PARIS Paris St Germain boosted their Champions League prospects by adding significant weight to their attacking options with the signing of Argentina winger Angel Di Maria from Manchester United on Thursday.
“We have the right team to do better, to win the Champions League,” said PSG president Nasser al Khelaifi. “We know it’s very tough but we want to try and win it, especially now that we have one more player that has won the Champions league.”
He was also instrumental in Argentina’s campaign at the 2014 World Cup, where the Albiceleste reached the final.
The fee is just short of the 64 million euros (45.07 million pounds) Ligue 1 record set by PSG when they bought Uruguay striker Edinson Cavani and the more than 60 million that Monaco paid for Colombia striker Radamel Falcao in 2013.
The French champions, who had their Financial Fair Play restrictions lifted by UEFA last month, have paid 63 million euros for Di Maria according to local media reports.
Di Maria did not join United’s pre-season tour of the United States and on Monday travelled to Doha, Qatar, where PSG’s owners are based, before finalising the deal.
(Additional reporting by Ingrid Melander in Paris and Steve Tongue in London; Editing by Ken Ferris)
Towards the end of the season he was regularly left out by manager Louis Van Gaal, who became resigned to the club taking a heavy loss on the Argentine after shelling out a British record fee of almost 60 million pounds 12 months ago.
The 27-year-old Di Maria, who was looking to end a disappointing stint at United, could partner fellow Argentine Javier Pastore, the duo having been impressive in helping their country reach the final at this year’s Copa America.
PSG have failed to get past the last eight in the Champions League for the last three seasons but with former Real Madrid winger Di Maria, Laurent Blanc’s side will hope to go further.
Di Maria is expected to play on the left wing, which would send Cavani to the right flank with Swede Zlatan Ibrahimovic playing as a lone striker.
Neither Ibrahimovic nor Cavani have won the Champions League but Di Maria was man of the match in the 2014 final when Real Madrid lifted the trophy with a 4-1 win over Atletico Madrid.. I want to bring the maximum … this is what I share with it. to win the Champions League… to go beyond the quarter-finals,” Di Maria told a news conference at his unveiling in Paris.
After an impressive start at Old Trafford last season, with three goals in his first four games, he suffered a two-month injury layoff and failed to score again in the league. “I know that PSG has a very important, very good project ..
m88 He splashed the cash in 2003 to buy Chelsea and has had great success. They are one of the most desirable teams in the world and play a brand of football that is certainly revered amongst other teams in the game. However, they are still in the top 10 in terms of worth.
He owns a pretty low-level Norwegian side but is worth a fortune.
At number 4 we have Arsenal worth an estimated £880 million. They haven’t won a thing for almost eight years now but they are still a Champion’s League side with some impressive names such as Jack Wishere, Olivier Giroud, Theo Walcott, and Lukas Podolski. They certainly have always been a sexy club and they are now the wealthiest club in the world.
In the spirit of the off-season, and because we all need plenty of football reading to keep us sane as we wait for the kick-off to the new Premier League season, here are two for the price of one.
Juventus. With recent victories in the Italian Seria A they are in a strong position.
At number 10, we have the old giant Liverpool Football Club with a worth of around 430 million. Bayern Munich are worth around £860 million and have a fantastic side. They have notable members in their squad such as Fabregas, Xavi, Messi, and Iniesta and are always challenging for the Champion’s League.
At number 5, we have Silvio Berlusconi
At number 5, we have Bayern Munich. In 2011, Mittal was ranked 6th richest person in the whole world. However, Manchester United remain a massive brand that will stand the test of time. He is also the co-founder of the Major League Soccer and many of the clubs in that league.
Al-Thani owned Malaga, which was an exciting prospect for the club. He’s recently been reunited with Jose Mourinho and is splashing the cash on players again.
At number 7, we have Chelsea worth an estimated £595 million. They lost in the German Super Cup but that will not surely make any difference to their success this year.
At number 8, we have Juventus worth an estimated £458 million. They showed that they are a selling team by getting rid of Robin Van Persie but certainly are a good business with a superb fan-base.
So there you have it, your two for an offering. Christiano Ronaldo joined the club for a world record £80 billion and they’re chasing Gareth Bale at the moment. Jose Mourinho surely will only be satisfied if they win the Champion’s League, which will increase the worth still further.
At Number 2, we have Roman Abramovich
At number 1, we have Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Manchester City’s group of owners, the Abu Dhabi United Group has an estimated worth of $31 Billion. If Gareth Bale goes for over a hundred million pounds in the present transfer window, we’ll be set to see a massive competition between Manchester United, Barcelona, Real Madrid, and Bayern Munich to fight to be the supremo of Europe.
At number 9, we have Philip Anschutz
First of all, we’ll have a look at the richest owners of football clubs over the last 10 years. He has an estimated worth of $5.9 Billion.
This is perhaps the most famous rich football club owner in the world. With the return of Jose Mourinho, and players such as Fernando Torres, Peter Cech, Frank Lampard, Eden Hazard, and John Terry, they’re sure to be a challenge to the Premier League again this year. They won the Champion’s League last year and the German League is certainly one of the best if not ‘The’ best in Europe. The Sheikh is deputy Prime Minister and has spent almost half a billion dollars on players at Manchester City. With Robin Van Persie arriving, Wayne Rooney seems out in the cold and has stated that he wants to live. Time will tell however whether David Moyes managed to have the same success as Alex Ferguson had, with title after title since he took over in 1986. AC Milan are reported to be worth around 634 million. Liverpool has certainly lost their status as one of the very biggest clubs in the world over recent years. Since then, he has dropped down the rich list but still QPR are pretty well-off.
At number 9, we have Manchester City worth an estimated 455 million. Guys that have given clubs an unfair advantage and spent ludicrous sums on some pretty average players.
Francois-Henri Pinault is at number 7
At number 2, we have Manchester United worth £2.09 billion. Milan and of course is the former PM of Italy. Their success in the Italian League has been impressive over recent years after some somewhat lowly years.
QPR struggled last year but did have an extremely wealthy owner. PSG are owned by the Qatar Investment Authority, making them the only richer body owning a football club in France.
Usmanov sounds like someone out of Borat The Movie, but in fact he is a member of the Arsenal Board. They’re certainly the desirable club to go for amongst the top players in the world. The club has billions of reasons to be a major force in the game, and is set to continue to be so as they continue to spend and spend.
The Anzhi’s owner is indeed a super rich billionaire. They also have Kaka, Karim Benzema, Iker Casillas, and a host of other talents. They have a long history of success and a massive fan-base. They have some brilliant names in their club such as Mario Balotelli and Robinho. The richest owners over the last decade and the wealthiest clubs in the world. If you look back at their historical player list you’ll see Ronaldo, Figo, Carlos, Cannavaro, Beckham, and Zidane. Notable names on their team sheet include Yaya Toure, Sergio Aguero, and Carlos Tevez, who again may be leaving. With the Luis Suarez affair continuing, and him threatening to sue the club if they don’t let him move to Arsenal, there could be more damage to the brand. They have the brilliant Italian keeper Buffon, the play maker Pirlo, and Paul Pogba. Manchester City have had massive success and, as we saw earlier, have spent half a billion pounds on players over recent years.
At number 1, and narrowly pipping Manchester United, is Real Madrid worth £2.18 billion. He’s a minority shareholder, so in reality he doesn’t make a massive difference to the club.
At number 10, we have John Freriksen
He is the LA Galaxy owner who of course brought David Beckham to the club. He quickly lost all interest in the club and now it is riddled with debt and Sheikh is nowhere to be seen.
At number 4, we have Sheikh Abdullah Al-Thani
At number 3, we have Sultan Kerimov
Let’s move on to list 2–the top ten richest clubs in the world.
At number 8, we have Alisher Usmanov
At number 6 is Lakshmi Mittal
At number 3 we have FC Barcelona worth a massive £1.72 billion.
He is the Stade Rennais’ owner and the richest sole owner in French football. He bought people such as Roberto Carlos, Samuel Eto’o, and Christopher Samba and has also put millions into the infrastructure of the club.
At number 6 we have AC Milan. It isn’t as lucrative as the Premier League but with players such as Mario Gomez, Thomas Muller, Manuel Neuer, Robben, and Franck Riberyy, Bayern Munich are sure to be a brilliant team again this year. It’s certainly a time of transition for Manchester United but they still have many stars.
There are 24 athletes in total, of which Zlatan Ibrahimovic ranks above all at 89. Zlatan is followed closely by Thiago Silva at 88 who is then followed by Edinson Cavani and Angel Di Maria who are both at 85.. This time they have listed down every player that is a part of Paris Saint-Germain [PSG].
Game releases on September 22, 2015 for PlayStation 4, PlayStation 3, Xbox One, Xbox 360, Android, iOS and Microsoft Windows.
On the lower end they have Presnel Kimpembe at 60, Hervin Ongenda and Jean-Kevin Augustin at 69.
For the rest of the athletes as well as detailed FIFA 16 player ratings of these, check out each one of them in the gallery below.
Also, Barcelona and Real Madrid player ratings were also revealed by the developers recently where Ronaldo at 93 is topped by Messi at 94. Last but not the least, FIFA 16 player ratings for the Ultimate Team Legends can be found here.
EA Sports has been sharing details on the players that are going to be a part of the game by sharing official FIFA 16 player ratings for different clubs. Here are the rest of them.
If you want to look past Paris Saint-Germain [PSG], EA Sports has also listed the 50 top rated players that are going to grace the game
m88 The Club is owned by the US-based Glazer family, owners of the NFL team, Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Worldwide Consumer Products. For the first time ever, all sixty-four FIFA World Cup matches were broadcast live to millions of households. continues to soar. We intend to build the awareness and fan base of the clubs we represent just as we do for our movies and television shows all over the world.”
About FC Barcelona
Over the past three years, WBCP has forged new ground in the realm of soccer licensing, including representation of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the UEFA Euro 2008(TM), the Mexico National Team and A.C. “Manchester United has a huge following in the region and is keen to extend its reach in this increasingly important market for world soccer. Milan, among others. The club’s theme is “Mes que un club” (More than a club).
Paris Saint-Germain (PSG) is one of the best supported soccer clubs in France.
“These are prestigious clubs that we are adding to our already broad soccer portfolio,” said Jordan Sollitto, Executive Vice President of International Licensing and New Business Initiatives, Warner Bros. Its spectacular playing style has created a global fan base that reaches from the Americas to Asia and has been characterized by mystic figures of soccer: Kubala, Cruyff, Maradona, Romario, Rivaldo and now Ronaldinho. We very much look forward to this exciting cooperation.”
About Manchester United
FC Barcelona is one of the greatest soccer clubs in the world, with a history of 107 years since its foundation in 1899 by the swiss Joan Gamper. Consumer Products, a Warner Bros. “This agreement gives us the opportunity to develop our fan relationships even further.”
About Paris Saint-Germain
Tourists visiting Paris also appreciate the club because of its iconic logo featuring the city’s most famous landmark, the Eiffel Tower. Their soccer team, Juventus, has become a symbol of success in Italy and internationally. The club has been the most successful club in the UK over the last 15 years, collecting eight Premiership titles and the European Cup under the stewardship of their legendary manager, Sir Alex Ferguson. Consumer Products
Manchester United is the most watched soccer team in the world. Several high-profile players including Ronaldinho, Rafael Marquez, Wayne Rooney, Cristiano Ronaldo and Pedro Pauleta play for these highly-regarded European soccer clubs and were some of the biggest names during the recent World Cup. This agreement represents a big step forward for all four clubs.”
“Millions of fans in the Americas are following the Premier League and the best European soccer every week,” said David Gill, CEO of Manchester United plc. Their black and white jersey (hence the “Bianconeri” nickname for the team) is yet another symbol of Italian style and elegance. The club, UEFA Champions-League title holders and winner of the last two years’ Spanish league, is not only active in the sporting field with several professional sports (soccer, basketball, handball, etc.), but also has a strong social responsibility that goes beyond the pure sports activity.
BURBANK, Calif.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Aug. The broad licensing program will include leisure apparel and accessories, toys and games, housewares and domestics, stationery, gifts and collectible items, among other key categories. “FC Barcelona is touring the States this Summer and it is clear that there is massive support for Barca and other leading European clubs.
“WBCP has long been one of the most successful entertainment licensing enterprises and with our global infrastructure we have the unique ability to create a licensing and merchandising program that speaks directly to soccer fans,” said Brad Globe, President, Warner Bros.
“Soccer is developing so rapidly around the world and nowhere is that more obvious than in the Americas,” said Esteve Calzada, CMO of FC Barcelona. Entertainment Company, is one of the leading licensing and retail merchandising organizations in the world.
Passion and tradition. FC Barcelona is the club that has most members and one of the most impressive track records in winning titles.
“This is a huge step for Paris Saint-Germain and a big opportunity for us to develop and grow our club in the Americas,” said Alain Cayzac, President of Paris Saint-Germain.
About Warner Bros. The club’s stadium is the beautiful and historically important “Parc des Princes” with 48 000 seats, the second biggest stadium in France. PSG is also very well known for including some of the world’s greatest players on the team over the last decade, like David Ginola, Rai, George Weah, Nicolas Anelka, Ronaldinho, Pedro Pauleta… The history and legend of the club is inextricably connected to the Agnelli family, the entrepreneurs at the helm of Italian global icons such as Fiat or Ferrari.
About Juventus FC
This new deal grants WBCP the rights to license, manufacture, distribute, promote and sell club-branded merchandise throughout the Americas. These are some of the most important ingredients for soccer greatness. Greater access to outstanding soccer matches from around the globe, along with an unprecedented number of pre-season tours by leading European club teams has fueled the demand and the passion of millions of fans. Consumer Products (WBCP) as the clubs’ Master Licensee for the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, Brazil and the rest of South America. “We’re excited to work with great partners and apply our expertise and creativity to develop product that will expand the fan base of these highly successful soccer brands.”
“Juventus has always enjoyed the support of millions of fans in the Americas,” said Jean-Claude Blanc, Chief Executive and General Manager, Juventus FC. “Soccer merchandising is a fast growing business for us and nowhere is the going-forward opportunity more exciting than right here in the United States. The philosophy of attractive and offensive play has specifically won the support of the youth, to whom stars like Ronaldinho, Eto’o and Messi are role models and idols. “We are all aware of the increasing popularity of the game of soccer in the region and of the support there for the leading European teams. Consumer Products. We are delighted to be part of what is a very substantial initiative.”
Warner Bros. Last season, Paris Saint-Germain won the French Cup for the seventh time, in one of the most memorable finals the country has seen, when it defeated its biggest rival in France, Olympique de Marseille.
The popularity of soccer in the U.S. As the youngest club in the French league, established in 1970, PSG has great European awareness thanks to its fantastic run of success in European competition in the mid 1990s with six consecutive semi-finals and two finals. WBCP will utilize their creative licensing and merchandising expertise to develop a complete range of licensed products. With an estimated 75 million fans globally, its reach is unsurpassed, with the official website receiving hits from two million unique users every month. There is no doubt Juventus was granted both, making it the most successful team in the “calcio,” the renowned Italian championship. 2, 2006–Top European soccer clubs, FC Barcelona, Juventus FC, Manchester United and Paris Saint-Germain announced today the appointment of Warner Bros. The club won its first European Title in 1996
m88 i believe he underachieved in the European Cup. Obviously a lot of credit has to go to the scouts and youth coaches too. You have to win the big competitions. His Aberdeen side won 3 Scottish championships, 4 Scottish cups and a league cup, all won within his 8 year spell at the manager. 5 FA Cups, 4 League Cups and 2 European Champions League trophies. Ironically once Cantona retired, Fergie finally gained the European success at United he craved.
Fergie can also be credited with bringing through a talented stream of youth players. Fergie believes in control and discipline. So Fergie, in his 26 years at United we can remove 4 when he wasn’t allowed to be in Europe. His trophy count outstrips them massively. Indeed the so-called “Class of ’92″ which included Ryan Giggs, Paul Scholes, Beckham and the Nevilles is rare in British football. United’s goalkeeper Edwin Van der Sar had went the wrong way!
Fergie’s greatest success was with Aberdeen. Domestic Success
This is the foundation ofFergie’s reputation. The number of trophies he won both at Manchester United and more impressively at Aberdeen is not debatable. He contested 4 European cup finals in total winning 2. It is one of British sports great “What If” questions to imagine what Fergie would have achieved at Aberdeen? What would Scottish football have been like in the 1990s? And what would Manchester United, Sky Sports, and the English Premiership have been like without Fergie and his all-conquering United side?. He knew Cantona was the best player in his team and he would do anything to keep him at the club. This ban was lifted in 1990 and Fergie won the Cup Winner’s Cup in 1991 at the first time of asking when United beat Barcelona 2-1. Brian Clough won 2 with little Nottingham Forest! Bob Paisley won 3 European Cups in a very short spell. So Fergie didn’t even have to win the league!
To be considered the very best then you have to prove it. In 2008 in the first all English final in Moscow, Chelsea’s captain John Terry had a penalty kick to win the trophy but he slipped and hit the post. His longevity at United is comparable to the likes of Brian Clough (Nottingham Forest), Matt Busby (Manchester United) and Jim McLean (Dundee United). This is an impressive success rate over a sustained period in charge of a football club. He has let many players who did not agree with his view go. Critics of the Scottish league would say that for Jock Stein or Walter Smith to win many championships at Celtic and Rangers is down to the lack of competition in a ‘poor’ Scottish league, then one could argue that Fergie may not have had a great deal of competition too. It could also be argued that when the European Cup was revamped to the Champions League he gained an advantage previous British and European managers never had. However it could be argued that he had a greater competitive advantage over his rivals for a longer period than these managers due to Manchester United’s rise as a global superpower. The Glasgow clubs have a duopoly on Scottish titles and cups with almost 100 league titles between them in around 120 years of competition. Fergie broke this mould along with to a lesser extent Jim McLean at Dundee United. However, his greatest achievement was actually ending the Old Firm dominance of Scottish Football by Celtic and Rangers. His first final in 1999 saw United trail Bayern Munich 1-0 as the game went into injury time. Remarkably United scored twice in 3 minutes from David Beckham corners to pip the Germans. This was true at Aberdeen and again at United. Possibly the only depth of young talent to come through in bulk like that were the Busby Babes of the 1950s and the Quality Street kids of the late 60s and early 70s at Celtic.
Over 22 years of leading United into Europe, Fergie would have to have won 4 or 5 European Cups to merit the “Greatest Ever” tag. If we include non-British managers then Jose Mourinho has won 2 in the space of 12 years already and with different clubs (Porto and Internazionale). It is often overlooked that United outspent many rivals in the late 80s and early 90s. Pep Guardiola won 2 with his superb Barcelona team in just 4 seasons.
Pantheon of Greats
Without question Sir Alex Ferguson is an all time great. He had a financial superiority over his domestic rivals for years until Chelsea turned up in 2004 under Russian oligarch Roman Ambramovitch. David Beckham, Jaap Staam, and Roy Keane are three such high-profile cases. And 2 European Cup Winners Cup (1 with United and 1 with Aberdeen).
Fergie won 2 European Cups in 22 years. Blackburn Rovers and their millionaire owner Jack Walker ‘bought success’ when they won the title in 1995. If you are unlucky and lose a few times in the big events (Jimmy White was a perennial loser in snooker’s World Championship and golfer Colin Montgomerie may have won 8 European Order of Merits but he could never win a major championship and there are 4 a season in golf) then you are atalented person or coach but you are not the best.
The 2 wins Fergie achieved were also in very dramatic circumstances and could easily have went the other way. This may impress some, but if he was the manager of Ipswich Town or Sunderland and had done this, then it is an impressive record. However hiscontrol was found lacking during Eric Cantona’s infamous ‘kung fu’ kick at a spectator. Fergie broke his own rule. This is perhaps a tad unfair, but when we go into Europe it does hold.
Fergie took over at United in 1986 when English clubs were banned from Europe. But United outspent them over the 1990s.
Fergie won 2 European Cups in 22 years. And I’ll tell you why.
First of all let’s look at his methods. More than 1 team from each country could now contest the big prize. But as manager of Manchester United – “The Biggest Club in the World” then it doesn’t look so good. However only 2 wins in European football’s premier competition in 26 years shows he cannot be classed as the best.
Manchester United’s former manager, Sir Alex Ferguson is the greatest manager in the history of football. He took the club from Scotland’s oil capital and won the 1983 European Cup Winner’s Cup in the Swedish city of Gothenburg against the mighty Real Madrid. Perhaps Fergie was coming to achieve the dominance he craved near the end of his career as from 2008-11 he reached 3 out of 4 European finals, an achievement if he had sustained earlier then he would have become the all time best.
This is where domestic trophies should always be discounted when we discuss the best managers. He was outspent in his early years by the likes of Juventus and Real Madrid but in his later years he could attract the likes of Cristiano Ronaldo away from the European giants to play for him at Old Trafford.
Sir Alex, or ‘Fergie’ as he is known, is one of the greatest managers in British football, but when you considerdifferent judging criteria he comes up short as the best of all time. This goes for any sport. He has won 13 Premier League championships with United. However he contested 8 European Cup semi finals, again winning 4
12bet The Toffees recorded a 2-0 win in their home match last season against the Merseysiders, but that Liverpool was a beleaguered side struggling to recover from off-field ownership wrangles at the club.
In contrast, Liverpool won three against Bolton Wanderers at the end of last month and Wolves and Brighton last weekend. The last game these teams met in the Premier League was at the beginning of this year January at Anfield ended in a 2-2 draw. Furthermore, The Toffees was surprisingly beaten two goals at the hands of Manchester City on 24th September at the Etihad Stadium while Man City have never defeated Everton in the Premier League after conceding the opening goal, losing 13 and drawing two of those 15 games. Everton are looking to recover from their 2-0 defeat at the Etihad Stadium while Liverpools players are trying their best to become the winner against the Toffees after their 2-1 win over Wolves at Anfield.
Before, two clubs had five head-to-head games: four of them are in English Premier League and one in FA Cup. The Reds lost their winning in two English Premier League matches ahead of Stoke City and Tottenham also in this month.
Liverpool: Reina, Kelly, Carragher, Skrtel, Jose Enrique, Kuyt, Lucas, Adam (Gerrard 67), Downing (Bellamy 67), Suarez, Carroll.
Andy Carroll of Liverpool celebrates with his team mates after he scores the opening goal
Actually, The Toffees have only lost one of their last 14 Premier League games at Goodison Park
71′ [0-1] Andy Carroll
Jack Rodwell of Everton is shown a red card by Referee Martin Atkinson after fouling Luis Suarez during the English Premier League match Everton vs Liverpool at Goodison Park on 1st October 2011.
Everton vs Liverpool 0-2 Highlights
Steven Gerrard comes on as a 67th-minute substitute for team mate Charlie Adam
Everton vs Liverpool 2011 Highlights: The game takes place in week seven of the Premier League at Goodison Park on Saturday 1st October 2011
Lineups :. This is a shock loss for both Everton F.C and fans around the world.
Everton vs Aston Villa September 2011 highlights
82′ [0-2] Luis Surez
The EPL match of Everton vs Liverpool takes place at Goodison Park at 12:45 PM BST on 1st October 2011. Everton gained the victory at two matches: one in Feb 2009 and one in Oct 2010 while Liverpool also won two times.
At the last five games, Everton performed quite well when winning three against Blackburn Rovers and Wigan Athletic in EPL and West Bromwich in CCUP; drawing one match against Aston Villa with the score 2-2 some weeks ago
12bet unlike the majority of Bayern’s forwards, Özil has no defensive appetite and although Arjen Robben and Franck Ribéry are both in their 30s they are surely preferable to Özil on the Bayern wing.
David de Gea enjoyed the game of his life against Everton eight days ago
Özil has been in insipid form for Arsenal this year
United will have to brace themselves for similar stories cropping up in the Madrid press unless they agree a new deal with the brilliant goalkeeper, 24 next month.
Newcastle just can’t quit Andy Carroll and they could have him for as little as £6m in January; West Ham have grown that weary of the beanpole striker’s injuries.
. Even if it reprieves Wayne Rooney again.
Benfica’s 20-year-old midfielder Fábio Sturgeon is a Liverpool target, Tottenham are monitoring Toulouse’s £5m-rated striker Wissam Ben Yedder and, last and very much least, Arsène Wenger wants to keep Lukas Podolski.
Mesut Özil’s miserable year has all but ended with a knee injury but there could be a flicker of light at the end of the tunnel being shone by Bayern Munich.
No, we can’t believe it either, but the Monday rumour is Arsenal are prepared to take a £12.4 million hit on the Germany international by selling him to Bayern for £30m. The Spain skipper is fortunate to have started the season for both club and country but 86% of Marca readers voted for De Gea to start ahead of Casillas in Luxembourg last night, three days after Spain’s defeat to Slovakia.
Would Pep Guardiola want Özil? Probably not. One Spaniard United might not be as fussed about leaving is Juan Mata, especially when the interested club is Juventus.
It sounds disingenuous to label Mata, United’s club-record buy nine months ago and scorer of eight goals in 20 matches, as a “makeweight”, but if Arturo Vidal or Paul Pogba are part of the deal few United supporters are likely to have any complaints. Özil’s productivity in Arsenal red has been mainly restricted to his first three months at the club and a spell on the sidelines could be viewed as a positive, rather than a negative, by Arsène Wenger.
David de Gea belatedly replaced Iker Casillas in the Spain side on Sunday night and he could do likewise at club level, too.
De Gea’s Manchester United contract expires in 2016, when Casillas will be 35
m88 the Blues have been occasionally linked with the midfielder throughout the summer, but nothing concrete has materialised. It’s a hefty sum, but I’m not complaining. Despite being adamant that the defender is not leaving Goodison Park, Roberto Martinez is apparently considering moves for the likes of Ashley Williams as replacements for Stones. All indications are that Stones won’t be a Toffees player come September. Galatasaray are looking for something nearer the £10million mark. Thanks for sticking with me throughout the ordeal, I could not have done it without your support/pageviews.
After confirming the arrival of Baba Rahman, Chelsea have been told to increase their offer should they want to sign Alex Telles, reports The Express.
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The transfer season is in full swing, so let’s take a look at what transfer rumours concerning Chelsea FC are flying around the press this morning.
I am celebrating here at the daily rumour round-up. The Metro claims that Chelsea are still interested in signing Real Madrid’s Isco. Bear in mind that these are indeed only rumours so take them with a pinch of salt. The performances of the Blues thus far have underlined the need for defensive reinforcements, and they apparently had a £5million bid rejected last week. Nevertheless in a period starved of any proper football action, what do fans have left to do but speculate?
Which one of these rumours do you see as plausible? Which ones do you really want to come true? Get involved and sound off in the comments below!
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. Everton are preparing for a future without John Stones, writes The Daily Star. Now it appears as though they are readying a bid in the region of £30million to bring him to Stamford Bridge. After literally weeks, months even, of writing about the potential arrival of Abdul Baba Rahman, he has finally arrived.
That’s the rumour round-up for the day. Furthermore, most of the sources are British tabloid papers which are notorious for making up random stories in order to give their journalists something to do
m88 communication and engagement with the fans is a crucial part of club’s media departments.
German Bundesliga is traditionally considered as one of the TOP 5 leagues in Europe and clubs from this league attract some serious audience on the social networks. First place goes to the experienced Bayern midfielder Xabi Alonso (@XabiAlonso) with 8.8 million followers. Borussia Dortmund leader Marco Reus (@woodyinho) takes the fifth place in this list with 1.9 million followers.
Bundesliga compared to other leagues
If we compare the numbers of Twitter followers of the TOP 5 European football leagues, we can see that the German Bundesliga is placed third with 891K followers. He’s followed by his team-mates – Manuel Neuer (@Manuel_Neuer) with 2.5 million followers, Thiago Alcantara (@Thiago6) with 2.5 million followers and Mario Götze (@MarioGoetze) with 2.2 million followers. Five Bundesliga clubs (Werder Bremen, HSV, Bayer Leverkusen, Mainz 05 and Paderborn) don’t have a channel on YouTube, so no subscribers for them there. Hardest part is to attract subscribers for clubs at their YouTube channels. The world of football isn’t any exception here. Football clubs all around the world are trying to build their public image and raise their popularity not only with a great results on football pitch, but also through social networks. Others attract only a relatively small number of subscribers, only Bayern has managed to get past 100K subscribers mark.
Situation is similar if we look on the most popular Bundesliga players on Twitter. Borussia Dortmund keeps the second spot with 1.47 million followers on Twitter, 12 million Likes on Facebook and 94K subscribers on YouTube. Bayern and Borussia have a serious gap, as Schalke 04 (250K followers on Twitter, 2.5 million Likes on Facebook, 48K subscribers on YouTube) and other teams have a far smaller auditory.
As you can see in video below, biggest auditory can be found on Facebook, where clubs have from 101K (Paderborn) to 27 million (Bayern) Likes.
It’s quite hard to imagine modern day life without the internet and social networks. In comparison, Barclays Premier League page has been Liked more than 29 million times, Italian Serie A got almost 3 million Likes, French Ligue 1 has 1.5 million Likes, but Spanish La Liga official page has only 430K Likes.
. Bayern Munich is far the most popular Bundesliga club on Twitter (1.86 million followers), Facebook (27 million Likes) and YouTube (290K subscribers). In this post you’ll see the comparison of numbers of followers that German clubs have managed to attract to their social network profiles.
Overall, situation in Bundesliga isn’t too surprising. Bundesliga official page has 2.5 million Likes. Bayern and Borussia Dortmund players are the most popular ones. It has less followers than Barclays Premier League (7.7 million), Spanish La Liga (950K) and more than Italian Serie A (388K) and French Ligue 1 (182K).
m88 john Terry and Frank Lampard (10) have had the most Soccer Worldcup appearances of the Three Lions’ soccer team.
Does the England Soccer Team Have What It Takes for the 2010 Soccer Worldcup?
by: Stewart Rigley
The Champion Soccer Worldcup Players
England FIFA Soccer Worldcup Accomplishments
- On October 8, 2005, England started a succession of ten consecutive victories in FIFA World Soccer qualifiers. As a player for Italy, Capello’s greatest game was ironically in 1973 against England at Wembley. Their failure to qualify in three world soccer qualifying games has also impacted the team’s overall success.
- England’s entrance to Soccer Worldcup was in 1950 in Brazil and since then they have taken part in 11 global showpieces. Front-man Peter Crouch is not to be excluded with his four strikes in as many games and Tottenham’s Jermain Defoe flaunting his skill with 3 goals in only 135 minutes of play. With a new spark of possibility for the Three Lions’ squad, the team needs to recuperate their image. However this victory is now a distant recollection as the team failed to attest their cup as presumed, in 1970. England’s solitary Soccer Worldcup triumph was a home win in 1966. Known for his authoritarian style, Capello has had a considerable effect on the England soccer team and has reshaped them from a situation of desolation to one of hope as they enter the South Africa Worldcup 2010 as true candidates.
But, following a wave of inferior performance under Sven-Goran Eriksson and Steve McClaren, there seems to be a new lift of energy in the team thanks to coach Fabio Capello. Supporting goal scorers are midfielders Steven Gerrard (3) and Frank Lampard (4). Their first and only win was on home ground in 1966.
Manchester United forward Wayne Rooney has presented immense commitment and is the leading goal scorer having scored 9 goals in 9 matches. However this came to an immediate end on October 10, 2009 when they were defeated 1-0 by Ukraine.
Fabio Capello was born on June 18, 1946 in San Canzian d’Isonzo, Italy and has been awarded numerous honors including multiple Serie A and La Liga titles. With their present display of confidence and the fact that the weather conditions throughout the South Africa Worldcup 2010 will be to their benefit, England absolutely stand a chance of at least gaining a semi-final place.
fun88 the way Swansea keeps the ball is unbelievable.
But that has not happened so, at the moment, I’m just concentrating on Tottenham.
Tottenham have been falling in form and the long term future of manager Harry Redknapp continues to be questioned with the England hoping to steal him away at the first opportunity they are allowed.
The last few weeks have seen high flying Spurs knocked off their high horse as London rivals Arsenal over took them in third place while Chelsea are knocking on the door of their fourth place spot.
However, despite all of the current press around him supporting his current club, there is a high likelihood that Bale could head to Spain this summer according to the Telegraph.
If you are talking about Barcelona or Real Madrid, two of the biggest clubs in the world, then it’s a bit like Harry [Redknapp] and England, it’s a once-in-a-lifetime dream.
We saw the results on Saturday and we knew what a massive win it was for QPR to beat Arsenal.
I wouldn’t blame him for going. That gave us the opportunity to get back level and maybe even go above them.
If you said to any young player that you could play for Barcelona or Real Madrid would they turn it down? Probably not.
Tottenham’s Gareth Bale looks like he could be succumbing to the draw of both Real Madrid and FC Barcelona.
Metro quoted Bale as looking at a move to either Real Madrid or Barcelona as a dream:
But we showed what we can do against a great footballing side like Swansea and hopefully that will put pressure on the others.”
. But he is a great manager and if England do come calling it’s one of those lifetime opportunities that you just can’t turn down.
We had to work so hard. The first claiming that the sale of several promising Barca youngsters would fund a move for Bale, while another claimed that the Catalan club had already watched the Welsh youngster on seven occasions.
They’ve been fantastic this season, but we showed our true class and what attacking class we have.
Clearly it’s going to be his choice and only he knows whether he wants the job or not, if it is the dream job for him.
We all want Harry to stay. You never know if that opportunity will ever come around again.
We’ve been playing well recently, but we’ve had a lot of bad luck.
If a bid was accepted you would obviously have to seriously consider it.
Inter Milan are also believed to be chasing him according to the same Metro article as it is believed it will take a bid in the range of at least £40 million to take the Welshman away from White Hart Lane.
Bale has been quoted as stating that Redknapp should take the England job according to The Sun:
Bale’s recent heroics to help lift Spurs back to within a goal of third place after this weekend’s victory over Swansea City had him claiming that the club was in deed back on task as he was quoted once more in The Sun:
Bale was linked to a move to Barcelona back in February of this year by the Daily Mail on two separate occasions
That was before online bookmakers offered odds on anything and everything, from match results and goals scored to which team will win the coin toss or take the first corner, and before their relentless advertising.
Sports and gambling have, of course, long gone together, feeding off each other’s success and growth. But I mean you’re talking about one of the biggest, powerfulest jobs in football and all you’re getting to hear about is Paddy Power.”
Sport “matters more when there’s money on it,” it says. There’s nothing funny about the gambling industry’s latest wheeze to sink its teeth even deeper into football and its fans.
Whoa. This was about making a splash. Villa’s shirt sponsor is dafabet, a name that works better in Chinese, where “dafa” means “big wealth.” Stoke and Burnley players are billboards for แทงบอลออนไลน์ Bet365 and Fun88 (another name that plays on the Chinese word to get rich).. In the UK, which liberalized gambling advertising in 2007, adults’ exposure to gambling commercials on television soared five-fold in eight years to 2012, regulator Ofcom found. FIFA’s election and ethics rules will almost certainly keep him off the May ballot. After Thursday’s passing of the entry deadline, “Team Ginola” should fade away.
That is the message that football, more than most other sports, is mainlining into our homes, helped by names like Ginola and teams lending their cachet, stadiums, jerseys and players to the industry that had cash to splash when the 2008 financial crisis hobbled other sponsors.
“It just makes like a mockery of football.”
Bet. It reads like a plug for Fifty Shades of Grey.
One of those is Kevin Twaddle, a former player for Motherwell and other Scottish clubs who told his story in the biography, “Life On The Line: How to Lose a Million and So Much More.” He no longer gambles and has delivered talks to other players about the risks.
But the targets were our wallets and spending habits, not our hearts. Bet again. Bet some more.
And that isn’t funny at all.
But gambling advertising wasn’t as in-your-face as now. Write to him at email@example.com or follow him at http://twitter.com/johnleicester
PARIS – Don’t laugh. “It’s great for Paddy Power. In pocketing 250,000 pounds (335,000 euros; US$375,000) from bookmaker Paddy Power for this stunt, Ginola became the latest Trojan horse in the gambling and gaming industry’s creeping and creepy embrace of football.
Ginola has zero chance of unseating Sepp Blatter.
All this in a sport grappling with the increasing danger of gambling-related match-fixing and with ample examples of gambling-addicted players who frittered away their wealth.
But that’s not the point here. “There’s more passion, more pleasure and more pain.”
Twaddle takes a very dim view of Ginola’s Paddy Power-backed grab for FIFA.
“I’m here today to talk about love” were the Frenchman’s seductive opening words at his campaign launch in London this month.
And how about this blurb from Sky Bet, title sponsor since 2013 of England’s three divisions below the Premier League. What ever happened to sport for sport’s sake, for the buzz of competition, not a bet? How quaint. The increase was three-fold for children aged 4-15.
We’re talking here about David Ginola. Tuning in for results of football betting pools, which offered big jackpots for small stakes, was a Saturday afternoon ritual for many 20th Century English families.
“It’s an absolute disgrace,” he said in a phone interview. Hull against Aston Villa on Feb. So silky as a player for Newcastle and Tottenham; so ridiculous now with his car-crash campaign for the FIFA presidency.
Imagine, for a moment, a Paddy Power-financed FIFA president. It won’t happen; FIFA’s ethics rules should see to that. 10 will pit two Asian online bookmakers against each other. That much was clear from the Paddy Power branding.
“It’s eyeballs we’re after,” 12Bet executive Rory Anderson, quoted in the Daily Mail, said when the online bookmaker became the name on Hull City’s shirt for this Premier League season.
Asking your kids to make tea during half-time breaks won’t shield them from the bombardment, not with gambling ads flashing throughout matches on pitch-side light-boards. But the mere thought of the gambling industry even attempting to place a stooge at the very top of football makes the prospect of another Blatter term seem perhaps not quite so bad.
John Leicester is an international sports columnist for The Associated Press
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Roman Abramovich authorised Chelseas vote of confidence in Jos Mourinho after becoming concerned about the managers mental state after last weekends 3-1 home defeat by Southampton. On a mixed day for the Chelsea manager he was charged by the FA for suggesting referees are afraid to give decisions to Chelsea in the same outburst and
Chelsea issued a strongly worded statement offering their full support for Mourinho yesterday afternoon in direct response to his extraordinary seven-minute post-match rant, during which he invited speculation surrounding his future by warning the club not to sack the best manager they have ever had.
Despite their weak group, the teams tough character and stifling defense have been showcased in each of their matches so far in the tournament.
History Exerts Pressure
The only sources of pressure on Uruguay going into the current match-up stem from being the only remaining South American team in the tournament, and the specter of their rich history having won the first World Cup in 1930 and again in 1950.
The first game of the World Cup 2010 semi-final pits the lone remaining South American team in the tournament, Uruguay, against a dangerous attacking Netherlands team. Going into the match, the Dutch will be the favorite and this will put more pressure on them.
Uruguay has built their confidence throughout group play and have shown flashes of brilliant attacking play throughout the tournament so far. This should allow them to play loose and take chances against the favored Dutch side.
Uruguay will also be without 21-year-old star midfielder Nicolas Lodeiro because of an injured foot. Suarez was tied for Uruguays leading scorer of the tournament with Diego Forlan and this will pose some challenges for Uruguay against the Dutch.
Netherlands also has the added pressure of having built a reputation of being the best team never to win a World Cup. Fucile received his second yellow card of the tournament during the quarterfinal match and has to sit out the semifinal. The drama will play out Tuesday, July 6, 2010, at 1:30pm EST in Capetown.
Uruguay are the Underdogs
Uruguay enters the semifinal as the underdog in this match after advancing through one of the easier groups. They became the first team in history to come from behind to beat the top ranked Brazilians in their quarterfinal match, sending one of the favored teams home with their tails between their legs. Uruguays team captain, defender Diego Lugano will be a game time decision as he fights to recover from an injured knee.
Netherlands On a Roll
Netherlands comes into the match with a perfect record in international matches over the last 2 years. As Van Marwijk explains, It has now been two years that I have been trying to get the players to understand that in order to be world champions, they must shine regularly without ever letting up. Add to this the underdogs penchant to see the coverage of the match as disrespect and Uruguay enters the match with a lot of the intangibles going them.
Uraguayan Lineup Changes
Going into the semifinal, Uruguay will be missing 3 players. The target, to be crowned champions, is not yet achieved.”
. Suarez received a red card for his intentional goal line hand ball to prevent Ghana from scoring a winning goal at the end of the overtime period. The combination of coming of the emotion of upsetting the Brazilians and the added pressure of coming up empty in 8 World Cup appearances may give the Uruguayans a psychological advantage.
Dutch Coach Limiting Distractions
Traditionally, the Dutch team has been volatile with lots of internal conflicts. Tough defending, great transition play from offense to defense and back to offense, and creative attacking have marked their World Cup resume.
Dutch Emerge From Tougher Group Play
Of the two teams, Netherlands have had the more difficult route to the semifinal. We haven’t succeeded in our mission yet. Defender Jorge Fucile and forward Luis Suarez will both be out because of disciplinary action. Throughout the tournament, the Dutch have shown flashes of their trademark flair and style but this team has been different in that they have also been brutally efficient. Defender Gregory van der Wiel and midfielder Nigel de Jong received their second yellow cards of the tournament in the win over Brazil and will be unavailable. Netherlands does not have players unavailable because of injury but Arjen Robben is coming off of a pulled hamstring suffered at in the last tune up match before the beginning of the tournament.
Strategy is Key
Uruguay will try to challenge the Dutch in the midfield and limit Wesley Sneijder and Arjen Robben’s effectiveness. Dutch coach Bert Van Marwijk has done a masterful job in keeping the team together and has limited the distractions. For the Dutch, the key to victory is to stop Diego Forlan” and maintain their level of play after their big victory over Brazil. After a wild finish in their quarterfinal victory over Ghana on penalty kicks, Uruguayan players and fans alike are beginning to get the sense that this may be a team of destiny. Van Marwijk banned the use of Twitter by the team during the tournament and has managed to keep the team pulling together.
Changes to the Dutch Lineup
The Dutch enter the semi-final with two players out due to yellow cards
Standard Chartered PLC is listed on the London and Hong Kong stock exchanges as well as the Bombay and National Stock Exchanges in India. It is committed to building a sustainable business over the long term and is trusted worldwide for upholding high standards of corporate governance, social responsibility, environmental protection and employee diversity.
The M&T Bank Stadium in Baltimore is an amazing stadium and holds 71,000 fans, said Liverpool Managing Director Ian Ayre.
We are thrilled to bring the worlds best soccer back to Baltimore, said Baltimore Ravens President Dick Cass.
Tottenham Hotspur Football Club is based in North London and has a reputation for playing the game with flair, style and adventure.
The all-Premier League clash will take place at M&T Bank Stadium in Baltimore on Saturday, July 28. Tickets for the Boston match, which is part of Fenway Parks 100th anniversary celebration, go on sale Saturday, April 28. Visit www.lfctour.com for more information. It is also a global brand, working with leading edge partners around the world to provide unparalleled commercial opportunities. This geographic focus and commitment to developing deep relationships with clients and customers has driven the Banks growth in recent years.
Liverpool Manager Kenny Dalglish said, “Were really looking forward to the tour and playing against some quality opposition. Details and ticket sales information for other tour stops and venues will be announced in the near future. soil will be a great experience and one that Im sure will really appeal to our fans. I expect this to be no different. FSM is the sales arm of Fenway Sports Group, parent company of the Boston Red Sox, Liverpool FC (LFC), Roush Fenway Racing and New England Sports Network (NESN). We had a great time playing in front of our supporters in Asia last year and it will be good to give our fans in North America the chance to watch us this summer. Its contribution was recognised by the award of a Community Mark from Business In The Community. It has operated for over 150 years in some of the world’s most dynamic markets and earns more than 90 per cent of its income and profits in Asia, Africa and the Middle East.
Commenting on the latest game in their pre-season schedule, Tottenham Hotspur Manager Harry Redknapp said: Taking on Liverpool on U.S.
To receive ticket news and tour updates, visit www.lfctour.com, where fans will also have the opportunity to win a once-in-a-lifetime, all-inclusive trip to Anfield to watch Liverpools first home Barclays Premier League game of the season. Games against Tottenham Hotspur are always entertaining, so it should be fantastic.
About Liverpool FC
Founded in 1892, Liverpool FC is one of the worlds most historic and famous football clubs having won 18 League Titles, seven FA Cups, eight League Cups, five European Cups, three UEFA Cups, three European Super Cups and 15 Charity Shields. Founded in 1882, they have won two League titles, eight FA Cups, four League Cups and two UEFA Cups and the European Cup Winners Cup.
With 1,700 offices in 70 markets, the Group offers exciting and challenging international career opportunities for nearly 87,000 staff. This match features two of the most successful and popular teams in the Premier League and two teams who have not played in the region previously.I want to thank our partners at the Maryland Stadium Authority for all of their help in making this a reality, and I want to send a special thanks to our neighbors, the Baltimore Orioles, for allowing the match to take place just hours before one of their home games.Their willingness to work with us is greatly appreciated.This match is another fantastic special event that we are bringing to our city and as these events continue to succeed we will continue to bring them to the fans of Baltimore. Well work closely with our main sponsor, Standard Chartered, and our other partners in the region to put together a fantastic tour schedule, which will hopefully see us engage with as many fans as possible. Im told football is the fastest growing sport in America so hopefully we can put on two good performances for the fans who turn up to watch us play. for the second time in three years, as part of our pre-season training, we are delighted to have the opportunity to play in Baltimore, Maryland. The prospect of playing a big game between two great Premier League clubs on American soil is one that Im sure will excite lots of our fans because nothing beats watching the team live. EDT and may be purchased through BaltimoreRavens.com/tickets, Ticketmaster.com or by calling 410-261-RAVE (7283). Both clubs have a fantastic heritage and matches against the two teams have a history of being exciting, hard fought and high-scoring affairs. This comes on the heels of Wednesdays announcement that the Reds will travel to Boston to take on Italian powerhouse AS Roma at Fenway Park on July 25.
BOSTON–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Fenway Sports Management (FSM) today announced that Liverpool Football Club will face Tottenham Hotspur as part of its highly anticipated North America pre-season summer tour, presented by Standard Chartered.
Founded in 1892, Liverpool FC is one of the worlds most historic and famous football clubs having won 18 League Titles, seven FA Cups, eight League Cups, five European Cups, three UEFA Cups, three European Super Cups and 15 Charity Shields.
Boston will serve as Liverpool FCs home base throughout the tour and the team will conduct its pre-season training sessions at Harvard University.
Tickets for the Baltimore match go on sale Tuesday, April 3 at 10:00 a.m.
Standard Chartered leading the way in Asia, Africa and the Middle East
Standard Chartered is a leading international banking group. Standard Chartereds heritage and values are expressed in its brand promise, Here for good. As a socially responsible business, Liverpool FC is proud of its heritage and plays a proactive role in its communities, managing over 20 projects year-round in education, social inclusion, health and sports development.
On announcing the match, Tottenham Hotspur Chairman, Daniel Levy said, Following last weeks announcement that well be heading back to the U.S
Merkel last week announced a “no tolerance” policy in response to xenophobic violence, after she visited asylum shelters in the eastern German town ofHeidenau.Anti-immigration protesterswaved signs at the chancellor that read “Volksverraeter,” or “traitor” in English.
Also on HuffPost:
. Marchers held a large banner that read”prevent the pogroms of tomorrow today.”
Germany has seen a sharp spike in xenophobic attacksin recent weeks against migrants, many of whom are escaping war and political persecution in the Middle East and Africa and face a harsh and often deadly journey across the Mediterranean Sea. In a surprising moment of acceptance, thousands of German soccer fans showed their support for the refugees by holding up banners that urged their fellow citizens to stop racism and welcome those in need.
Thousands also gathered in Dresden last weekend and carriedbanners in supportof the refugees. Following a string of violent anti-migrant protests, German soccer team Borussia Dortmund invited some 220 refugeesto a Europa League game last Thursday.
Germany is struggling todeal with the ongoing and overwhelming refugee crisis, and Chancellor Angela Merkel has called the influx the biggest issue the European Union faces. An estimated 800,0000 migrants are expectedto cross the German border this year, a more than four-fold increase from last year,accordingto Reuters.
Atear-jerking interactionbetween Merkel and a young Palestinian went viral in early July after the country’s leader told the girl Germany “can’t cope” with all of the refugees.
But there is hope.
As Europe faces the challenge of a wave of migration across its borders, with people fleeing violent conflict and terrorism looking for a better life, German soccer fans have welcomed refugees with open arms
Real Madrid beat PSG in a friendly at Nya Ullevi Stadium, Gteborg, Sweden. New Real Madrid coach, Carlo Ancelotti, the recent PSG coach, started an interesting mixture of players that included Diego Lopez in goal with a defense that included only…
3.29pm: City still knocking on the door at Eastlands as Krul pulls off a good stop to prevent Mario Balotelli from scoring the opener.
FT: Sunderland 0 Fulham 0
Wolves take a surprise lead at Goodison after a dubious-looking penalty is awarded and Stephen Hunt drills it home down the middle.
FT: West Brom 2 Bolton 1
GOAL! Man City 3 Newcastle 0: Aguero (pen), 72 mins
PREMIER LEAGUE LIVE
FT: Everton 2 Wolves 1
GOAL! Stoke 1 QPR 2: Young, 44 mins
GOAL! Everton 0 Wolves 1: Hunt (pen), 37 mins
Paul Robinson won the penalty, going up for a corner… Subs: Fulop, Tchoyi, Dorrans, Dawson, Jones, Cox, Fortune.
Bolton: Jaaskelainen, Riley, Cahill, Wheater, Robinson, Eagles, Muamba, Reo-Coker, Mark Davies, Klasnic, Kevin Davies. What a week it’s been for Phil Jagielka, who makes amends for that abysmal penalty decision at Goodison to head home a deserved equaliser… Subs: Pantilimon, Dzeko, Kolarov, Johnson, Barry, Silva, Toure.
Newcastle: Krul, Simpson, Steven Taylor, Coloccini, Ryan Taylor, Ben Arfa, Guthrie, Cabaye, Gutierrez, Ba, Sammy Ameobi. there will be delay before it’s taken… At the Etihad Stadium, David Silva starts on the bench for Man City as Sammy Ameobi is given a start for Newcastle. Great drama!
3.25pm: The goals are flying in now! Six in just over 20 minutes and we’re back where we started with six draws…
Man City: Hart, Richards, Kompany, Lescott, Clichy, Nasri, De Jong, Toure Yaya, Milner, Balotelli, Aguero.
5.00pm: What a thrilling day of action in the Premier League, who said the 3pm Saturday kick-off was dead?! A shock at the Britannia and surely one of the games of the season at the DW Stadium, where Yakubu equalised in the 99th minute of the match. 12 goals in our six games already and the woodwork has been hit twice in our only 0-0 so far at the Stadium of Light. Portsmouth are 1-0 down on Michael Appleton’s managerial debut at Vicarage Road and Cardiff lead at Reading.
4.10pm: It’s hard to see how Blackburn are going to turn this one around with 10 men… Subs: Elliot, Santon, Lovenkrands, Perch, Gosling, Smith, Shola Ameobi.
3.35pm: Close! Demba Ba really should have put Newcastle in front at Eastlands with their first real chance of the game, but Joe Hart makes the save.
GOAL! Wigan 0 Blackburn 1: Yakubu, 1 min
GOAL! Wigan 2 Blackburn 1: Caldwell, 31 mins
Stoke v QPR
2.40pm: The team news is in… Substitutes: Forimca, Petrovic, Blackman, Roberts, Goodwillie, Henley, Bunn.
Referee: Andre Marriner (West Midlands)
Man City v Newcastle
FT: Wigan 3 Blackburn 3
3.50pm: Time to pause for breath after those four goals before half time…
GOAL! Man City 1 Newcastle 0: Balotelli (pen), 41 mins
Opener: Mario Balotelli slots home a penalty
GOAL! Stoke 1 QPR 3: Helguson, 54 mins
Wigan have turned it round! Blinding game at the DW, and it’s skipper Gary Caldwell with the goal. Substitutes: Pollitt, Crusat, Watson, Maloney, McArthur, Rodallega, Lopez.
Blackburn: Robinson, Salgado, Hanley, Dann, Givet, Rochina, Nzonzi, Dunn, Pedersen, Hoilett, Yakubu. City are without Silva, Dzeko and Barry, all of whom start on the bench. What’s most surprising is that it’s at the back it all seems to be going wrong.
He was supposed to out for a few more weeks, but not only is Shane Long back for West Brom, he’s put them back in front.
4.48pm: Yet again the goals come in a flurry! Crucial, crucial strike for Wigan and for Blackburn boss Steve Kean, you feel.
4.30pm: City are hammering nails in Newcastle’s coffin now, and they’ve brought Silva on now, too. What price on Steve Kean being sacked this weekend?
GOAL! Wigan 2 Blackburn 2: Hoilett, 60 mins
Wigan hit back immediately through their Spanish midfielder Jordi Gomez.
Follow Sportsmail’s coverage of the Barclays Premier League with six games kicking off at 3pm including the battle between two unbeaten sides when Manchester City host Newcastle. It was a bit of a soft penalty again… Newcastle will be regretting those two misses at 0-0 and it looks to be all over at the Etihad now… Man City look to have ended Newcastle’s unbeaten run but there’s plenty to play for in all the other games… Elsewhere it’s Everton v Wolves, Stoke v QPR, Sunderland v Fulham, West Brom v Bolton and Wigan v Blackburn.
GOAL! Wigan 1 Blackburn 1: Gomez, 7 mins
Game on! And it’s a set-piece, unsurprisingly… Shock of the day will go to QPR if they can hang on at the Britannia.
Lancashire hot pot: Gary Caldwell celebrates his strike
4.42pm: Stone wall penalty for Stoke at the Britannia turned down by referee Mike Jones as Joey Barton fouls Robert Huth.
Game over: Sergio Aguero celebrates scoring Man City’s third goal
GOAL! Wigan 3 Blackburn 2: Crusat, 88 mins
GOAL! West Brom 1 Bolton 0: Thomas, 16 mins
Fresh from his exploits in helping Ireland to qualify for Euro 2012, Jon Walters gives Stoke an early lead… bit of a snore by all accounts although Sunderland did hit the woodwork twice early on in the game… Subs: Mucha, Bilyaletdinov, Stracqualursi, Gueye, Barkley, Vellios, Mustafi.
4.38pm: Nothing to report from the Stadium of Light… Stay with Sportsmail for coverage of Swansea v Man United, kick-off 5.30pm.
4.20pm: What is going on at Stoke? The wheels seem to have well an truly come off after a strong start to the season. Both sides are weakened today, though. You get the feeling there may be more goals in that one.
PENALTY FOR BLACKBURN!
Sunderland v Fulham
Everton v Wolves
Yakubu breaks the deadlock in the Lancashire derby at the DW Stadium after just 67 seconds…
GOAL! Stoke 1 QPR 0: Walters, 8 mins
3.47pm: What’s going on?! A flurry of goals… Subs: Carson, Gardner, Vaughan, Ji, Meyler, Noble, Egan.
Fulham: Schwarzer, Hughes, Hangeland, Baird, Senderos, Dempsey, Murphy, Etuhu, Duff, Zamora, Dembele. Five of our six games are in the balance going into the final stages.
Stoke: Sorensen, Wilkinson, Shawcross, Huth, Higginbotham, Pennant, Whitehead, Delap, Etherington, Walters, Crouch. Surely they’ll be made to rue those misses when Mancini wheels out the cavalry in the second half… Subs: De Vries, Elokobi, Craddock, Ebanks-Blake, Fletcher, Jarvis, Guedioura.
Referee: Jon Moss (W Yorkshire)
3.15pm: It’s all Man City at the Etihad, but as they have done all season, Newcastle are defending resolutely…
2.50pm: No Adel Taarabt in QPR’s squad despite the fact they have only named six subs, you can’t help but feel his QPR career is as good as over.
Newcastle’s star man, Ba none: Demba Ba (right) has been in fine scoring form for the Toon
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3.05pm: Early goals in the Championship too… Looks like the makings of an epic up in Wigan…
RED CARD! David Dunn has been sent off for Blackburn after picking up a second yellow card against Wigan.
Blackburn are back in it!
Young at heart: Luke Young celebrates his goal for QPR
GOAL! West Brom 2 Bolton 1: Long, 56 mins
3.26pm: It was the man who scored West Brom’s opener – Jerome Thomas – who gave away the penalty to allow Bolton to equalise.
Wigan v Blackburn
GOAL! West Brom 1 Bolton 1: Klasnic (pen), 21 mins
2.59pm: The pick of the six games on paper is undoubtedly the clash between the two undefeated sides – Man City and Newcastle. And for Newcastle there is no Best, Tiote or Obertan, but Hatem Ben Arfa makes his first start of the season.
GOAL! Stoke 2 QPR 3: Shawcross, 64 mins
West Brom v Bolton
4.05pm: The second halves are under way… Peter Crouch has just missed a sitter for Stoke.
Sunderland: Westwood, O’Shea, Turner, Brown, Bardsley, Elmohamady, Colback, Cattermole, Richardson, Bendtner, Sessegnon. For Stoke, Asmir Begovic is dropped after his shocker against Bolton – Thomas Sorensen comes in.
GOAL! Man City 2 Newcastle 0: Richards, 44 mins
3.40pm: Close again! Newcastle miss their second relatively easy chance of the game. thre’s six minutes added on at the DW, though… Meanwhile, Tim Cahill has just missed a glorious chance to put Everton in the lead against Wolves.
FT: Stoke 2 QPR 3
GOAL! Stoke 1 QPR 1: Helguson, 22 mins
GOAL! Everton 1 Wolves 1: Jagielka, 44 mins
4.53pm: The full times are starting to come in… Subs: Begovic, Whelan, Jones, Fuller, Wilson, Upson, Palacios.
QPR: Kenny, Young, Ferdinand, Gabbidon, Hill, Wright-Phillips, Barton, Faurlin, Traore, Mackie, Helguson. Crouch nods down and Shawcross bundles home. they could do with a win today after that 5-0 mauling at Bolton.
FT: Man City 3 Newcastle 1
West Brom: Foster, Reid, McAuley, Olsson, Shorey, Brunt, Mulumbu, Morrison, Thomas, Gera, Long
This also applied to the question of whether or
not the operation should be performed if the patient and/or the parent
objected to it. 1928, c.37.
(7) Grekul et al. 2004. With the exception of this last observation, it appears that
the Board spent the most time per case in its earliest years of
(3) Grekul et al. When it did not pass second reading,
the bill was withdrawn and re-introduced in February, 1928. New York:
Free Press. In another six percent
of cases, recorded evidence indicates that discharge from the
institution was never a possibility; sterilization was recommended
Alberta’s program was one of many in North America and theworld. Numerous letters were appended to meeting minutes from former
patients of the Board, mostly women who begged to have their operations
’undone’. (12) Perhaps most significant to the
inertia of the province’s eugenics “package” (policies,
practices, documentation, legislation, activities, values, beliefs,
etc.) is the fact that Board member turnover during the 44 years of its
existence was minimal. This includes the names of
patients who were presented at each meeting, names of the professionals
who presented them, the discussions that ensued, and other business.
(16) An Act to Amend the Sexual Sterilization Act, 1937. This does not
excuse or justify the activities of the Eugenics Board of Alberta, but
rather works toward an explication of the Act and Board’s longevity
by introducing an organizational perspective to discussions on the
topic. The changes that did occur resulted
in adjustments or modifications to components of the eugenics machine to
make it operate more efficiently and expand its scope of influence. 2004.
The conditions set out in the legislation got lost in the mire:
prospect for discharge, “negative” family history, and IQ
tests faded into the background as the goal of sterilizing more people
resulted in a sort of tunnel vision among key players. These two relatedbureaucratic dysfunctions–stagnation and goal displacement–likelycontributed to the longevity of the sterilization program in theprovince.
Policies and practices established following passage of the Sexual
Sterilization Act in 1928 essentially remained in place with little
change until repeal of the Act in 1972. (9) It is difficult to
review the activities of the Board without conjuring up an image of a
system working like a “well-oiled machine” with its own
momentum. Vol. The second source is a database that contains information
from the entire set of Board meeting minutes. The minutes of the Board meeting held
on June 16, 1933, for example, report that “it was agreed that in
the future the Chairman might have power to extend the time during which
the operation should be performed.” In another instance in 1933,
where a female patient required an emergency appendectomy but had not
yet been considered by the Board for sexual sterilization, two Board
members decided that completing the sterilization at the same time as
the appendectomy was conducted was prudent. During the 1940s, the Alberta rate was 3.7 times the American
rate and the province kept pace with the two states with the highest
rates (California and Virginia). 2004.
Clearly there were opportunities for professionals to exert
authority by not referring clients or by not approving sterilizations,
yet this rarely, if ever happened. 358-84.
(6) British Columbia was the only other province to pass sexual
sterilization legislation. those already living in the community and those
who had no chance of discharge.
(1) Chapman, Terry. 17, No. K. This resulted in the arrival
of a large number of newcomers, many of whom likely knew nothing of the
existence of the eugenics program. 1977. Board
minutes reveal that le Vann was eager to have the Board approve his
recommendation that children be presented and sterilized as a matter of
course. Bill No.
Insight into the Board’s preoccupation with efficiency is
provided by looking at the time spent considering each case. As a result of this case, it
was decided by the Board that “in such emergency cases in the
future, Dr. (2004) report that Alberta’s sterilization
rate during the 1930s was more than four times as high as the total
United States rate (where several states implemented sterilization
programs). The form reads: “I understand that in accordance with the
Alberta Statutes my child will be presented to the Provincial Eugenics
Board, and that if they deem it advisable he will subsequently be
sterilized.” (Minutes, September 23, 1955)
(5) Grekul et al. Thus, for at least one-third
of the “mentally defective” cases, the recorded information
suggests that the IQ test results considered by the Board were not
(12) The Sexual Sterilization Act, S.A. The
Mentally III and Human Rights in Alberta: A Study of the Alberta Sexual
Sterilization Act. They can becomeso adept at and so focussed on following rules that any criticalquestioning of the organization becomes impossible. New York: Free
Board and its affiliated mental health institutions represented a
typical bureaucratic form. 1995. (13) The fact that Dr. Mason and Dr. Perplexing to many is how the program endured for as
long as it did, how it continued to operate in the face of the
revelation of the horrors of Nazi experimentation with eugenics, and how
it wasn’t until 1972 with the arrival of the new Conservative
government that the Act was repealed.
Other instances of working outside of or around the legislation
exist. The goal it seems was to sterilize primarily those who
might someday be released from durance. Leonard le Vann, Superintendent of the Provincial Training
School in Red Deer, was an active participant in the eugenics program.
This institution witnessed a significant increase in patient
presentations and sterilizations during the 1950s and 1960s. Over the years, 4,785
Albertans appeared before the Eugenics Board of Alberta. These records were made available by
the defendant, the Alberta Government. 3. 1947.
(17) Grekul et al. This includes such things as personal information
(e.g. Parsons. It
did what an “ideal” bureaucracy should–it grew and expanded.
(19) A bureaucracy however is run by individuals. 1968.
The Eugenics Board and its affiliated mental health institutions
(8) whether intentionally or not, targeted different populations during
different stages of its operation. Information suggesting the
patient would be discharged once the sterilization operation occurred
was evident in only one percent of cases.
Superintendents of the mental health institutions affiliated with
the Board were given a good deal of latitude when dealing with
prospective sterilization patients. To put it
bluntly, to be presented to the Board was to be approved for
sterilization. 363. In addition to human rights issues, and
the power of inertia to contribute to bureaucratic momentum, the case of
eugenics in Alberta raises questions about how and why political
dynasties–so critical to provincial legislation–begin and end.
The expanded “reasons” for sterilization illustrates how
changes to the eugenics system were “institutionalized so as to get
the advantage of all the apparatus that is already in place.” (18)
The amendment reflects a “finessing” of a system in place,
rather than questioning the Board’s operational mandate. 18 no. The Act stipulated that the Board be
comprised of four members, two of whom were to be medical practitioners
nominated by the Senate of the University of Alberta and the Council of
the College of Physicians; the other two would be lay persons not
involved in a medical profession. Individuals were given proxy to act on behalf of the
Board, thus streamlining the process, but at the same time, working
outside the Act’s procedural rules.
The Alberta Sexual Sterilization Act, which originally was
introduced by United Farmers of Alberta Minister of Health George
Hoadley in 1927 was hotly debated. For example, “it was
agreed by the Board that, in this case, sterilization was indicated, but
that the case did not come within the scope of the Act. By its September 23, 1955 meeting it did,
however, approve the use of a blanket consent form to be presented to
parents upon admission of their children to the Provincial Training
School. Some of her
current research interests include the sociology of punishment,
corrections, and Aboriginal street and prison gangs, but the eugenics
movement in Alberta, the topic of her doctoral dissertation, continues
to remain an important stream in her research program.
There are numerous examples in the minutes of the Board which
reveal the manner in which decision-making powers were granted to
further the agenda of the Board. It did so in 1933.
Thus far the focus has been on aspects of the eugenics apparatus in
the province that were established over the years and led to what has
been described as an inertial force. “The early eugenics movement in Western
Canada.” Alberta History 25. In addition it tended to
target people faced with social problems, such as poverty, lack of
education and employment, histories of abuse and neglect, and other
deviant behaviours. 2004. The
1928 Act permitted sterilization of a patient if it could be determined
that if upon examination “… birth date, ethnicity, etc.), patient diagnoses, family and sexual
history, IQ test scores, decision of the Board, and reason for
sterilization. Little turnover in Board composition over four decades
and a concentration of decision-making power in the hands of a few
contributed to a eugenics program with an inertia, one that did not
”in any way require anyone to do anything in the conventional way,
or prevent innovation or unconventionality.” (14)
(8) Most patients who appeared before the Eugenics Board were
”presented” to the Board by a medical professional from their
institution of origin.
(4) The United Farmers of Alberta passed the sexual sterilization
legislation but they were soon replaced by the Social Credit party,
(11) Following Leilani Muir’s successful lawsuit against the
Alberta government in 1995 for her wrongful sterilization, hundreds of
other victims of the Board came forward to do the same thing. The
institutionalization of the practices illustrates the insidious manner
in which good intentions and ideals of radical social change can become
stifling, problematic, and highly resistant to change.
(10) Merton, Robert K Social Theory and Social Structure. This
included the presentation of the patient to the Board, an interview with
the patient, review of case file documents, unanimous agreement on a
decision, and completion of the appropriate paperwork. Of these, 58 percent were women and 38 percent were
(18) Becker, Howard S. Considering the failure
of eugenics as a science and social authority, and the cessation of
similar programs elsewhere in the world, it seems that other
factors–the power of inertia, career building aspirations of medical
professionals–numbed the ability of professionals involved to step back
and objectively take stock of what it was they were doing.
In keeping with the bureaucratic form, the Board and its affiliated
mental health institutions left a significant paper trail of meeting
minutes, patient case files, documentation, research, letters, reports,
and other documents. Innovation, in
fact, did occur with the sterilization program. (1) Research shows that the province kept apace of these otherprograms and in fact out-performed many of those in the United States.(2) The question is why and how did the Alberta eugenics program manageto operate for 44 years in light of the fact that eugenics theory fellinto disfavour early on in its existence, and that other jurisdictionshalted their programs in the wake of Nazi Germany’s experimentationwith eugenics?
A combination of factors contributed to the longevity of this piece
of legislation. However, in about six percent of
cases the patient was admitted, or brought, to the institution, or
re-admitted, for the sole purpose of having the sterilization operation
performed. Many players, caught up in
the work being done, lost sight of the bigger picture and became
”bureaucratic personalities” concerned with filling out forms,
performing operations, and going to great lengths to secure consent (or
not) from patients.
Documents indicate that in 38 percent of cases, evidence of mental
disorders among family members was indeed apparent. 9-17; Christian, Timothy J. It was,
therefore, deemed wise that it should be referred to the Minister for
his consideration.” (Minutes, November 26, 1936).
(2) Grekul et al. Part of
the Conservative party’s election platform was a proposed
provincial Bill of Rights; the Sexual Sterilization Act was a piece of
legislation that was inconsistent with the proposed Bill. The belief,
supported by scientific theory at the time, was that “like begets
like.” Thus undesirable traits could be eliminated if individuals
carrying the genes responsible for these conditions could be prevented
from reproducing. “The Power of Inertia,”
Qualitative Sociology, vol. While segregation through institutionalization of the
so-called “mentally defective” or “feeble-minded”
persons could also prevent their reproduction, sterilization was a more
permanent solution and one which could facilitate the release of the
mentally defective from institutions back into the community, thus
reducing the financial burden on taxpayers.
The Alberta sexual sterilization program which included the
Eugenics Board, affiliated mental health institutions, and the
individuals involved have been much maligned in media and academic works
on the topic, for good reason. But by the 1960s and 1970s, the Board averaged 16 and
17 minutes per case, respectively, likely because IQ tests were being
used more extensively and it took more time to look over the results of
such tests. (4) Led by charismatic
political leaders like William Aberhart and Ernest Manning, who were
also religious leaders, (5) the government was generally unwilling to
entertain criticism from the outside and was prone to rely on the
expertise of professionals, including medical professionals. How much of the 44-year existence was a result of social
structural factors and how much was simply an outgrowth of the operation
of a “successful” modern bureaucracy?
One could argue then, that sterilization operations were approved
and performed on individuals not within the scope of the Sexual
Sterilization Act, ie. The inertia of the
Board and the mental health system that was implicated in its activities
affected–and was affected by–the actions of individuals as well.
(13) Becket, Howard S. Only one
other individual acted as Chair of the Board: Dr. (3) First, the Social Credit party was in power for
almost the entire time the Act was in effect. Unpublished research report, 1974]; Grekul, Jana, Harvey Krahn,
and Dave Odynak, “Sterilizing the “Feeble-minded”:
Eugenics in Alberta, Canada, 1929-1972.” Journal of Historical
Sociology. In other words, in these cases, sterilizations were performed
not to enable discharge, but for other reasons. In some cases parents threatened to sue the Board if
their child were to be sterilized; in one case two women who were to
appear before the Board hid from social workers to avoid presentation.
The ability of the eugenics program to override or thwart individual
agency, patient or professional, is a testament to the organizational
processes which kept the machine rolling forward, despite scientific,
medical, and moral opposition.
Approval for sterilization, as outlined in the 1928 Act, was
appropriate if the Board after considering a case was of the opinion
”that the patient might safely be discharged if the danger of
procreation with its attendant risk of multiplication of the evil by
transmission of the disability to progeny were eliminated….”
(italics added). 1947.
While professionals involved with the eugenics program seemed
reluctant to question it, patients and their families exerted their
agency. In 27 percent of these cases, the variance
between the highest and lowest overall IQ score for an individual was
between 10 and 19 points, and in an additional seven percent of cases,
the variances ranged from 20 to 33 points. 1995.306.
Supporters of the eugenics program emphasized the necessity of
stamping out hereditary taint if the race was to survive. [1913-1922] The Theory of Social and Economic
Organization. If this latter suggestion is plausible, one has to wonder
why this was the case. (6) In addition to political, social, religious, and other
interest group influences, there was the economic factor of the
province’s oil boom beginning in 1947. Following the 1937 amendment which
broadened the “reason” for sterilization to include a poor
home environment, “incapable of intelligent parenthood” began
to be used regularly by the Board as a reason for sterilization recorded
in patient files/documents.
Considering the general resistance of bureaucracies to change, it
may not be surprising to learn that the Board approved for sterilization
99 percent of the 4,785 individuals who appeared before it. An electronic database containing
much of the information was created and a report on the activities of
the Board was created The case however was settled out of court in 1999.
(15) The Sexual Sterilization Act, S.A. (2004) describe “an unusual degree of
overlap between political and religious elites” in the province
during this time. These were attempts to
increase the efficiency and productivity of the eugenics program: to
sterilize more people and to do it more quickly.
One method for ascertaining negative family history was the use of
IQ tests. Research reveals that the eugenics
apparatus, informed by questionable science, in seeking to “stamp
out” defective genes, targeted particular groups and ignored basic
human rights of patients and their families. In recognition of the
importance of demonstrating how such defects were passed from generation
to generation, staff within the institutions collected information on
patients’ family histories. serving particular needs of clients). Henderson and T. In the first
decade of operation the Board averaged about 15 minutes per case. By the
1940s, the average time spent per case declined considerably, to about 8
minutes per case. [1913-1922] The Theory of Social and Economic
Organization. J. Instead of questioning what they were
doing, records show they strategized ways to bypass official procedures,
invoked law enforcement agencies to track people down, and used their
own methods of intimidation to coerce consent. Over the decades,
however, the focus shifted to teenagers and young adults from the
Provincial Training School in Red Deer, as well as in Deer Home. Thomson, a
physician, who took over from MacEachran in 1965 and acted in this
capacity until the Board’s dissolution in 1972. Once set in motion, the eugenics machine was
immune to significant challenge or change. Was it simply a matter of peer pressure? Was it a
case of the “goal displacement” described by sociologists who
suggest that individuals working within bureaucracies become so
ensconced in “toeing the party line” that they lose sight of
the bigger picture? That they become mired in red tape, policies, and
procedures to the exclusion of “real world” checkpoints?
The 1937 amendment changed the reason for sterilization to permit
sterilization if the Board was unanimously of the opinion that “…
the exercise of the power of procreation would result in the
transmission to such person’s progeny of any mental disability or
deficiency, or that the exercise of the power of procreation by any such
mentally defective person involves the risk of mental injury either to
such person or to his progeny …” (16) The shift from an emphasis
on genetic “defect” to a concern with preserving the mental
well-being of individuals “incapable of intelligent
parenthood” as well as “to avoid children being raised in
stressful family environments by unstable parents” (17) drew more
patients into the fold of the eugenics program.
It is possible that such information was intentionally not recorded
because discharge following sterilization was a foregone conclusion
(based on the Act’s stipulation). Despite
conflict, controversy, and turmoil, Alberta’s Sexual Sterilization
Act was passed on March 21, 1928.
It is natural, perhaps necessary, that an organization in operation
for several decades experience some change and growth. The
eugenics machine pushed forward.
A key to understanding the longevity and productivity of the
eugenics program in Alberta is the significant role played by normal
bureaucratic processes. Not only did these individuals and
their staff determine who should be presented to the Board, but it was
also determined by the Board during one of its meetings that when faced
with the decision of whether to inform a patient who had been passed for
sterilization about the impending operation, that the superintendents
should decide this question themselves, on the basis of their knowledge
of the individual case. (11) One is a database that includes
qualitative and quantitative information from a representative sample of
patient case files. A
relatively weak Roman Catholic presence in the province as compared to
Ontario or Quebec likely impacted the passage of the Act as well as its
longevity. 1995. The average time spent on a case during the 44-year period
was 13 minutes.
Almost one in 10 patients diagnosed as “mentally
defective” when presented to the Eugenics Board had overall IQ
scores of 70 or higher. Any changes that were made
amounted to relatively minor “tweaking” that increased the
efficiency with which the Board could carry out its mandate. Thus to improve the race,
sterilization of those so afflicted was necessary. 2004).
. Only 19 other
individuals served as Board members over the 44 years.
There is no evidence of a Superintendent exercising his
decision-making authority to prevent a sterilization operation. This contributed to its long-term
existence and “success.” During the early years the focus of
sexual sterilization efforts tended to be upon mentally ill adults
housed in institutions in Ponoka and Edmonton. Of these, 2,835
were sterilized. 4. The legal
firms representing these plaintiffs contracted the Population Research
Laboratory at the University of Alberta to systematically analyze all of
the available records of the Board. Despite the lack of evidence for negative family history,
the Board approved almost all cases for sterilization.
However, this type of action can lead to stagnation and to goaldisplacement: (10) workers, who are encouraged to follow the rulescarefully run the risk of losing sight of the objectives of theorganization (i.e. The Board, however, cautiously rejected the proposition at its
February 9, 1951 meeting. One of the many facets of a patient’s life that was considered
by the Board was “family history.” The core premise of the
eugenics movement was that “feeblemindedness” and other
psychiatric disorders had a genetic basis. 1928, c37
Jana Grekul is Assistant Professor of Sociology and Director of the
Criminology program at the University of Alberta, Edmonton. By the 1960s, the eugenics movement
lost its momentum in the United States, but some of the 26 states with
sterilization programs continued to sterilize, as did Alberta. Characterized by a hierarchy of control,
division of labour, impersonality, rules and procedures, it represented
an efficient, rational way of doing business. the board is unanimously of the
opinion that the patient might safely be discharged if the danger of
procreation with its attendant risk of multiplication of the evil by
transmission of the disability to progeny were eliminated, the board may
direct in writing such surgical operation for sexual sterilization of
the inmate …” (15)
(19) Weber, Max. Yet in almost 75
percent of case files, there was an absence of any information regarding
potential for discharge from the institution. R. Two
major amendments resulted in the elimination of the need for consent by
those diagnosed as mentally defective, and a broadening of the official
”reason for sterilization” outlined in the legislation. In fact,
repeal of the Sterilization Act was one of the first orders of business
of the newly-elected government. Translated by A. [Edmonton, Alberta: Faculty of Law, University of
Alberta. These tests represented additional information to consider,
important information since the “incapable of intelligent
parenthood” reason for sterilization directly implicates
intelligence and therefore its assessment.
Until relatively recently many Albertans knew little about a dark
chapter in the province’s history: the 44-year existence of the
province’s sexual sterilization program. 306.
The format of meetings and minutes was established at the first
Board meeting in January 1929. MacEachran, a
University of Alberta philosopher, served as Chair of the Board from its
first meeting in 1929 until 1965 supports this observation. Possibly
this type of counselling occurred “off the record,” but it is
also possible that dissent on the part of professionals was relatively
non-existent. The discussion in this article is based on
information from two main sources. Board minutes reveal instances where, when blocked by the
legalities of the Act, the Board had recourse to the Minister of Health
or the Attorney General’s Department. However, in the vast
majority of cases–62 percent–there was either no evidence of
family-related mental disorders or instances of other types of
information (e.g. If a possibility of eventual
discharge existed, one would expect the Board would have considered this
information in its deliberations about each case. The
province continued to sterilize at a higher rate than these states.
(9) Weber, Max. William Aberhart, leader of the Social Credit party
and Premier was an influential fundamentalist religious leaden He and
his successor Ernest Manning maintained a loyal following through their
Sunday morning radio broadcast “Back to the Bible Houn” Public
criticism of government policy was less likely in an environment where
politics and religion were intertwined.
Given the bureaucratic inertia, in addition to the other factors
identified as contributors to the longevity of the eugenics program, a
looming question remains: why did it suddenly end in 1972? An
organizational perspective might suggest that Peter Lougheed, the new
premier, emerged at a time when Albertans were ready for change. This information was considered by the
Board when making its sterilization decisions.
Innovative changes to the organizational structure occurred in 1937
with the passage of the Act to Amend the Sexual Sterilization Act. Although innovation is possible, “doing things the way
they’ve always been done” is easier and far less labour
There were four “feeder institutions”: Alberta Hospital
(Ponoka) presented 60 percent of all cases ever considered by the Board;
the Provincial Training School (PTS) in Red Deer presented 21 percent of
cases; Alberta Hospital (Oliver) in Edmonton presented 14 percent;
Deerhome in Red Deer, another smaller training school, presented 4
percent of cases (Grekul et al. alcoholism, character defects, poor physical health,
desertion). Pope should be given authority individually to
act for the Board.” This action was taken in spite of the fact that
the Sexual Sterilization Act stipulated that all sterilization decisions
were to be unanimously agreed upon by all four Board members.
Suffered medial ligament damage at the end of the previous season. Unknown when hell be fit again. Came back to action in September.
Valente Injured 9 months
Anichebe Injured 3 months
. The player inflicting the injury was banned for only 3 matches. The season started out badly, with the club having no money, players had to be sold in order to fund a record breaking deal for Belgian international, Fellaini but even he was bought on credit, 3 million a year for the next 5 years. Everton has one of the smallest playing staff in the premiership. Hopefully will be fit for the new season.
Saha: – Injured 3 months
Despite this crippling injury list, the players have come together and formed a team spirit that is second to none. Missed the first month of the new season
But the real tale of the season has been the chronic injuries that have decimated the team and the magnificent spirit that the players have created to combat them.
It was always known that Saha had injury troubles and he has been in and out of the team all season, but his injuries have meant he has missed around 3 months.
Star striker, ruptured his achilles in December. There have been other minor injuries that have kept players out for a game or two, but the total number of months these major injuries have cost the club this season alone (some will remain injured well after the season has ended), the total comes to an incredible 37 months. Expected to be fit by the new season.
Brought in as cover for the injured Hibbert, Jacobsen unfortunately dislocated his shoulder before the season start and has only made two appearances to date.
Arteta – Injured 3 months
Jagielka Injured 1 month
Vaughan Injured 4 months
First choice left back. But there already was a sting in the tale as several first team players were injured for long periods of time. Some rumours say 12 months.
Basically he has been injured all season with a knee injury. It has been mentioned by the manager, David Moyes and sources in the media, that if the title could be won by spirit alone, Everton would easily be champions.
Anichebes season was ended in February by a horror tackle that damaged his knee. The season only lasts 9 months.
Slowly but surely, Everton crawled their way up the table, thanks mainly to their away form. I think the easiest way to show the extent of Evertons injury list for the season would be to list player by player and the amount of time they have been injured.
Hibbert Injured 1 month.
Pienaar Injured 2 months
Yakubu Injured 5 months
The fortunes of Everton Football Club, have been a rollercoaster to say the least. Played a couple of games at the start of the season.
Arteta was injured in the same match as Anichebe with a ruptured cruciate ligament. Great experience for them, but as one famous pundit said, youll never win anything with kids.
Why is this said? Simply, with one of the smallest squads and heaviest injury lists, the club is in 6th position in the premiership (only the mega rich clubs of Man Utd, Liverpool, Chelsea, Arsenal and Aston Villa are above them), and amazingly they have got to the final of the FA Cup. It is so small, that at the start of the season, it wasnt unusual to see several teenagers playing in the first team. The season of 2008/09 has been one of bad luck, injuries but a magnificent team spirit. The start of the campaign started poorly and the team didnt manage to win on home soil for nearly 3 months. Not only have they got to the FA Cup final, but they have already beaten three of the top 5 clubs in England to get there, namely Liverpool, Aston Villa and Manchester Utd.
Two separate injuries ruled Yobo out for around 2 months.
The premierships youngest ever goal scorer has had 4 career threatening injuries before he was 20. His latest was on a knee requiring reconstruction.
If they perform a miracle and beat the other finalists, Chelsea, it surely would be one of the greatest football stories of success in the face of adversity ever.
Jags injury rules him out for the final month of the season. Things looked grim.
Jacobsen Injured 4 months
Cahill Injured 2 months
Yobo Injured 2 months
Cahill was injured with a broken foot in the early part of the season. Anichebe would miss the remainder of the season.
Out with a broken toe, missed the start of the new season.
These are just the major injuries dealt by Everton in the 2008/09 season
You take that away, you change the player and you take one of his biggest strengths out of the game.”
Wenger added: “We are all programmed through our education to respond in the game situations like we are used to, and with age and experience we use our qualities in a more efficient way but we do not change the way we play.
“Sometimes because he has a good little burst he uses that very well to get out, but sometimes it is a game that provokes more challenges than maybe Gilberto Silva, who just sat there deep, or Mesut Ozil, who plays less dribbling.”
. (Photo by James Bayliss – AMA/Getty Images)
Arsene Wenger says he felt more pressure trying to secure Champions League football for Arsenal during their period of frugality than he does now.
A Community Shield victory over Chelsea last weekend capped an impressive pre-season for Arsenal and, coupled with a strong end to last term, Wenger’s side head into the new season with plenty tipping them to seriously challenge for a first Premier League title since 2004.
But Wenger does not believe their emergence as a significant rival to Chelsea brings added pressure.
Instead the Frenchman was keen to draw on the years in which Arsenal qualified for the Champions League despite spending significantly less than their rivals as they balanced the books after leaving Highbury.
“We had much more pressure before when I knew I had at least to be in the top four and we had not necessarily the potential to do it,” said Wenger ahead of his side’s opener against West Ham at the Emirates Stadium on Sunday.
“The pressure is really on you when you know you are just on the border of achieving what is absolutely requested.
“You know you cannot miss an inch because you’re out, so that is much more difficult.
“So here, what is interesting is the pressure is on everybody. LONDON, ENGLAND – AUGUST 2: Arsene Wenger manager / head coach of Arsenal during the FA Community Shield match between Chelsea and Arsenal at Wembley Stadium on August 2, 2015 in London, England. On at least, six, seven clubs, and that’s what makes the Premier League very interesting.
“The only league where you do not have that now is France because everyone knows that Paris Saint-Germain will win the league.”
Wenger will be without Alexis Sanchez for Arsenal’s opener against the Hammers on Sunday following the Chilean’s exploits at this summer’s Copa America.
Danny Welbeck and Tomas Rosicky are both sidelined too, while Jack Wilshere faces a period in the treatment room after he suffered a hairline fracture to his left fibula.
It is the latest injury setback for the England international, but Wenger insists he will not ask the 23-year-old to adapt his approach to the game.
“You cannot play football without going freely in the challenge,” said Wenger.
“Jack’s game is to provoke with the ball at his feet and go and penetrate