a study of gambling on the links and a commentary on physical skill-based gambling formats. Gambling Without Guilt: The Legitimization of an American Pastime. Players face a double bind, in that, the more games they wager on, the less likelihood of successfully completing the parlay and the more the payout diminishes in comparison to the true odds. There are generally two types of sports pools; those licensed by provincial governments and run by charities as a fundraiser and those privately organized. Common features of these leagues are (1) a sizable entry fee, (2) a draft, whereby players from the real leagues are selected to make up a participant’s fantasy team, (3) a Commissioner to administer the league rules, settle disputes, arrange for league standings to be posted, etc. Although betting on sports with a bookmaker was illegal, it was a commonplace activity among young males in the larger urban centres (Morton, 2003).

Sports betting was almost exclusively a male preserve because (1) males had easy access to the public spaces where illegal gambling took place (e.g. Annals of the American Academy of Political Social Science, 556, 22-35.

Raffles 43%

Understanding Canadian Sports Lotteries

# Double Play game introduced in Feb. Waltham, MA: Romford Press.

Table 1

As depicted in Table 5, all legal gambling formats are weighted against players “beating the house,” some, more so than others. Problem gambling on the Internet: Implications for Internet gambling policy in North America. Canadian gambling trends and public policy issues. Lem Banker’s Book of Sports Betting. By the end of the 1970s, intense competition for lottery dollars spurred provincial lottery corporations to join forces in an effort to remove the federal government from the business.

Reizner, S. 23.

11/12 correct pays 20 x wager

Canadian law dictates that only provincial governments and licensed charities can run gambling operations. Wood, R. (2007a). (2008). (1983). The sports most likely to attract fantasy league wagering are major league baseball, the National Football League (NFL), the National Basketball Association (NBA) and to a lesser extent the National Hockey League (NHL). Early gambling legislation centered on the prohibition of dice games, unlawful gaming houses and restricted participation in gambling by certain classes of people (e.g., artificers and servants) (Robinson, 1983).

Webb, A. a report prepared for the Canada West Foundation, Calgary, AB.

In addition to offering one-sided odds, lottery corporations impose payout limitations when the aggregate amount of prizes won on any day exceeds $2 million on Pro-Line or $1 million on Over/Under. a variety of sports lotteries were tried throughout the 1970s and 1980s but failed to attract sufficient public interest. Windsor Star, July 3, http//

Goldlist G. (2003). Participants in an NHL play-off draft select players from amongst the 16 play-off teams (usually 10 to 12 players) and the outcome is based on the NHL players scoring statistics. It is important to note that the 43% hold percentage is based on sports lottery play over an entire year and does not mean that consumers face these onerous odds on every bet.

The profit margin extracted by Canadian sports lotteries is extreme in comparison to that earned by legal and illegal bookmakers. (1988). (2005) Member of the Ontario Joint Forces Illegal Gambling Unit, personal interview, Feb. No dice: Violations of the Criminal Code’s gambling exemptions by provincial governments. Tickets are sold for $2 on the outcome of the game; each ticket lists a score (e.g. The difficulty will be in getting provincial governments to provide a betting format that offers fair odds and consumer friendly services (Smith, 1990).

Bookmaking flourishes in the present era of liberalized legal gambling because of a growing public tolerance for minor vices or so-called victim-less crimes and the fact illegal sports betting offers odds advantages vis-a-vis legal sports lotteries, superior service and convenience, and more attractive wagering propositions. Responsible Gaming Council, Toronto, ON.

* (In the case of horse racing, straight win, place or show wagers offer better odds than do so-called exotic wagers (daily doubles, exactas, trifectas, perfectas, etc.).

Labrosse, M. Both Canada’s Attorney General (Rex Jackson, (2008) and Quebec’s Minister of Public Security (Lipton, 2002) have called the Kahnawake operation illegal, yet no legal action has been taken. Las Vegas, NV: GBC Press.

Mantaris, A. Prizes are smaller in these games because there are fewer participants, but the odds of winning are better and there can be an element of skill involved. This game was dropped after several years because it achieved less than half the projected gross revenues of $1 million per week (Labrosse, 1985).

* In 1971 Manitoba instituted a short-lived sports pool based on the results of NHL games.

A common rationale for a government to legalize a new gambling format is that “it will reduce illegal gambling and will divert illegal gambling revenues into the public purse” (Smith Wynne, 1999, 17). The purpose of the pilot project was to determine the viability of the sports lottery scheme; that is, its appeal to sports fans, the comprehensibility of the format, and to what extent, if any, there was public opposition. Harsh measures such as residential schools and the reserve system were designed to break down First Nation traditions. Described below are the basic rules for three of the more popular Canadian sports lottery formats:

10 correct pays 200 x wager

The potential downsides to fantasy sports league participation include: (1) a major commitment of time and money (seasons last for six or more months and devoted players spend hours poring over box scores, watching games on TV and contemplating trade possibilities; activities that can detract from family life and work productivity).(2) While fantasy sports leaguers rarely become problem gamblers, many become jaded about professional sports; for example showing disdain for underperforming players and (in their minds) biased referees and not caring about the final result of a game, only the numbers generated by their players.

The history of Canadian gambling legislation can be separated into three relatively distinct eras: the colonial period (1497-1867), Confederation to modern times (1867-1969) and gambling expansion (1970-present).

The Canadian approach to gambling in the first half of the 20th century was characterized as “unofficial tolerance and official condemnation” (Morton, 2003). This mind set facilitated the practice of sports betting through bookmakers. Williams, R. (1985). Local distributors sold the contraband tickets smuggled in from Ireland for a commission of two free tickets for every twelve sold (Webb, 1968). For example, Nevada’s legal sportsbooks make do on a profit margin of about 5%, while the commission for illegal bookmakers and Internet sports betting operations typically ranges between 5% and 10%. The Legal Status of Lottery Schemes in Canada. (These figures are from one province, Alberta; however, it can reasonably be surmised that sports lottery data from the other provinces is not significantly different).

3 correct pays 4 x wager

* In the fall of 1982 Loto-Quebec launched Hockey-Select, the first game based on predicting the outcome of sporting events. The 1985 amendment created provincial monopolies over gambling and led to widespread profusion of the activity (Brodeur Oullet, 2004). Falling by the wayside in this process, were “historic gaming practices” which the federal government considered to be “illegal and immoral” (Belanger, 2006, 38). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

# of games bet Lottery payout True odds

** (In the case of casinos, each game has different odds; for example, certain blackjack, craps, roulette or baccarat bets have a smaller house edge than do games such as three card or Caribbean poker).

Robinson, R. Sovereignty over Canada was claimed by England in 1553 despite the existence of “New France” communities. Following is a time-line of government sanctioned sports lotteries:

10/12 correct pays 5 x wager

Smith, G. (2001). British Columbia Problem Gambling Prevalence Study, Vancouver, BC.

Table 2

* The broad expansion of legal gambling formats has dissolved public moral sanctions against bookmaking and made Canadians largely indifferent to the activity.

* Alberta Gaming Research Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Gross Sales % returned as prizes

* Gender of players (male 83%) (female 17%)

* Loto-Quebec introduced hockey pools in 1981-82, despite protests from the National Hockey League claiming unauthorized use of the league’s copyrighted logo, schedule and team names. In G. In 1938 an estimated “one-third of Toron–tonians bought Irish Sweepstakes tickets, priced between $2.50 and $3.00 each” (Morton, 2003, 54). These services, which are valued by sports gamblers, are not offered by government run sports lotteries. For example, the odds of winning a two game parlay (in a 50/50 betting proposition) are one in four (1/2 x 1/2), yet the official payout is only twice the wager; in effect, an exorbitant fee is charged the consumer to play the game. Similarly, when a tie game is part of a parlay bet, the tie game is removed from the parlay without penalty and the success or failure of the bet rests on the outcome of the remaining games (Lang, 1992, 21).

* The Canadian Sports Pool Corporation, created by the federal government in the fall of 1983, began offering a game called Sport Select Baseball in May, 1984. The options for internet gambling in Canada. Sports betting accounted for more than half of Internet gambling profits in 2001 (American Gaming Association, 2006). Las Vegas, NV: GBC Press.

Campbell, C., Hartnagel, T. Governments face a dilemma in terms of responding to bookmaking; essentially they have three options (prohibit and strictly enforce, prohibit and loosely enforce or legalize); each creates its own set of social and public policy consequences (Smith, 1990).

Belanger, Y. Sports Betting 101. http://www.american


Osborne, J. Typical parlay bet payouts in Nevada are 6 to 1 on three games, 11 to 1 on four games, 20 to 1 on five games and 500 to 1 on ten games (Manteris, 1991).

American Gaming Association. Gambling and Crime in Western Canada: Exploring Myth and Reality. New Media Society, 9(3), 520-542.

8 correct pays 90 x wager. This is a surprising finding given that Internet sports gambling sites offer much better odds and services (e.g., single event sports betting, proposition bets and higher maximum bets) than the legal Sport Select game discussed earlier, and is legal, whereas betting with a local bookmaker is not. Moreover, any gambling format offered on the Internet would have to be legal in Canada, thus eliminating single event sports betting-a popular form of online gambling that is illegal in Canada (Lipton, 2002).

Sports Pools and Fantasy Sports Leagues

The Irish Sweepstakes was another popular, albeit outlawed, gambling format that involved buying tickets on the results of Irish horse races (prizes often exceeded $100,000), the proceeds of which went to support Irish hospitals. Klein, F. And, so far, there is no indication that the law is interested in penalizing Canadian sports bettors who utilize online services.

COPYRIGHT 2009 ASSER International Sports Law Centre

No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.

10/11 correct pays 15 x wager

Horse racing 80% *

Patrick, T. Payout percentage is the ratio of the amount paid out in prizes compared with the total amount wagered. (1990). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

The Internet was first used by the general public for the business of gambling in 1995, when lottery tickets were sold for the International Lottery in Liechtenstein (Williams Wood, 2007a). Again, all selections must be correct to win.

Pro-Line-players pick anywhere from 3 to 6 games from a game list (available through lottery ticket outlets, daily newspapers or lottery corporation websites), wagering a minimum of $2 to a maximum of $100 (the maximum bet allowed by some lottery corporations is only $25). The Lottery from Jacques Cartier’s Day to Modern Times. Based on the most recent Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission data, the following two tables show player demographics and sports lottery sales trends over the last four years. Sucker bet or sure thing: a critical analysis of sports lotteries. (2000). Report prepared for the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre, Guelph, ON:

Ontario gambling advocates (mainly border casino interests and politicians from those regions) are lobbying for single event sports betting. Many of the formats higher on the payout percentage ladder (for example, bingo, electronic machine gambling and some casino games) are pure luck games, while sports betting supposedly allows for an element of skill (it is certainly marketed as though this was the case); however, with lottery corporations retaining 43% of the sports wagering dollar, no amount of skill can routinely neutralize the government’s advantage. Hockey-Select required bettors to forecast the results of thirteen hockey games played during one week, by picking the winning team or tied games. If any bet loses, the player gets no return. AGA 10th Anniversary White Paper Series. Comartin lobbies to legalize Las Vegas-style sports gambling. Smith, D. Privatizing the Gaming Industry-is it in the Cards? Paper presented at the 2008 Canadian Gaming Summit-Legal and Regulatory Program, Montreal, PQ.

Wood, R. Moreover, unlike Canadian sports lotteries, Nevada sportsbooks do not impose arbitrary loss limits to protect their profits.

Video lottery terminals/slot machines 70%


7 correct pays 50 x wager

Canadian Sports Lottery Payout Ratios for Two Outcome Parlay Games (Point Spread Over/Under)

Pro-Line is more complicated to assess because of the three possible game results; game outcomes are weighted according to what lottery corporation odds makers think is their probability of occurrence. a win ratio in the 58% to 60% range is considered excellent; nevertheless, despite the more rewarding Nevada odds, the point spreads and betting lines are so precise, that even under these circumstances, only a small percentage of those who try, can earn a livelihood through sports betting (Banker Klein, 1986).

Rosecrance, J. The only changes pertaining to sports betting involved horse racing and occurred in the early 1900s; for example, in 1909-10 a Special Committee of the House of Commons was established to inquire into the feasibility of legalizing horse race betting. Notwithstanding the Criminal Code gambling provisions, the Kahnawake First Nation near Montreal, claiming jurisdiction as a “sovereign nation,” has been leasing server space to Internet gambling operations since 1999 and making a profit of $2 million annually. (2008). pool halls, taverns, barber shops); (2) their interest in sports or race horses, ostensibly gave them a degree of expertise in picking winners (Morton, 2003); and (3) sports betting was seen as a test of character; that is, a sphere of activity where valued masculine traits such as decision making, boldness and ‘coolness’ could be displayed (Lyman Scott, 1970; Smith Paley, 2001).

Ironically, parlay betting in Nevada is considered a “sucker play” for two reasons (Rombola, 1984; Manteris, 1991): (1) the poor payout percentages offered compared with individual game bets and (2) the fact that players can win a majority of their picks and still lose; for example, a player who selects four teams correctly in a five game parlay has an 80% win ratio but still loses the bet. (1984). And, because horseracing is under federal jurisdiction, Canadian racetracks are allowed to accept bets placed online. west 21 east 14), those with the correct quarter or half time scores receive lesser prizes and the game winning score a larger prize. (1983). The prize amount is determined by three factors; the amount bet, the number of games selected and the sport wagered on (the outcomes of hockey and baseball games are seen as easier to predict than either basketball or football games, hence the payout is slightly higher for the latter two sports.

Another approach to monitoring illegal gambling in Canada has been the formation of joint forces operations (JFOs). Picking winners against the odds or a point spread is difficult enough by itself, let alone considering the possibility of ties. Mendelsohn, M. Chicago, IL: Henry Regnery Company.

Other popular legal sports betting formats in Canada are sports pools and fantasy sports leagues. Except for raffles and 6/49 lotteries, Canadian sports lotteries keep the highest percentage of dollars wagered. Initially, Sport Select offered consumers a choice of two games: Excel and Pro-Line. Hockey-Select was removed from the market in the spring of 1983 after sales dropped to less than $20,000 per week.

Factors Affecting Prize Amounts and the Ability to Predict Game Outcomes

Copyright 2009 Gale, Cengage Learning. (1991). Obviously the odds of winning are poor and the games usually entirely luck based. In 1910 on-track betting at incorporated race tracks was permitted. It stipulated that for abandoning its lottery operations, the federal government would receive $100 million over three years to help fund the 1988 Calgary Winter Olympics and an annual disbursement of $24 million (adjusted annually for inflation) from the provinces based on a proportion of lottery sales. (2004). a report prepared for the Law Commission of Canada, Ottawa, ON.

* Social networks-players enjoy the competition, bantering and camaraderie among league members and often develop enduring friendships based on their fantasy league involvement.

Canadian Gambling Digest. These changes led to the establishment of lotteries in every province and territory and a separate federal government lottery whose proceeds helped underwrite the 1976 Montreal Olympics. The game was offered in a few strategic locations (major malls in urban centres) and contestants played for free, but could win lottery corporation merchandise such as sports bags, hats and T-shirts. The Legalization of Gambling in Canada. All rights reserved.

Campbell, C. This was a new game to the extent that, in theory, player knowledge could improve one’s chances for success. Also, because of the expansive way that ties are defined; for example, a tie in football is any result decided by three points or less, either way; whereas a tie in basketball is any result decided by five points or less, either way. Patrick (2000) contended that the 1985 amendment allowed the provinces to purchase their gambling monopolies for a $100 million payment to the federal government.

There is no way of accurately knowing how many Canadians partake in these activities; however, provincial studies of citizens’ gambling patterns and behaviors typically show that about 10% of the population report having bet on sports events in the previous year and 2% claim they do it on a weekly basis (Ipsos Reid, 2008). This was a pure luck game because neither the horses in the field nor the numbers they wore in the race were known to bettors in advance; in a ten horse field there are 5,040 possible permutations. Prizes are awarded for all correct picks or for picking winners in 9 of 10, 10 of 11, 10 of 12 or 11 of 12 games. Prizes were allotted based on the horses’ order of finish. (1968). Most participants play because of the low cost and to support the charity, not because they are avid sports fans.

Illegal Sports Gambling

Bingo 65%

Table 5

Harvey, B. (2006). In the case of two outcome games (Point Spread and Over/Under), the payouts are much lower than what the true odds of winning the parlay (1) are. Eade, V. Research and Measurement Issues in Gambling Studies. It was not until 1990 that a workable sports lottery formula was devised. And, in 1920 the suspension of racetrack betting was lifted and the sport reemerged using a pari-mutuel wagering system (Campbell, Hartnagel Smith, 2005).

* In a time of fiscal cutbacks, law enforcement agencies have placed a lower priority on what are perceived to be minor crimes and this policy has caused a reduction in resources for the vice or morality details that deal with illegal gambling.

Many Canadian law enforcement agencies have adopted a policy of benign prohibition toward bookmaking because:

The tie possibility in Pro-Line provides lottery corporations with a powerful edge over the player, because the odds against successfully completing the parlay increase dramatically. (1992). For example, a successful $10 bet on three games with odds of 2.50, 1.70 and 3.55 would produce a win of $150.90 (2.50 x 1.70 x 3.55 x 10). Clements, R. Research paper prepared for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, K Division, Edmonton, AB.

6 correct pays 30 x wager

Despite the seemingly innocuous nature of illegal sports betting, police warn about the adverse side effects of the activity such as organized crime involvement (most Canadian bookmakers are “small time guys with only a few clientele; however, if they get too big they will get a call saying you are now working for organized crime-for a slice of the profits the organized crime group will offer protection”) (Harvey, 2005); loan sharking problems can occur when a sports gambler who has been extended credit is unable to pay off the debt; getting money to pay the loan shark may lead to committing crimes such as shoplifting and selling stolen property, and failure to pay the debt promptly can lead to assault and home invasion.

Sports Lottery Sales and Payout Figures (province of Alberta)

Up until the early 2000s the prevalence of Internet gambling in the general population was well below 2%; however the most recent Canada-wide estimate is 2.3% (Wood, Williams Lawton, 2007). The odds for each outcome are posted on the game list and the expected prize amount for a winning bet is shown on the purchased ticket. Williams (Eds.). Despite well trained staff and excellent resources (government paid salaries, vehicles, office space, etc.), JFOs are hard pressed to make a dent in bookmaking operations because of the sheer volume of activity; the bookmakers use of the latest communications technology; and the lack of strong deterrents (rarely is jail time given for illegal gambling offenses). Williams, R. Montreal, PQ.

What Exists Now

Based on the previously outlined rules, the contents of Table 4 demonstrate why the odds against winning these games are so formidable and why sports knowledge is not enough to regularly overcome these unfair odds. The Book on Bookmaking

NBA Commissioner Adam Silver: Allow Gambling on Pro Games | The Five

I believe we need a different approach.


For more than two decades, the National Basketball Association has opposed the expansion of legal sports betting, as have the other major professional sports leagues in the United States.

By Adam Silver


BETTING on professional sports is currently illegal in most of the United States outside of Nevada. In 1992, the leagues supported the passage by Congress of the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act, or Paspa, which generally prohibits states from authorizing sports betting.


But despite legal restrictions, sports betting is widespread. There is no solid data on the volume of illegal sports betting activity in the United States, but some estimate that nearly $400 billion is illegally wagered on sports each year.


Read more at The New York Times

. Because there are few legal options available, those who wish to bet resort to illicit bookmaking operations and shady offshore websites. It is a thriving underground business that operates free from regulation or oversight

I am reading The Great Gatsby and my teacher wants me to put main themes and symbols in the back of the book. Does anyone know any?

T.J Eckelberg symbolizing the loss of religion (as the eyes fade away throughout the book). I wrote that it symbolizes a goal he (and society) is trying to achieve but will never reach. Use the weather as a symbol or motif rather then a theme.

Here is what I used as my symbols and themes back in high school..I went really well in English so I must have done something right.


- Eyes of Dr. Everyone dances around the fountain symbolizing that they are all chasing the same materialistic goals and are at Gatsby’s parties for decadent desires.

- I also remember writing something about the puppies one of the characters buys..if i remember correctly she chooses a dog who is of a matte color..I can’t really remember the scene I just remember it was significant. This symbolizes the excess wealth and the period of decadence and materialism. If you notice the weather changes according to the mood and context. You might find some of mine on there LOL.

Here are some websites that might help:

The seasons are usually seen as motifs. They also symbolize God looking down at America and judging the characters in the book.

- The light that Gatsby keeps staring at. Review it again and think about it.


The American dream (or loss of/decline of).

The Loss of morality.

Materialism and decadence.. Go to resources bar English English advanced and then just ctrl+f the word Gatsby and find an essay relating to what you need. Which are basically recurring symbols used to emphasize the theme. High school kids post up all their essays and work and basically exchange notes. The last website I gave you is an Australian website. Chasing the dream.

- The fountain at the dance parties

Nevada legalizes online gambling – CBS News

This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. Sandoval had pushed for companies that want to offer online gambling to pay a $500,000 fee, while Horne, in the original bill draft, proposed $1 million.

Under a compromise, the fee was set at $500,000, though it gives the Nevada Gaming Commission authority to change the amount. Brian Sandoval signs Assembly Bill 114, the online gaming bill, on Feb. But when those efforts failed in Congress, Sandoval said Nevada would work toward agreements with other states.

“We have the most mature financial, auditing and collection capabilities, much greater than some of those states, and they have the players,” he said.

© 2013 CBS Interactive Inc. The Senate passed it at midday and sent it to the governor’s desk for signature.

Nevada wanted to beat New Jersey, its East Coast casino rival, to the online gambling punch. Senate and Assembly judiciary committees approved it, sending it to the Assembly where it passed unanimously. The Associated Press contributed to this report.

“It’s imperative for the success of this that we compact with other states because we don’t have a universe of players,” Ernaut said..

He praised legislators for their swift action and commended Assembly Majority Leader William Horne, a Democrat from Las Vegas, for shepherding the bill.

The benefit for other states, he said, is Nevada’s “most mature regulatory infrastructure.”

Horne couldn’t resist at jab at Nevada’s gambling rivals.

Sandoval and Nevada legislative leaders said it was important for Nevada to remain at the forefront of gambling regulation.

Several other states began looking into online gambling after the Department of Justice issued a letter in 2011 stating that the federal Wire Act of 1961, often used to crack down on gambling over the Internet, only applies to sports betting.

“This was a lot of work and it couldn’t have been done without the governor’s leadership and vision,” he said.

Nevada Gov. It sailed through both the Assembly and Senate on Thursday after a joint hearing before the two judiciary committees.

The measure makes Nevada the first state in the country to approve interstate online gaming, notes CBS Las Vegas affiliate KLAS-TV, adding that it was put on the fast track Thursday. All Rights Reserved. 21, 2013 AP

AG Burnett, chairman of the Nevada Gaming Control Board, said the state already has about 20 applications from various operators, equipment and software vendors to be licensed for online gambling.

Gambling regulators will now come up with regulations dictating compact parameters.

CARSON CITY, Nev. “Today I sign into law the framework that will usher in the next frontier of gaming in Nevada.”

Lawmakers in 2011 passed a bill that put Nevada in position to legalize Internet gambling if the federal government sanctioned it. Chris Christie previously vetoed an online wagering bill but has indicated he may sign an amended version next week.

“As to our competitor, New Jersey, they should be accustomed to following Nevada,” he said.

Pete Ernaut, a lobbyist representing the Nevada Resort Association, said expanding the customer base was key.

Horne, in turn, had equal accolades for the Republican governor.

Sandoval, a former chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission added, “This bill is critical to our state’s economy and ensures that we will continue to be the gold standard for gaming regulation.”

“This is an historic day for the great state of Nevada,” Sandoval said, flanked by dozens of state lawmakers. Gov. A renewal fee was set at $250,000.

AB114 authorizes Nevada to enter into compacts with other states to offer Internet poker. Brian Sandoval signed legislation Thursday legalizing online gambling in Nevada, capping a dizzying day at the Legislature as lawmakers passed the bill through the Assembly and Senate as an emergency measure.

Partnering with other states gives Nevada an expanded customer market and provides other states with Nevada’s expertise in gambling regulation.

The bill approved Thursday resolved a disagreement between Horne and the governor’s office over licensing fees. New Jersey Gov

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