Category Archives: Uncategorized

How To Master Sports Betting

Rebecca P. Padron

Rebecca P. Padron

Sports betting is not a sure thing and it can be very difficult to make the odds work out in your favor. However, by understanding sports betting and the basics, it is much easier. If you can master understanding statistics and odds, it is much more likely you will be a successful bettor.
Rebecca P. Padron

Latest posts by Rebecca P. Padron (see all)

You want to know who trained and who didn’t. You will be better off for doing so in the long run.

Sports betting is an easy way to make a tough living. You can’t let the highs and lows affect you too much.

Because of this point, it is probably better if you steer clear from any matches involving the teams that you like. For instance, if you are pretty m88 casino certain that a side is going to win and they are getting good odds for this than take this. Business is business and you need to be concentrating on who is going to win regardless of who likes and who doesn’t like which team.. Also look into how sides perform the week after doing certain travel. It could provide great insight as to predicting what will occur.

Information and doing your homework is important, but you don’t want to full into the trap of information overload. Upsets are always going to happen but see when it makes the most sense when to go for that and when not to. Anything less than this and it is going to be a disaster. It doesn’t matter if it is pretty or not.

Speaking of the long run, this is what you should be focused on. You shouldn’t favor a team because they are the team your best friend supports. What is the point of drowning yourself in statistics and research for what you could just as easily decided with a flip of the coin? So you need to sift through it all and just take the morsels here and there which are really important and make a difference. On the flip side, you shouldn’t bet against a team because someone you don’t like roots for that team. You don’t want to lose money just because you weren’t on top of your game.

The most important thing is that you need to take emotion out of the equation. It is only going to place you in a difficult position and as much as you might think it won’t be, your decision making ability is going to be compromised. So if you suffer a bad break along the way, just remember it goes with the territory. Over time, you will learn what it should be that you should be paying attention to.

Look for value bets. Hopefully this kind of thinking will keep you grounded. Travel is a factor such as when East Coast sides travel to the West Coast and vice versa. In the case of team sports, injuries are important. The weather conditions also make a difference as they do in horse racing. Thus when you are doing well, you will still be focused and when you aren’t doing so well you won’t be thinking that it’s the end of the world. It’s all about accumulating winnings. So do yourself a favor and swear off them. If you are going to do it you need to do it properly and master it, it means you are completely organized and focused. This means that when you place your bets you need to be thinking clearly and concisely

Recommended Reading

Learn Online Sports Betting

Rebecca P. Padron

Rebecca P. Padron

Sports betting is not a sure thing and it can be very difficult to make the odds work out in your favor. However, by understanding sports betting and the basics, it is much easier. If you can master understanding statistics and odds, it is much more likely you will be a successful bettor.
Rebecca P. Padron

Latest posts by Rebecca P. Padron (see all)

Novices can begin by scrutinizing pro-bettors at first. Later on all, it’s not just a stuff of only selecting out any arbitrary booker who’s keen to take suggestions.

After getting a reasonable clasp on the most frequently used sports gambling terms, novices can develop towards consideration sports gambling odds. Nevertheless, on m88 behalf of it to be worthwhile, gamblers must recognize how to play appropriately and maneuver precisely. Culturing the fundamental stipulations would be a great initial point. That’s an extensive and deadly procedure and gamblers need to study the simple essentials.

Author’s Bio: 

If you are desirous to become a sports betting champ by mastering your betting skills, all you need to do is visit the site. This is significant, as the match rotates in the region of these odds. It takes huge knowledge and investigations to do this. Nevertheless doing this might not be the simplest item to do. They can maintain themselves modernized waiting they have a recognizable clasp on the stipulations. However, for novices, they can simply obtain this capacity by looking for a variety of trustworthy tips concerning introducing digital bets.

Making effective bets is truthfully pleasant.

Long distance sports gamblers may previously be acquainted with by at the present that a steadfast and secure gambler is one of the most significant things to appear subsequent to betting games online. And, if you are seeking some tips related to online betting make sure to visit this link.. Also, a gambler who recognizes how to recognize and scrutinize the likelihood to the match can create an enhanced betting strategy, virtually giving that gambler and perimeter amongst the additional players.

To initiate off, it’s imperative for all aspiring gamblers to study significant terms used in gambling sports online. The method a player holds his/her cash in insertion bets online can also make or crack him/her. To assist them by this, they could also explore online for straightforward glossaries on the most ordinary stipulations used in placing bets in cyberspace.

And finally, gamblers can also labor on learning how to expand good cash managing. This is where skill comes in versatile

visit our website

How To Build A Craps Table

Rebecca P. Padron

Rebecca P. Padron

Sports betting is not a sure thing and it can be very difficult to make the odds work out in your favor. However, by understanding sports betting and the basics, it is much easier. If you can master understanding statistics and odds, it is much more likely you will be a successful bettor.
Rebecca P. Padron

Latest posts by Rebecca P. Padron (see all)

It’s quite unusual for one person to have the ability to master the art of woodworking and to have the ability to teach – here’s an opportunity to learn from the masters.

Do you know how to find craps table plans for that special project you’ve been thinking about but didn’t know if it was possible? Maybe you have no idea how to track down straightforward and expert guidance if you don’t have unlimited time to spend on endless, frustrating research. You may be just a beginner, but in learning from helpful advice, you will soon acquire the confidence you need. Take a moment to read this brief article and acquire the plans and training you need in order for you to commence turning your woodworking dreams into reality – i’m sure you can’t wait.

Human beings have created wood crafts for eons – i’d say that you could probably simply do a search for “wood art” for some prime examples of this art. Don’t pass up this chance to begin the process of becoming a great craftsman – it will soon be clear that it’s both useful and fulfilling.

Click here for craps table plans !

When you consider this great selection of craps table plans, almost anything is within reach – step-by-step instructions will guide you all the way, so don’t hold back – go for it. Really, the internet is amazing… There’s almost no end to what you can build if you have the drive and some instruction; carpentry is both a craft and an art form, and you’re sure to enjoy the end products. We’re all novices at some point, and i am happy to share some information on a website that’ll give you that helping hand as you work on your creation. Obviously, good results will not be “instant,” and progress may sometimes seem slow, but it’s considerably less difficult when you have the right tools under your belt. You don’t need to wait until the “perfect time” – you’re about to get into an exciting and fulfilling hobby. It contains an encyclopedia of material about everything, even how to spend your free time profitably by engaging in a rewarding and productive hobby.

Perhaps you have been inspired by careful and detailed woodwork, whether in antique or modern woodworking – wouldn’t it be satisfying to skillfully create something that would command notice and praise? No doubt you’ll be delighted at how quickly and easily you will be on the path to producing quality wood products. If you get your plans and instruction from the masters, you’ll be able to avoid some very discouraging failed efforts and instead will be presenting your work with pride.

Biggest Gambling Countries In The World

Rebecca P. Padron

Rebecca P. Padron

Sports betting is not a sure thing and it can be very difficult to make the odds work out in your favor. However, by understanding sports betting and the basics, it is much easier. If you can master understanding statistics and odds, it is much more likely you will be a successful bettor.
Rebecca P. Padron

Latest posts by Rebecca P. Padron (see all)

Australia is the craziest country when it comes to gaming and gambling. Reportedly, over 75 percent of adult Canadians took part in the games last year in which the most popular games are lotteries and Scratch and Win cards.

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,174

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $568

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $568



Singapore offered the very first casino some years ago which then became the world’s third largest-gaming center after Macau and Las Vegas. Otherwise, Australia is the only country that allows online bets on sports but prevents gamblers from using the Internet to place bets during live games.

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $517

The potash-rich province of Saskatchewan is home to the biggest gamblers in Canada. Although the government has imposed an entry fee of S$100 ($80.50) for citizens entering the casino, the country’s gaming revenue is expected to hit $6.4 billion in 2011 and outpace Las Vegas.


Related links:

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,288

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,174

Las Vegas is well-known as the gambling industry of the world; however, American people are not the biggest gamblers on Earth. Most profits go to education, arts and culture.. H2 Gambling Capital has released the list of biggest gambling countries due to average gaming losses.

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $553

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $517

Era of Online Gambling



Gambling’s Famous Icons

The most favorite gambling activity in Italy is electronic gaming machine. According to business advisory firm MAG Consulenti Associati, the electronic gaming makes up half of Italy’s total gaming revenues in first half of 2011.

Australia: Biggest Gambling Country in the World

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,288

Top Online Gambling Mistakes

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $553

Interestingly enough, the country’s national lottery company, Veikkaus, belongs to the government and is operated by the ministry of education. Furthermore, the slot machines named pokies are the most favorite game in Australia with an estimated number of 75-80 percent of problem gamblers. In this country, gaming companies bet people on whether the central bank’s interest will increase or not

Online Gambling, Casinos to ‘Sweep’ U.S. in 2012

Rebecca P. Padron

Rebecca P. Padron

Sports betting is not a sure thing and it can be very difficult to make the odds work out in your favor. However, by understanding sports betting and the basics, it is much easier. If you can master understanding statistics and odds, it is much more likely you will be a successful bettor.
Rebecca P. Padron

Latest posts by Rebecca P. Padron (see all)

According to a 2010 Morgan Stanley report, analysts said that allowing Internet gambling could bring in $5 billion.

He advised states looking to jump into online gambling to first do a study on the current rate of gambling addiction among youth and gambling adults to see whether there would be a spike.

Regarding Internet gambling, Rose said states would have to require strict regulations to prevent gamblers from becoming addicts and to ensure that minors do not participate.

He said that poker would likely generate $12 billion a year in revenue for states and that the lotteries – already a $60 billion to $70 billion business – would continue to grow.

“In some ways, we’re concerned that when these existing industries expand [under the new Justice Department rule] they’re going to do the same shoddy job of enforcing that they’re already doing,” Whyte said.

Keith Whyte, the executive director of the National Council on Problem Gambling, said there were a half a million youth ages 12-17 with gambling problems.

I. Digital Gaming estimated that tax revenue for the states would be about 25 percent. Steve Beshear is pushing for expanded gambling in his state. And in Illinois, there are hopes that online tickets will increase sales for the lottery.

Bronson of U.S. Nelson Rose, Whittier Law School professor and expert on gaming law, called the Justice Department move a “major Christmas present for the Internet gambling community.”

“States are looking to maximize revenue from gambling, but they also need to minimalize the social costs,” Whyte said.

He said that youth were already gambling online and that the industry was not doing a good job preventing it.

In fact, Washington D.C. He said online gaming would likely bring more visitors to casinos.

Image credit: Karen Bleier/AFP/Getty Images

“It’s money and [states] can’t raise taxes anymore and they can’t cut services anymore so they need a way to raise money and gambling seems to pay more tax,” Rose said.

Rick Bronson, chairman of U.S. and Nevada are already poised to start online gambling, mostly poker. … Gambling is seen as a painless tax, involuntary tax so it is an easy way to raise revenue without raising real taxes.”

Forget the monkey or the rooster, 2012 could be the year of the gambler and experts say that while that would mean more money in states’ pockets, it could also put young people and adults at further risk of addiction.

On Friday, the Justice Department reversed its previous stand on the 1961 Wire Act – saying that it applied to sports betting but not online gambling – after years of hunting down online casinos like the billion-dollar-plus Full Tilt Poker.

This would be good news for Florida, where lawmakers are set to consider a measure to bring three casino resorts to the southern part of the state. Kentucky’s Gov. In New York, the governor is pushing for the legalization of casino gambling.

. “All we’re seeing is every single state proposing more and more legal gambling. Digital Gaming, said the change would give states the ability to legally operate online gambling beginning with poker and also sell lottery tickets on the Internet.

“We are about to see this explosion of Internet gambling sweep across the nation,” he said

Addiction Recovery – What Families Need to Know

Rebecca P. Padron

Rebecca P. Padron

Sports betting is not a sure thing and it can be very difficult to make the odds work out in your favor. However, by understanding sports betting and the basics, it is much easier. If you can master understanding statistics and odds, it is much more likely you will be a successful bettor.
Rebecca P. Padron

Latest posts by Rebecca P. Padron (see all)

But this isn’t because he doesn’t care and it’s not because he’s weak¾he is sick with the disease of addiction. That includes understanding what your role has been in enabling him.

Finances will most likely be a big factor in making a decision. By attending Al-Anon meetings, you can learn to make healthy changes in your family dynamic. This is a hard reality to face.

You don’t have the power to take addiction away from your loved one, but you do have the power to give him a good push toward help. While it’s true that trust is earned, we can easily push the addict back into old patterns if we’re still holding onto resentment and punishing him for past mistakes.

We must not forget that the recovering addict has a lot of work ahead of him. If your loved one tries this route and fails, it does not mean that the desire to quit is not there. Thousands of people have used these programs to get clean and sober. You blame him for being weak. Get your family educated, and take steps toward healthy change. It’s a sad fact that many families spend every bit of savings they have, including mortgaging their homes or draining retirement and college funds, in an attempt to save their loved ones.

You expect him to ask for that help eventually. Rehabilitation teaches addicts how to manage their addiction, but it cannot eliminate the desire.

Addiction recovery is a process, and there will likely be bumps in the road, but life can be especially rewarding for the families that make it to the other side. Anything that you do in order to ease his pain will only extend the disease making it stronger. She is also available for one-on-one coaching, either in person or by phone.

Once we convince our loved one to go into treatment, we may feel a wave of relief. You don’t want to clean out your bank account to pay for a treatment center. Recovery is a process that may include many relapses. Isn’t he tired of living this way?

Keep in mind that every individual is different, and what works for one person does not necessarily work for all. The healthiest way to handle these changes is for each person to stay focused on his or her own path.

It makes no sense that he continues to drink or take drugs even in the face of devastating consequences. You believe that if you keep pointing out his mistakes, reminding him of his failures, and laying on the guilt, he will snap out of it and come to his senses. Addiction is treatable, and there is hope for sustainable recovery. To seek it out once he hits “rock bottom”. You’ll want to have everything prepared, so that when the time comes, there will be no delays.

Then there is another issue for families to contend with – even if they come up with the funds needed to cover rehabilitation – seventy percent of patients relapse after their first time in treatment. There is no cure for addiction. Life would be so much easier if your loved one could just work the twelve-steps and stay clean.

These are the typical thoughts that run through your mind when you love a person with a drug or alcohol dependency. Unfortunately, for many addicts it takes a tragic turn before they will reach out for help on their own, and sometimes, not even then.

That is why it is so important for family members to continue with their own recovery program. Once you find a treatment program they can assist you.

Even if you’re not ready to face your loved one with an ultimatum yet, now is the time to find a good treatment program. They are free. For those who have completed a recovery program, AA can also be a good form of continuing care.

Although recovery can be a rough road, it does not mean that relapse is inevitable. Sometimes, the addict just needs a good push.

This is what leads many people to Alcoholics Anonymous and other twelve-step programs. You can’t understand why he continues on such a destructive path. We want a contract, a promise, or a guarantee of a perfect future. All of the blame, guilt, and arguing in the world won’t change it. On top of that, they will still have their cravings to deal with. They have meetings at many locations and at various times of the day. It can be just as easy to get obsessed with the recovering addict as it was when he was using. Sobriety can cause new strains on family relationships, and this can be a challenging time for everyone. Each person must put the primary focus on themselves.

Recovering addicts seem to get the concept of “one day at a time”, but families tend to struggle with this. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 22.2 million Americans are addicted to drugs or alcohol, but ninety percent fail to receive treatment. In most cases, drugs and alcohol have been used to mask deeper issues that they will now need to face without the numbing effects of drugs. As long as you are going to be there to hold his hand, bail him out, fix his mistakes, and make life easier, he will never see the need to fight his disease.

So what can the family do to improve the odds of their loved ones recovery? Education is the most important key. We think that finally the nightmare is over, and now life can go back to normal. Why does he make so many bad choices? Why does he cause so much pain to his family and loved ones?. Support groups like Al-Anon are just as important once the addict goes into treatment. He’s destroying all of our dreams. Our lives have become Hell. It’s difficult to help another person if you don’t understand the problem. If you wait for the addict to say he’s ready, in the time that it will take to finalize plans, he will likely change his mind. Studies show that the number one obstacle is cost. After creating her own personal program for recovery from co-addiction, and witnessing the remarkable transformation in her own life, she is now passionate about helping other families to recover from the devastating effects of addiction. For the addict, and for those who love the addict and choose to stand by him, recovery can be a lifelong battle.

A good place for the family to start their search is The Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator at This federal agency provides an online resource for locating drug and alcohol abuse treatment programs.

Before starting this process, you must be prepared to set healthy boundaries and stay strong. The smartest way to hold an intervention is with the help of a professional. Once you’re ready, you can gather family and friends together and hold an intervention. To expect their sobriety to solve all of our problems and make the entire family whole is a tall order.

An ultimatum, if you’re serious and ready to follow through, may be all that it takes to convince him to accept help. You can give him an ultimatum.

Lisa Espich is the author of “Soaring Above Co-Addiction”. You can gain strength and knowledge, not to mention the extra support of your group to help you through the rough times.

How can he be so selfish? He can clearly see how much pain he’s causing – why doesn’t he care? I can’t take the stress any longer. It’s not an easy fix. The first step to helping your loved one is gaining knowledge. The family must understand the recovery process and the challenges that the addict will face.

Author’s Bio: 

That is why it is so important for families to understand the disease of addiction. A FREE Guided Meditation download is available on her website at

Family members should work on their own physical and emotional health. Along with her husband, she facilitates workshops based on the principles in her book. If you decide to hold an intervention, however, you must be prepared. An intervention is not a confrontation, but if handled poorly it can turn into one. You can get educated on addiction, talk to doctors, and find a good treatment program. Constantly looking for clues of relapse, and waiting for him to mess up again, will only harm his recovery. He needs help.

For the family it’s especially frustrating, because you want a program like AA to work. This can be a daunting task.

You get so angry because he obviously doesn’t care. Helping a loved one with addiction is very different from helping a loved one with any other illness. But we must be careful not to hold unrealistic expectations from treatment. He may know that you’re going to leave him, that his children are hurting, that his job is on the line, that he is about to lose everything of value in his life, yet he can’t seem to stop.

In the process of learning about your loved one’s addiction, don’t lose sight of your own recovery and growth. We want the Norman Rockwell painting, but that is a lot of unfair pressure to put on our loved ones. In fact, a promising statistic is that over half of the people who get treatment eventually reach a state of sustained recovery

Poker Odds – Pot Odds And Hand Odds Explained

Rebecca P. Padron

Rebecca P. Padron

Sports betting is not a sure thing and it can be very difficult to make the odds work out in your favor. However, by understanding sports betting and the basics, it is much easier. If you can master understanding statistics and odds, it is much more likely you will be a successful bettor.
Rebecca P. Padron

Latest posts by Rebecca P. Padron (see all)

(you will hit your hand 1 out of 3 times) . 2 hearts in your hand + 2 hearts on the table minus 13 hearts in total = 9 outs. WWW.POKERRULE-ONLINE.COM

If you multiply your number of outs by 4, than you will get an approximate percentage of hitting your hand by the river (9×4=36%).

About The Author

To be successful at poker you should, at any time during the play of a hand, be able to calculate the odds of catching your hand to the odds the pot is giving you.

<< Back to “Recreation And Sports” Index

Poker pot odds is the a ratio between the size of the pot compared to how much it will cost you to call a bet from another player.

Knowing the probability of making a specific hand in poker can be done by calculating hand odds.

You can figure this out by first finding the number of outs that you have. Outs are the number of cards remainig in the deck ( not visibe to you) that can help you make your hand.

Oddvar Pettersen

This article was posted on February 11, 2005

Poker Odds – Pot Odds And Hand Odds Explained

 by: Oddvar Pettersen

So if we are using the hand above as an example and you hold A-9 of hearts and catch two hearts on the flop, than you have 9 more hearts in the deck that can help you complete your flush. If you are chasing the A-9 flush draw from the flop , than you are getting 36% or 3 to 1 in hand odds to catch your card at the river, so calling or even raising this bet will be a correct decision to make. Your hand odds for hitting another heart by the river will be approximately 36% or 3 to 1. The higher the ratio between the size of the pot and the cost of calling a bet, the better your poker pot odds are.

True Poker Guide was established as a website to provide information on rules and strategies for all poker games played at home, online and in casinos. Figuring out how many outs you have will give you the possibility of calculating the number of times you will hit your hand by the river.

If there are $40 in the pot after the flop and a player bets $10 and two other players calls his bet then you are getting 7 to 1 in pot odds.


Lets say your’e dealt A-9 of hearts in Texas Hold’em and the flop comes up showing two hearts

Precious panda triplets – Scrappy animals who beat the odds – Pictures

Rebecca P. Padron

Rebecca P. Padron

Sports betting is not a sure thing and it can be very difficult to make the odds work out in your favor. However, by understanding sports betting and the basics, it is much easier. If you can master understanding statistics and odds, it is much more likely you will be a successful bettor.
Rebecca P. Padron

Latest posts by Rebecca P. Padron (see all)

This is Keira. Its caption read: “I’m Kala. We’ve comforted each other while we were here. I’ll see her as she goes down the hallway. We have to have someone rescue us or we’ll be “next”… Now it’s over.”

In July 2015, a heartbreaking photo of two shelter dogs hugging went viral. She gave me hope when I had none. If no one saves us, someone will take her away from me. We’re so scared in here… The dogs, Kala and Keira, were just one day away from being euthanized at a shelter when Georgia rescue group Angels Among Us Pet Rescue posted their picture online, which spread like wildfire across social media.

The post shattered the hearts of dog lovers across the country, but the dogs have yet to find a “forever family” and are now living in a temporary foster home waiting to be adopted.

. They’ll come for me next and I won’t be as brave. today is our deadline. She won’t come back and I’ll cry

Horse racing

Rebecca P. Padron

Rebecca P. Padron

Sports betting is not a sure thing and it can be very difficult to make the odds work out in your favor. However, by understanding sports betting and the basics, it is much easier. If you can master understanding statistics and odds, it is much more likely you will be a successful bettor.
Rebecca P. Padron

Latest posts by Rebecca P. Padron (see all)

The Mauritius Turf Club is the third oldest active turf club in the world.

In the most basic horizontal wager, an exacta, the bettor selects the first and second place horses in the exact order. Rather, it has its own Mongolian style of horse racing in which the horses run for at least a distance of 25 kilometers.[60]

In Wassenaar in the Hague there is a grass course at Duindigt.

The most famous horse from Canada is generally considered to be Northern Dancer, who after winning the Kentucky Derby, Preakness and Queen’s Plate in 1964 went on to become the most successful Thoroughbred sire of the 20th century; his two-minute-flat Derby was the fastest on record until Secretariat in 1973. Retrieved 2013-02-22.

^ “The Czech Racing Season”. These races are called conditions races and offer the biggest purses. Besides Longchamp, France’s other premier flat racecourses include Chantilly and Deauville. Arabians have an abundance of Type I fibers. For other uses, see Horse race (disambiguation).

Horse show and exhibition disciplines

Muscles are simply bundles of stringy fibers that are attached to bones by tendons. Gambling on horses is prohibited at some tracks; Springdale Race Course, home of the nationally renowned Toronto-Dominion Bank (TD Bank) Carolina Cup and Colonial Cup Steeplechase in Camden, South Carolina, is known as one of the tracks where betting is illegal, due to a 1951 law. 13 March 2009

^ “What Makes a Quarter Horse Different from a Thoroughbred”? Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine. The world’s largest Thoroughbred stud, Coolmore Stud, has its main farm there (in addition to major operations in the U.S. Scientific Principles for Conditioning Race and Performance Horses. Racetrack owners, horse trainers and state governments sometimes receive a cut of ADW revenues.

Champ de Mars has four classic events a year such as: Duchess of York Cup, Barbé Cup, Maiden Cup and the Duke of York Cup.

5.2 Europe

5.2.1 Belgium

5.2.2 Czech Republic

5.2.3 France

5.2.4 Great Britain

5.2.5 Hungary

5.2.6 Ireland

5.2.7 Italy

5.2.8 Netherlands

5.2.9 Poland





Main articles: Thoroughbred racing in Australia and Harness racing in Australia

Acoso y derribo

Australian rodeo

Breakaway roping

Calf roping



Chilean rodeo



Deporte de lazo

Goat tying

Jineteada gaucha

Ranch sorting


Saddle bronc and bareback riding

Steer wrestling

Team penning

Team roping

Working cow horse

Look up horse racing in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Horse racing.

Australian and New Zealand punting glossary

Glossary of North American horse racing

Harness racing

Fully automatic time

Horse length

List of horse racing tracks

List of jockeys

Track surface

Going (horse racing)

Jockey Challenge

Match race


Although of little consequence in the wider horse racing world, a popular Italian race is the Palio di Siena (known locally as Il Palio), the most famous palio in Italy, a horse race held twice each year on July 2 and August 16 in Siena, in which the horse and rider represent one of the seventeen Contrade, or city wards. The longer race led to deaths and injuries to participating horses in both 2005 and the 11th National Games in 2009. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ “Horse racing in Rome”. Retrieved 8 December 2013.

^ a b “Korea”. The former Shanghai Racecourse is now People’s Square and People’s Park and the former club building was the Shanghai Art Museum.

France has one of the major horse racing industries in Europe. There is also a smaller, but nevertheless important jumps racing sector, with Auteil Racecourse being the most well known. 8 April 2009.

^ “Endurance Horse Racing”. Also, with the entry into the sport of Han majority provinces such as Hubei, which are better funded and used Western, rather than traditional, breeding and training techniques, meant that the original purpose of the event to foster traditional horse racing for groups like the Mongols was at risk of being usurped. 7 April 2009.

^ Becker, Frank (2013). Thoroughbreds possess more Type II-a muscle fibers than the Quarter Horse or Arabian. The Hall of Fame honors remarkable horses, jockeys, owners, and trainers.

South America


Harness racing in Adelaide


For more details on this topic, see Horse breeding.

Historically, Italy has been one of the leading European horse racing nations, albeit some way behind Great Britain, Ireland and France in size and prestige. The Horse Racing Channel. The Breeders’ Cup is normally held at a different track every year; however the 2010 and 2011 editions were held at Churchill Downs, and the 2012 and 2013 races were held at Santa Anita Park, as was the 2014 edition. Fifteen to 20 riderless horses, originally imported from the Barbary Coast of North Africa, ran the length of the Via del Corso, a long, straight city street, in about 2½ minutes.

There are three founding sires that almost all Thoroughbreds can trace back to: the Darley Arabian, the Godolphin, and the Byerly Turk, named after their respective owners, Thomas Darley, Lord Godolphin, and Captain Robert Byerly.[17] All were taken to England where they were mated with mares. With the exception of the longer, 870-yard (800 m) distance contests, Quarter Horse races are run flat out, with the horses running at top speed for the duration. A bet to win, sometimes called a “straight” bet, means that you stake money on the horse, and if it comes in first place, the bet is a winner. 2009-02-28. Thoroughbreds range in height, and are measured in hands (a hand being four inches). In contrast to ADW, credit shops allow wagers without advance funding; accounts are settled at month-end. Retrieved 6 May 2014.

^ Campbell, National Gambling Impact Study Commission Final Report, p. Academic Search Complete EBSCO. The race track complex contains two tracks with seating for 60,000, a hotel, restaurants, theater and museum.

The bloodstock industry is important to New Zealand, with the export sale of horses – mainly to Australia and Asia – generating more than $120 million a year. The full odds are paid if the horse wins, (plus the place portion), with a quarter or a fifth of the odds (depending on the race-type and the number of runners) if only the place section of the bet is successful. BBC News. In 2008, the China Speed Horse Race Open in Wuhan was organized as the qualification round for the speed horse race event at the National Games the next year, but was also seen by commentators as a step towards legalizing both horse racing and gambling on the races.[55] The Wuhan Racecourse is the only racecourse that organizes races in China. National Thoroughbred Racing Association. The first horse racing in Pest was noted June 6, 1827. Although fast acceleration (“a turn of foot”) is usually required to win either type of race, in general sprints are seen as a test of speed, while long distance races are seen as a test of stamina. Retrieved 26 April 2014.

^ Publishers, Estonian Academy (2006-01-01). In Lahore at Lahore Race Club, Rawalpindi at Chakri, in Karachi at Karachi Race Club and in Gujrat at Gujrat Race Club.

Types of bets

Main article: Glossary of bets offered by UK bookmakers

There are many dangers in horse racing for both horse and jockey: a horse can stumble and fall, or fall when jumping an obstacle, exposing both jockey and horse to the danger of being trampled and injured.

Flat racing

Harness racing



Thoroughbred horse racing

Mongolian horse racing takes place during the Naadam festival. Philippine Racing Commission. American Thoroughbred races are run at a wide variety of distances, most commonly from 5 to 12 furlongs (0.63 to 1.50 mi; 1.0 to 2.4 km); with this in mind, breeders of Thoroughbred race horses attempt to breed horses that excel at a particular distance (see Dosage Index).

See also

Equestrian activities

Team sports

Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, involving two or more jockeys riding horses over a set distance for competition. General Tian Ji’s strategem for a horse race remains perhaps the best known story about horse racing in that period. Flat racing tracks are typically oval in shape and are generally level, although in Great Britain and Ireland there is much greater variation, including figure of eight tracks like Windsor, and tracks with often severe gradients and changes of camber, such as Epsom Racecourse. In all endurance events there are rigorous vet checks, conducted before, during and after the competition, in which the horses’ welfare is of the utmost concern.[39]


In 1665, the first racetrack was constructed on Long Island. Other noted stakes races include the February Stakes, Takamatsunomiya Kinen, Yasuda Kinen, Takarazuka Kinen, Arima Kinen, and the Tenno Sho races run in the spring and fall. The odds of a horse are set by the market conditions of the betting exchange which is dictated to by the activity of the members.

The term “Each-Way” bet is used everywhere but North America, and has a different meaning depending on the location. Although racing in Hungary is neither as popular, nor as prestigious as it is in Western Europe, the country is notable for producing some fine international racehorses. The Kiang-wan racecourse was destroyed in the lead-up to the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Shanghai Race Club closed in 1954. The indirect impact of expenditures on racing was estimated to have generated more than $1.4 billion in economic activity in 2004 and created 18,300 full-time equivalent jobs. Jockey Club in New York estimates that about 600 horses died at racetracks in 2006. Some of the most famous racers are Irineo Leguisamo, Vilmar Sanguinetti, Marina Lezcano, Jorge Valdivieso, Pablo Falero and Jorge Ricardo. Other tracks offer Quarter Horse racing and Standardbred horse racing, or combinations of these three types of racing surfaces. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ “JAMA Network | JAMA | Jockey Injuries in the United States”. In recent years the Breeders’ Cup races, run at the end of the year, have challenged the Triple Crown events as determiners of the three-year-old Champion. Track surfaces vary with turf most common worldwide, dirt more common in North America, and newly designed synthetic surfaces, such as Polytrack of Tapeta seen at some tracks worldwide.

6 Betting

6.1 Types of bets

6.2 Betting exchanges

In addition to traditional betting with a bookmaker, punters are able to both back and lay money on an online betting exchange. The racecourse in Inner Mongolia has not been active after 2012. Often, countries have developed their own particular horse racing traditions. Horse racing of all types evolved from impromptu competitions between riders or drivers. The track surface is similar to that of Thoroughbred racing and usually consists of dirt.

1 History

2 Types of horse racing

2.1 Flat racing

2.2 Jump racing

2.3 Endurance racing

Horse racing in Belgium takes place at three venues – Hippodrome Wellington in Ostend (opened in 1883 in honour of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington), Hippodroom Waregem in Waregem in Flanders and Hippodrome de Wallonie in Mons, Wallonia.

Working stock sports

In Europe, Australia, and Asia, betting to place is different since the number of “payout places” varies depending on the size of the field that takes part in the race. AQHA also issues a “Racing Register of Merit” which allows a horse to race on Quarter Horse tracks, but not be considered a Quarter Horse for breeding purposes (unless other requirements are met).[16]

Mysore Turf Club

British nobility Horse racing at Apsley House, London c.1850′s

New Zealand

Main articles: Thoroughbred racing in New Zealand and Harness racing in New Zealand


Typically, horses progress to bigger obstacles and longer distances as they get older, so that a European jumps horse will tend to start in National Hunt flat races as a juvenile, move on to hurdling after a year or so, and then, if thought capable, move on to steeplechasing.

Camargue equitation

Doma menorquina

Doma vaquera

Icelandic equitation

Working equitation



Cowboy polo

Equestrian drill team

Jereed (cirit)




Team chasing

In Australia, the most famous racehorse was Phar Lap (bred in New Zealand), who raced from 1928 to 1932. Draper. Racing takes place mostly at weekends and there is usually one meeting on a Saturday and one on Sunday.[30] Horse races, as well as thoroughbred horse breeding, is organized by Jockey Club Czech Republic, founded in 1919.[31]

The big race in the UAE is the Dubai World Cup, a race with a purse of ten million dollars, making it the largest purse in the world.

The Meydan Racecourse in Dubai, reported to be the world’s largest race track, opened on March 27, 2010 for the Dubai World Cup race. There were 314 tracks operating in the United States by 1890; and in 1894, the American Jockey Club was formed.[26]

A high level of professionalism has been attained in the organisation of races over the last decades preserving the unique electrifying ambiance prevailing on race days at the Champ de Mars.

The Pleasanton Fairgrounds Racetrack at the Alameda County Fairgrounds is the oldest horse racing track in America,[25] dating back to 1858, when it was founded by the sons of the Spaniard Don Agustin Bernal.

Competitive trail riding


Field hunter

Fox hunting

Hunter pacing

Mounted orienteering

Pleasure riding

Trail riding


Japan’s top stakes races are run in the spring, autumn, and winter. In the 6 runnings of the Epsom Derby between 2008 and 2013, Irish horses filled 20 of the first 30 placings, winning the race 5 times.

Horse racing



Horse racing by continent

North America

United States

See also: Horse racing in the United States

Horse racing in India is over 200 years old, making India quite possibly the oldest racing jurisdiction in Asia where racing was conducted under rules. Australia Racing Board. 105

^ Edwards 1994, pp. 332-337.

^ “Flat racing breeds”. It is the largest and most prestigious event on the continent, with betting running into the hundreds of millions of Rands. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ Specogna, Marino (2005). An each-way (or E/W) bet sees the total bet being split in two, with half being placed on the win, and half on the place. National Thoroughbred Racing Association Web Site. ISBN 978-0-615-90347-7.


^ “Velka Pardubicka Steeplechase”. 2007-2008. The two broad types of exotic wagers are horizontal and vertical. Variations include restricting races to particular breeds, running over obstacles, running over different distances, running on different track surfaces and running in different gaits.

One of the latest major horse track opened in the United States was the Meadowlands Racetrack opened in 1977 for Thoroughbred racing. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ “China ends 60-year horse racing ban”. Short races are generally referred to as “sprints”, while longer races are known as “routes” in the US or “staying races” in Europe. 2006-07-13. In the 18th and 19th centuries, horse racing and equestrian sports in China was dominated by Mongol influences.

Czech Republic

5.3 Oceania

5.3.1 Australia

5.3.2 New Zealand

Thoroughbred horse racing came to China with British settlements in the middle 1800s and most notably centered around the treaty ports, including the two major race courses in Shanghai, the Shanghai Racecourse and the International Recreation Grounds (in Kiang-wan), and the racecourses of Tianjin. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ “Mauritius Island Online”. 111

^ “Global betting stable, but some countries suffer recession”. In harness racing, Cane Smoke had 120 wins, including 34 in a single season, Paleface Adios became a household name during the 1970s, while Cardigan Bay, a pacing horse from New Zealand, enjoyed great success at the highest levels of American harness racing in the 1960s. Racecourses are situated in 59 locations throughout New Zealand.

Jump racing

Main articles: National Hunt racing, Steeplechasing, and Hurdling (horse race)

The traditional high point of US horse racing is the Kentucky Derby, held on the first Saturday of May at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky. The U.S. The history of Philippine horseracing has three divisions according to the breeds of horses used. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ The Mauritius Turf Club

^ Billetterie – Otayo Maurice Archived September 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.

^ Asian Racing Federation

^ Champ de Mars Racecourse


^ “Horse racing in South Africa”.

^ “Durban July Handicap”. More than 40,000 people were involved in some capacity in the New Zealand racing industry in 2004. Stanley Dancer drove the New Zealand bred horse, Cardigan Bay to win $1 million in stakes in 1968, the first harness horse to surpass that milestone in American history.[44]

Horse racing in Sweden, c. There is speculation that drugs used in horse racing in the US which are banned elsewhere are responsible for the higher death rate in the US.[70]

Horse racing was introduced to Singapore by the British during the colonial era and remained one of the legal forms of gambling after independence. The sport’s governing body is France Galop.

Ban’ei racing

Carriage driving

Chuckwagon racing

Draft horse showing

Fine harness

Horse pulling

Pleasure driving


Scurry driving

In the United States, Thoroughbred flat races are run on surfaces of either dirt, synthetic or turf. The designation of “Appendix” refers to the addendum section, or Appendix, of the Official Quarter Horse registry. It was in Great Britain in the 17th to 19th centuries that many of the sport’s rules and regulations were established. Other more recently opened tracks include Remington Park, Oklahoma City, opened in 1988, and Lone Star Park in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex, opened in 1997; the latter track hosted the prestigious Breeders’ Cup series of races in 2004.

FEI disciplines, Olympic

Suffolk Downs starting gate, East Boston, Massachusetts

Individual flat races are run over distances ranging from 440 yards (400 m) up to two and a half miles, with distances between five and twelve furlongs being most common. Australian steeplechaser Crisp is remembered for his battle with Irish champion Red Rum in the 1973 Grand National. The major racetrack in Poland is Warsaw’s S?u?ewiec Racecourse. 5.5 Asia

5.5.1 China

5.5.2 Hong Kong

5.5.3 India

5.5.4 Japan

5.5.5 Malaysia

5.5.6 Mongolia

5.5.7 Pakistan

5.5.8 Philippines

5.5.9 Singapore

5.5.10 South Korea

5.5.11 United Arab Emirates

In most horse races, entry is restricted to certain breeds; that is, the horse must have a sire (father) and a dam (mother) who are purebred individuals of whatever breed is racing. p. 72. The Horse Racing Channel. A takeout, or “take”, is removed from each betting pool and distributed according to state law, among the state, race track and horsemen. There are also a Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Pacers and a Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Trotters, as well as an Arabian Triple Crown consisting of Drinkers of the Wind Derby in California, the Texas Six Shooter Stakes, and the Bob Magness Derby in Delaware.

Horse race betting at Hippodrome Paris-Vincennes: waiting the results of a race

In addition to straight wagers, exotic wagers offer bettors an opportunity to incorporate the placement of different horses in one or multiple races. The American Stud Book was started in 1868, prompting the beginning of organized horse racing in the United States. 8 April 2009

^ a b c d Gibbs, P.G., G.D. Artificial insemination and Embryo transfer technology (only allowed in some breeds) has brought changes to the traditions and ease of breeding.



There are 15 racecourses in the Czech Republic, most notably Pardubice Racecourse, where the country’s most famous race, the Velka Pardubicka steeplechase has been run since 1874.[29] Since 1907 races have also held on a central racecourse in Prague – Velka Chuchle. Japan’s top jump race is the Nakayama Grand Jump, run every April at Nakayama Racecourse.

Most of the horses are imported from South Africa but some are also acquired from Australia, the United Kingdom and France.[45][46][47][48][49][50][51][52]

In 2009, animal rights group PETA released undercover video of alleged abuses of former race horses at a slaughterhouse in Kumamoto, Japan. The first regular horse racing was organized in 1841 on Mokotów Fields in Warsaw by Towarzystwo Wy?cigów Konnych i Wystawy Zwierz?t Gospodarskich w Królestwie Polskim (in English, the Society of Horse Racing in Congress Poland). Today India has a very well established racing and breeding industry, and the sport is conducted on nine racetracks by seven racing authorities.

American betting on horse racing is sanctioned and regulated by the state where the race is located.[27] Simulcast betting exists across state lines with minimal oversight except the companies involved through legalized parimutuel gambling. Phar Lap carried 9 st 12 lb (62.5 kg) to win the 1930 Melbourne Cup. In a bet to place, you are betting on your horse to finish either first, second, and/or third, depending on how many horses are in the race; for example, in a race with 5 horses a place bet would only be for first and second place, but in a race with 10 horses you bet on your horse to finish first, second, or third. Guinness World Records. These horses were a blend of Colonial Spanish horses crossed English horses that were brought over in the 1700s. The Czech horse racing season usually starts at the beginning of April and ends some time in November. Retrieved 2016-04-11.

^ “Alameda County Fair Horse Racing” Householder, and W. For example, in a normal harness race, the horse’s sire and dam must both be pure Standardbreds. Retrieved 2013-02-22.

^ Mottershead, Lee (16 April 2014). More recently, the country produced Overdose, a horse who won his first 12 races, including Group races in Germany and Italy, and finished fourth in the King’s Stand Stakes at Royal Ascot.

Betting exchanges

In Argentina the sport is known as turf. A daily double is an exotic wager placed on the winner of two consecutive races. DK. There is less jockeying for position, as turns are rare, and many races end with several contestants grouped together at the wire. Horse racing was a popular pastime for the aristocracy at least by the Zhou Dynasty – 4th century B.C. Within and only within the turf clubs, betting on horse racing is a legal form of gambling. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ Racetrack Sires 2009, June/August, 2009, Record season for the New Zealand breed, p.52

^ de Bourg, Ross, The Australian and New Zealand Thoroughbred, Nelson, West Melbourne, 1980, ISBN 0-17-005860-3

^ Digby, John; “Thoroughbred Families and Sires of Australian and New Zealand”, AJC & VRC, 2002

^ Sandy Treadwell (1981-05-18). Horizontal exotic wagers are bets on multiple horses in one particular race, while vertical exotic wagers involve predicting results across multiple races. Its mile-and-a-half main track is the largest dirt Thoroughbred race course in the world, and it has the sport’s largest grandstand.

Hungary has a long-standing horse racing tradition. In 2014, the Wuhan Jockey Club organized more than 80 races. Some are as small as 15 hands while others are over 17 hands. University of Arizona Library, Tucson, AZ. This allows the gambler to ‘lock in’ odds on a horse at a particular time (known as ‘taking the price’ in the UK). They are a balance between the fast twitch fibers and the slow-twitch fibers. Harness racing is dominated by Standardbred horses in Australia, New Zealand and North America, but several other breeds, such as the Russian Trotter and Finnhorse, are seen in Europe.

5.4 Africa

5.4.1 Mauritius

5.4.2 South Africa

Main articles: Equestrianism


When Quarter Horse racing began, it was very expensive to lay a full mile of track so it was agreed that a straight track of four hundred meters, or one quarter of a mile would be laid instead.[21] It became the standard racing distance for Quarter Horses and inspired their name. Both chariot and mounted horse racing were events in the ancient Greek Olympics by 648 BC[5] and were important in the other Panhellenic Games. For example, in a race with seven or less runners in the UK, only the first two finishers would be considered winning bets with most bookmakers. “Improving Security in the United States Pari-Mutuel Wagering System: Status Report and Recommendations” (PDF). A horse’s fitness plan must be coordinated properly in order to prevent injury or unnecessary lameness. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ “BBC News”. A magnificent pageant precedes the race, which attracts visitors and spectators from around the world.[33]

Horseracing in the Philippines began in 1867. Criticism of horse racing and its practices runs a wide gamut; however, while some may consider even fairly drastic discipline of horses non-abusive, others may consider abuse to be anything done against the will of the animal in question. As a result of these factors, the event was abolished for the 12th National Games in 2013.


Edwards, Elwyn Hartley (1994). The Champ de Mars is situated on a prestigious avenue in Port Louis, the capital city and is the oldest racecourse in the southern hemisphere. Horse racing and rodeo are most commonly targeted, due both to their high visibility and to the level of stress and potential physical dangers to the equines involved. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

Jump (or jumps) racing in Great Britain and Ireland is known as National Hunt racing (although, confusingly, National Hunt racing also includes flat races taking place at jumps meetings; these are known as National Hunt flat races). A quinella boxes an exacta, allowing the first two finishers to come in any order and still win.


Main article: Horseracing in the Philippines

The Epsom Derby betting post, c. In the UK some bookmakers will pay for the first five (some independent firms have even paid the first six) for a place on the Grand National. Type II-b fibers are fast twitch fibers. There is another category of races called handicap races where each horse is assigned a different weight to carry based on its ability.[11] Beside the weight they carry, a horse’s performance can also be influenced by its position relative to the inside barrier (post position), its gender, its jockey, and its trainer.

Belmont Park is part of the western edge of the Hempstead Plains. 1835

Arabian Horse Racing is governed by IFAHR (The International Federation of Arabian Horse Racing Authorities).

The conditioning program for the different horses varies depending on the race length. The late Italian horse breeder Federico Tesio is one of the towering figures of the Thoroughbred breeding industry. It was not until 1725 that the Arabian was introduced into the United States.[18] Arabians appeared in the United States in colonial times, though were not bred as purebreds until about the time of the Civil War. The South Westbury section is (appropriately) known as Salisbury.

The corresponding Standardbred event is the Breeders’ Crown. They are the Philippine-pony era (1867-1898), the Arabian-horse era (1898-1930), and the Thoroughbred-era (1935-present).[61]

Race at Churchill Downs

Quarter Horse

Main article: American Quarter Horse

Steeplechase racing at Deauville



See also: List of horse races in Italy

Classical dressage

English pleasure

Halter (horse show)

Horse showmanship

Hunt seat

Saddle seat

Show hack

Show hunter

Show hunter (British)


Stunt riding

Trail (horse show)

Western dressage

Western pleasure

Western riding (horse show)

The Epsom Derby; painting by James Pollard, c. The word “Steeplechasing” can also refer collectively to any type of jump race in certain racing jurisdictions, particularly in the United States.



Show jumping


7 Criticism

8 Dangers

9 See also

10 References

11 Bibliography

Types of horse racing

Horse racing at Jacksonville, Alabama, 1841

Authority control

In order to be successful in racing, Quarter Horses need to be able to propel themselves forward at extremely fast sprinter speed. Mongolia does not have Thoroughbred horse racing. and Australia).

In North American racing, the three most common ways to bet money are to win, to place, and to show. In recent years, however, the sport in the country has suffered a major funding crisis, culminating in its expulsion from the European Pattern.[32]

Horse racing in the United States and on the North American continent dates back to 1665, which saw the establishment of the Newmarket course in Salisbury, New York, a section of what is now known as the Hempstead Plains of Long Island, New York.[24] This first racing meet in North America was supervised by New York’s colonial governor, Richard Nicolls. It is the home of the Meadowlands Cup. In 2003-2005 the mare Makybe Diva (bred in Great Britain) became the only racehorse to ever win the Melbourne Cup three times, let alone in consecutive years. The Encyclopedia of the Horse. Moyer. Racehorses?”. The Jockey Club in Hong Kong reported a far lower figure of .58 horses per 1000 starts. The Quarter Horse has much larger hind limb muscles than the Arabian, which make it much less suitable for endurance racing.[20] They also have more Type II-b fibers, which allow the Quarter Horse to accelerate rapidly.

Endurance racing

Main article: Endurance riding

While horses are sometimes raced purely for sport, a major part of horse racing’s interest and economic importance lies in the gambling associated with it,[2] an activity that in 2008 generated a world-wide market worth around US$115 billion.[3]

Horse racing is a significant part of the New Zealand economy which in 2004 generated 1.3% of the GDP. If these were to occur, they may negatively affect a horse’s willingness to learn.[23] Sprinting exercises are appropriate for training two-year-old racehorses, but they are mentally incapable of handling too many of them.[23] A horse’s skeletal system adapts to the exercise they are receiving. The breed of horse was developed so they could get off to a quick start, and win the race.

Happy Valley Racecourse in Hong Kong at night

Driving sports

Betting on the Favorite, an 1870 engraving

GND: 4126016-8

NDL: 00565297

Horse races are held in Pakistan at four different clubs. Woodbine Racetrack (1956) in Toronto, home of the Queen’s Plate (1860), Canada’s premier Thoroughbred stakes race, and the North America Cup (1984), Canada’s premier Standardbred stakes race, is the only race track in North America which stages Thoroughbred and Standardbred (harness) meetings on the same day. 8 April 2009

^ “Longest multi-horse race”. iUniverse. The NAR, meanwhile, is responsible for ‘Chihou Keiba’ (meaning ‘local horse racing’). The Carlos Gardel’s tango Por una cabeza is about horse racing, sport of which he was a known fan. For instance, if a $2 across-the-board bet (total outlay of $6) were staked on a horse which finished second, paying $4.20 to place and $3.00 to show, the bettor would receive $7.20 on what is essentially a $6 wager.


See also: List of French flat horse races, Category:Horse racing in France, and French flat racing Champion Jockey

In recent years, Irish bred and trained horses have enjoyed considerable success in major races worldwide. Racing in Malaysia and Singapore is conducted and governed under the Rules of the Malayan Racing Association and betting in Malaysia is operated and organized by Pan Malaysian Pools Sdn Bhd.

Undeniably, racing is one of the most popular sports in Mauritius now attracting regular crowds of 20,000 people or more to the only racecourse of the island.

Chariot racing was one of the most popular ancient Greek, Roman and Byzantine sports. This additional concession is offered because of the large number of runners in the race (maximum 40). Genetics, training, age, and skeletal soundness are all factors that contribute to a horse’s performance.[23] The muscle structure and fiber type of horses depends on the breed, therefore genetics must be considered when constructing a conditioning plan. It remains a highly popular form of entertainment with the local Singaporean community to this day. retrieved 11 October 2014.

^ “History of Horse Racing.” It is home to the famous Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe held at Longchamp Racecourse, the richest race in Europe and the second richest turf race in the world after the Japan Cup, with a prize of 4 million Euro (approx US$5.2 million). Foremost of these is Kincsem, foaled in 1874, and the most successful Thoroughbred race horse ever, having won 54 races for 54 starts. Equine Law. The first recorded race club meeting took place five years later in 1802.[53] The national horse racing body is known as the National Horseracing Authority and was founded in 1882. They allow muscles to work for longer periods of time resulting in greater endurance. The quinella mentioned above is the basic box, but boxing can be applied to the trifecta and superfecta as well. Archaeological records indicate that horse racing occurred in Ancient Greece, Babylon, Syria, and Egypt.[4] It also plays an important part of myth and legend, such as the contest between the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology.

Horse racing in Poland can be dated to 1777 when a horse owned by Polish noble Kazimierz Rzewuski beat the horse of the English chargé d’affaires, Sir Charles Whitworth on the road from Wola to Ujazdów Castle. Ireland has a thriving Thoroughbred breeding industry, stimulated by favourable tax treatment. Racing of other breeds, such as Arabian horse racing, is found on a limited basis. The races were indeed “a quarter” of a mile, or 400 meters. The premier event, which attracts 50,000 people to Durban, is the Durban July Handicap, which has been run since 1897 at Greyville Racecourse. Note that the BHA’s authority does not extend to Northern Ireland — racing in Ireland is governed on an All-Ireland basis.


Horse racing in one form or another has been a part of Chinese culture for millennia. Other major races include the Grand Prix de Paris, the Prix du Jockey Club (the French Derby) and the Prix de Diane. Become a Winner Claiming Thoroughbred Race Horses. 1555

There is no parimutuel betting in the UAE as gambling is illegal.[63]

Horses also face dangers in racing. Races are typically held on Friday evenings and Sundays at the Singapore Turf Club in Kranji. 2013-04-02. Publication. January 28, 2010. The JRA is responsible for ‘Chuo Keiba’ (meaning ‘central horse racing’), taking place on the ten main Japanese tracks. In 2004, more than one million people attended race meetings in New Zealand.[40] There are 69 Thoroughbred and 51 harness clubs licensed in New Zealand. Equestrian sports provided entertainment for crowds and honed the excellent horsemanship that was needed in battle. There are three race courses in Malaysia, namely Penang Turf Club, Perak Turf Club and Selangor Turf Club. Since it is much easier to select a horse to finish first, second, or third than it is to select a horse just for first, the show payoffs will be much lower on average than win payoffs.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

“Horse race” and “Race horse” redirect here. Type II-a fibers are in the middle. “On Horse Racing; Recent Spills Underline Dangers of the Sport”. (A show bet does not exist in the North American sense.)


Riderless Racers at Rome by Théodore Géricault

The length of an endurance race varies greatly. It is one of the most ancient of all sports and its basic premise – to identify which of two or more horses is the fastest over a set course or distance – has remained unchanged since the earliest times.[1]

Hong Kong

Horse racing in South Korea dates back to May 1898, when a foreign language institute run by the government included a donkey race in its athletic rally. Both have specific options for which bets are available and are detailed below.

United Arab Emirates

Eclipse, an undefeated British racehorse and outstanding sire.



Main article: Horse Racing Ireland

Arabian horse

Main article: Arabian horse

Games with horses

Advanced Deposit Wagering is a form of gambling on the outcome of horse races in which the bettor must fund his or her account before being allowed to place bets. The study reported 6,545 injuries during the years 1993-1996.[67][68] More than 100 jockeys were killed in the US between 1950 and 1987.[69]

There are many different types of horse racing, including:


Main article: Horse racing in India

Horse breeds and muscle structure



Different breeds of horses have developed that excel in each of the specific disciplines. This was despite the fact that chariot racing was often dangerous to both driver and horse as they frequently suffered serious injury and even death. These bundles have different types of fibers within them and horses have adapted over the years to produce different amounts of these fibers. ASIN 1564586146.

Field sports

Nakayama Racecourse in Funabashi, Japan

Vertical bets are spread over different races. Founded in 1972, the American Endurance Ride Conference was the United States’ first national endurance riding association.[13] The longest endurance race in the world is the Mongol Derby, which is 1,000 km (620 mi) long.[15]

At many horse races, there is a gambling station, where gamblers can stake money on a horse. It is the oldest Thoroughbred race in North America. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ “Mongolian horse racing”. Thoroughbreds can travel medium distances at fast paces, requiring a balance between speed and endurance.


Main article: Horseracing in Japan

In later times, Thoroughbred racing was, and is, popular with the aristocrats and royalty of British society, earning it the title “Sport of Kings”.[7]

Historically, equestrians honed their skills through games and races. Reuters.

^ Caixin – Nanjing Horse Track Used as a Carpark

^ Racing Fans in China Betting on a Longshot, New York Times 2 October 2013

^ China’s rich bet on year of the horse race, Financial Times 19 November 2013

^ “Two Darley Horses to Stand at Stud in China”. Retrieved 2009-06-17.

^ Barrie, Douglas M., Turf Cavalcade, Halstead Press, Sydney, 1960

^ “Wallabadah”. Retrieved 27 April 2014.

^ “World’s Biggest Horse Track”. “Italy axed from European Pattern”. ISBN 978-1564586148. During the 2008-09 racing season 19 New Zealand bred horses won 22 Group One races around the world.[41]. A wheel is when a horse is selected in a specific position with multiple horses finishing ahead or behind the one being wheeled.


Main article: Thoroughbred

Flat racing is the most common form of racing, seen worldwide. Occasionally other handicap races with large fields (numbers of runners) receive the same treatment from various bookmakers, especially if they are sponsoring the race. 14 March 2009.

^ “Endurance Riding” The area is now occupied by the present Nassau County, New York, region of Greater Westbury and East Garden City. Keeneland, in Lexington, KY, hosted the 2015 breeders cup.

A stallion who has won many races may be put up to stud when he is retired. At the 2009 National Games, Hubei won both the gold and silver medals, with Inner Mongolia winning bronze. Jump racing can be subdivided into steeplechasing and hurdling, according to the type and size of obstacles being jumped. Retrieved 12 September 2011.

^ Olsen, “In the Winner’s Circle”, Horses Through Time, p. There are a few races that are even longer than one hundred miles and last multiple days.[12] These different lengths of races are divided into five categories: pleasure rides (10-20 miles), non-competitive trail rides (21-27 miles), competitive trail rides (20-45 miles), progressive trail rides (25-60 miles), and endurance rides (40-100 miles in one day, up to 250 miles (400 km) in multiple days).[13] Because each race is very long, trails of natural terrain are generally used.

South Africa

Thoroughbred horse racing in the United States has its own Hall of Fame in Saratoga Springs, New York. Until the formation of the Arabian Horse Registry of America in 1908, Arabians were recorded with the Jockey Club in a separate subsection from Thoroughbreds.

4 Training

5 Horse racing by continent

5.1 North America

5.1.1 United States

5.1.2 Canada

^ “Horse racing”. The native horse and the English horse were bred together, resulting in a compact muscular horse. However, the first official race was organized back in 1816 by Emperor Francis II near Kladruby nad Labem. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ “Ancient Greek Olympic Horse Racing”. Retrieved 2013-02-22.

^ “Directory of the turf”. The nation’s first authorised club, the Chosun Racing Club, was established in 1922 and a year later, the pari-mutuel betting system was officially adopted for the first time.[62]

The ancestors of the Quarter Horse were prevalent in America in the early 17th century. Their muscles are able to work for extended periods of time. The most famous of these is probably Cardigan Bay. Almost all Chinese trainers and jockeys stable in Wuhan. 1.5 horses die out of every 1000 starts in the US. Parimutuel gambling on races also provides not only purse money to participants but considerable tax revenue, with over $100 billion wagered annually in 53 countries.[64]

Horse races vary widely in format. Speed horse racing (????) was an event in the National Games of China, mainly introduced to cater for minority peoples, such as the Mongols. The industry was severely limited during the Communist era, when gambling, the major source of funding, was made illegal.

Flat racing, where horses gallop directly between two points around a straight or oval track.

Jump racing, or Jumps racing, also known as Steeplechasing or, in the UK and Ireland, National Hunt racing, where horses race over obstacles.

Harness racing, where horses trot or pace while pulling a driver in a sulky.[9]

Endurance racing, where horses travel across country over extreme distances, generally ranging from 25 to 100 miles (40 to 161 km)

Retrieved from “″

Competitive endurance riding commenced in Australia in 1966, when the Tom Quilty Gold Cup was first held in the Hawkesbury district, near Sydney, New South Wales. Asian Racing Federation. Other key races include Woodbine Oaks (1956), Prince of Wales Stakes (1929), Breeders’ Stakes (1889) and Canadian Derby (1930).

FEI disciplines, non-Olympic


Main articles: Gambling, Parimutuel gambling, and Mathematics of bookmaking

Horse racing has a long and distinguished history and has been practised in civilisations across the world since ancient times. India’s first racecourse was set up in Madras in 1777. Type II muscles are needed for anaerobic exercise because they can function without the presence of oxygen. Off-track betting is available from overseas bookmakers.

Great Britain

Main article: Horseracing in Great Britain

See also: Horseracing in Scotland and Horseracing in Wales

Contemporary organized Endurance racing began in California around 1955, and the first race marked the beginning of the Tevis Cup[14] This race was a one-hundred-mile, one-day-long ride starting in Squaw Valley, Placer County, and ending in Auburn. All forms of competition, requiring demanding and specialized skills from both horse and rider, resulted in the systematic development of specialized breeds and equipment for each sport. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ Inter Dominion Hall of Fame: Blacks A Fake Retrieved 2010-5-21

^ Endurance Riding Retrieved 2010-12-7

^ Shahzada Retrieved 2010-12-7

^ “Briefing for Incoming Minister Racing October 2005 p.8″ (PDF). In the Roman Empire, chariot and mounted horse racing were major industries.[6] and from the mid-15th century until 1882, spring carnival in Rome closed with a horse race. Retrieved 30 July 2014.

^ PETA. The sport is regulated by the British Horseracing Authority. Also, the muscles of the Arabian are not nearly as massive as those of the Quarter Horse, which allow it to travel longer distances at quicker speeds. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ “Safety and Health in the Horse Racing Industry”. Texas A&M University Department of Animal Science Equine Sciences Program. The only exception to this is in Quarter Horse racing where an Appendix Quarter Horse may be considered eligible to race against (standard) Quarter Horses. Nielsen, D.D. Encyclopedia Britannica. A variety of factors affect takeout, namely location and the type of wager that is placed.[28] One form of parimutuel gaming is Instant Racing, in which players bet on video replays of races.

Tambo Valley Picnic Races, Victoria, Australia 2006

Racing is a long-established sport in New Zealand, stretching back to colonial times.

“First regular horse racing on Pola Mokotowskie in Warsaw” January Suchodolski 1849.

The British tradition of horse racing left its mark with the creation of one of the most important entertainment and gambling institutions in Hong Kong. Horse racing has also left its mark in the naming of roads in Singapore such as Race Course Road in Little India, where horse racing was first held in Singapore, and Turf Club Road in Bukit Timah where Singapore Turf Club used to be situated before moving to its current location in 1999.


The Arabian horse was developed by the Bedouin people of the Middle East specifically for stamina over long distances, so they could outrun their enemies. Where gambling is allowed, most tracks offer parimutuel betting where gamblers’ money is pooled and shared proportionally among the winners once a deduction is made from the pool. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ “Landmark Dates”. 2009-10-07. Potter, B.D. At this time, they were mainly used for chores such as plowing and cattle work. The American Quarter Horse was not recognized as an official breed until the formation of the American Quarter Horse Association in 1940.[19]

3 Breeds

3.1 Thoroughbred

3.2 Arabian horse

3.3 Quarter Horse

3.4 Horse breeds and muscle structure

5.6 South America

5.6.1 Argentina

Horse racing was banned in the Republic of China from 1945, and the People’s Republic of China maintained the ban after 1949, although allowances were made for ethnic minority peoples for whom horse sports are a cultural tradition. However, more equestrian facilities are being built elsewhere in China.[57][58] It was also announced in 2011 that international breeding operation, Darley would send two stallions to China to support the emerging industry.[59]


The first record of quarter mile length races dated back to 1674 in Henrico County, Virginia. The group states that 20,000 horses, including former Thoroughbred race horses, were killed in 2008 in Japan for use as human and pet food.[66]

Horse racing in Australia was founded during the early years of settlement and the industry has grown to be among the top three leading Thoroughbred racing nations of the world.[34] The world famous Melbourne Cup, the race that stops a nation, has recently attracted many international entries. Type I fibers are slow-twitch fibers. A bet to show wins if the horse finishes first, second or third. The sport annually draws millions of dollars of tax revenue. These include the country’s most prominent race – the Grade 1 Japan Cup, a 2,400 m (about 1½ mile) invitational turf race run every November at Tokyo Racecourse for a purse of ¥476 million (about US$5.6 million), currently the richest turf race in the world. The rough equivalent in North America is an “across the board” bet, where equal bets on a horse are set to win, place and show. Retrieved September 16, 2013.


^ “Thoroughbred Breed Information” The Ultimate Horse Site. The Arabian is primarily used today in endurance racing, but is also raced over traditional race tracks in many countries.

Ireland has a rich history of horse racing; point to pointing originated there and even today, jump racing is more popular than racing on the flat. However, with the demise of the event at the National Games and the government not relenting from the ban on commercial racing, various racecourses built in recent years are all in a state of disuse: The Nanjing Racecourse, which previously hosted National Games equestrian events, is now used as a car park;[56] the Beijing Jockey Club was shut down in 2008. Racing in Japan is mainly flat racing, but Japan also has jump racing and a type of racing known as Ban’ei (also called Draft Racing).

In the most prestigious races, horses are generally allocated the same weight to carry for fairness, with allowances given to younger horses and female horses running against males. Estonian Academy Publishers.

^ “Racing Fact Book” (PDF). 29 April 2009

^ “horse racing | sport”. Type I muscles are absolutely necessary for aerobic exercise because they rely on the presence of oxygen in order to work. “Danger Out of the Gate What’s Behind the High Rate of Deaths Among U.S. New York Times. The Quarter Horse received its name due to the length of the race. Retrieved 2009-06-08.

^ Joe DrapePublished: February 02, 2002 (2002-02-02). An Appendix Quarter Horse is a horse who has either one Quarter Horse parent and one parent of any other eligible breed (such as Thoroughbred, the most common Appendix cross), or both parents are registered Appendix Quarter Horses, or one parent is a Quarter Horse and one parent is an Appendixed Quarter Horse. Some people may consider poor living conditions abusive, while others might consider riding abusive.

Club horse racing reappeared on a small scale in the 1990s. These fibers allow muscles to contract quickly resulting in a great deal of power and speed. ADW is often conducted online or by phone. Picking the winner of three, four, five or six straight races is referred to as a Pick 3, Pick 4, Pick 5 and Pick 6 respectively.[65]

Horse racing is a popular sport in South Africa that can be traced back to 1797. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ “Mauritius Villas and Hotels”. ISBN 9780595341986. The most prestigious flat races in the world, such as the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe, Japan Cup, Epsom Derby, Kentucky Derby and Dubai World Cup are run over distances in the middle of this range and are seen as tests of both speed and stamina to some extent.

Maiden Cup 2006 – To The Line, winner of the race

Notable racehorses from New Zealand include Cardigan Bay, Carbine, Nightmarch, Sunline, Desert Gold and Rising Fast.[42][43]Phar Lap and Tulloch were both bred in New Zealand but did not race there. Each race consisted of only two horses and they raced down the village streets and lanes. Each portion is treated by the totalizator as a separate bet, so an across-the-board bet is merely a convenience for bettors and parimutuel clerks. Picking the first three finishers in exact order is called a trifecta and a superfecta refers to the specific finishing order of the top four horses. The only challenger to his title of greatest Canadian horse would be his son Nijinsky II, who is the last horse to win the English Triple Crown. They allow the muscles to generate both speed and endurance. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ prashanth. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ “Thoroughbred Flat Horse Racing – The Sport of Kings”. Several July winners have gone on to win major international races, such as Colorado King, London News, and Ipi Tombe.[54] However, the other notable major races are the Summer Cup, held at Turffontein Racecourse in Johannesburg, and The J & B Met, which is held at Kenilworth race track in Cape Town.

Japan has two governing bodies that control its horseracing – the Japan Racing Association (JRA), and National Association of Racing (NAR). “Slaughterhouses: Where Racehorses Go to Retire”. 1840

The Korean War disrupted the development of horse racing in the country, but after the Seoul Olympics in 1988, the Olympic Equestrian Park was converted into racing facilities named Seoul Race Park, which helped the sport to develop again.[62]

Organized groups dedicated to protecting animals, such as the Humane Society of the United States and People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, target some horse sports with claims of animal cruelty. The Pattison Canadian International has the largest purse of any Canadian horse race. The popularity of equestrian sports through the centuries has resulted in the preservation of skills that would otherwise have disappeared after horses stopped being used in combat.[8]

Jockey Tony McCoy falls from a horse.

On 25 June 1812, the Champ de Mars Racecourse was inaugurated by The Mauritius Turf Club which was founded earlier in the same year by Colonel Edward A. Bettors receive a payout if the horse either wins, and/or is placed based on the place criteria as stated above. The Quilty Cup is considered the National endurance ride and there are now over 100 endurance events contested across Australia, ranging in distances from 80 km to 400 km.[38] The world’s longest endurance ride is the Shahzada 400 km Memorial Test which is conducted over five days travelling 80 kilometres a day at St Albans on the Hawkesbury River, New South Wales. Trames. In country racing, records indicate that Goulburn commenced racing in 1834.[35] Australia’s first country racing club was established at Wallabadah in 1852 and the Wallabadah Cup is still held on New Year’s Day (the current racecourse was built in 1898).[36]


Horse racing in Great Britain is predominantly thoroughbred flat and jumps racing. However, it wasn’t until the in 1920s that modern horse racing involving betting developed. “Comparative Anatomy and Muscle Architecture of Selected Hind Limb Muscles in the Quarter Horse and Arab. Racing Post. Established as the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club in 1884, the non-profit organisation conducts nearly 700 races every season at the two race tracks in Happy Valley and Sha Tin. As a result, every year Irish horse racing fans travel in huge numbers to the highlight event of the National Hunt calendar, the Cheltenham Festival, and in recent years Irish owned or bred horses have dominated the event. More recently, Blacks A Fake has won four Inter Dominion Championships, making him the only horse to complete this feat in Australasia’s premier harness race.[37]

In Malaysia, horse racing was introduced during the British colonial era and remains to the present day as a gambling activity. ” Journal of Anatomy February 2008: 144-152. 8 April 2009

^ a b “Endurance Riding”. 4 March 2009

^ “Quarter Horse Racing” They are all held early in the year, throughout May and the beginning of June. Between them they conduct more than 21,000 horse races a year. p. 147. Archived from the original on 21 December 2013. This type of fiber allows them to propel themselves forward at great speeds and maintain it for an extended distance.[22]

South Korea

Main article: Horse racing in South Korea

Barrel racing

Carrera de cintas

Corrida de sortija


Equine agility

Gymkhana (equestrian)

Keyhole race

Kyz kuu

Mounted games


Pole bending



Flat racing

Main article: Flat racing

Anna Waller, a member of the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of North Carolina, co-authored a four-year-long study of jockey injuries and stated to the New York Times that “For every 1,000 jockeys you have riding [for one year], over 600 will have medically treated injuries.” She added that almost 20% of these were serious head or neck injuries. In some countries, such as the UK, Ireland, and Australia, an alternative and more popular facility is provided by bookmakers who effectively make a market in odds. Retrieved 2013-10-01.

^ Marx, Willem (2007-02-08). The race course was initially 5 km, but from 2005 (the 10th National Games) was extended to 12 km. Many of the sport’s greatest jockeys, most notably Sir Gordon Richards have been British. Various horses achieved victory in one or more of the British 2000 Guineas, the Epsom Derby and the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe, considered the three most prestigious races in Europe. “Earliest record of horse racing”. Retrieved 28 January 2010.

^ NTRA Wagering Technology Working Group in conjunction with Giuliani Partners LLC (August 2003). Gardel was a good friend of Irineo Leguisamo, who is the most recognized Argentine jockey.




Pedigrees of stallions are recorded in various books and websites, such as Weatherbys Stallion Book, the Australian Stud Book and Thoroughbred Heritage.

Combined driving




Tent pegging



Cowboy mounted shooting


Mounted archery

Pig sticking


Boxing is a tactic that increases the odds of winning an exotic wager by removing the need to choose the exact order. Breeds that are used for flat racing include the Thoroughbred, Quarter Horse, Arabian, Paint, and Appaloosa.[10] Jump racing breeds include the Thoroughbred and AQPS. 8 April 2009

^ “History of the Arabian Horse” 8 April 2009

^ “Quarter Horse History” 8 April 2009

^ Crook, T.C., et al. The Horse Racing Channel. Together, the Derby; the Preakness Stakes, held two weeks later at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland; and the Belmont Stakes, held three weeks after the Preakness at Belmont Park on Long Island, form the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing for three-year-olds. Three places are paid for eight or more runners, whilst a handicap race with 16 runners or more will see the first four places being classed as “placed”. Some are very short, only ten miles, while others can be up to one hundred miles. Retrieved 2008-02-17.

^ “Wagering Types”. Because the skeletal system does not reach full maturity until the horse is at least four years of age, young racehorses often suffer multiple injuries.[23]

Regional and breed-specific disciplines

They must be able to withstand traveling long distances at a moderate pace. Punters who lay the odds are in effect acting as a bookmaker. “Stanley Dancer and Cardigan Bay”

Horse Racing Videos – The Greatest Horse Races of All Time

Rebecca P. Padron

Rebecca P. Padron

Sports betting is not a sure thing and it can be very difficult to make the odds work out in your favor. However, by understanding sports betting and the basics, it is much easier. If you can master understanding statistics and odds, it is much more likely you will be a successful bettor.
Rebecca P. Padron

Latest posts by Rebecca P. Padron (see all)

Note how Alydar fails to switch leads in the stretch, a flaw which may have kept him from besting his rival.

1989 Preakness – Sunday Silence vs. Fighting a quarter crack, he may not have been at his physical best here, but his heart was never in doubt.

2001 Breeders Cup Classic – Tiznow vs. Did Pat Day move prematurly and comprimise Easy Goer’s chances? Judge for yourself.

1996 Dubai World Cup Classic – Cigar

The mighty Cigar was going for his fourteenth straight win in the first Dubai World Cup. Cigar may have been just a trifle past his sell-by date after a long campaign that year, but he still gave Skip Away all he could handle. Chic Anderson’s superb race call complements the greatest race ever.

1981 Arlington Million – John Henry

The great John Henry made the inaugural running of the Arlington Million a memorable one. But of course John Henry, one of the smartest horses as well as one of the best, did have a habit of doing that.

What are the greatest horse races of all time? I can’t claim to have seen them all, since my horse racing consciousness only starts with Secretariat’s amazing Belmont Stakes win in 1973, which I watched with awe at home with my family crowded around the TV set. AlyshebaThe two Derby winners hook up in a classic of Classics.

1997 Preakness Stakes – Silver Charm et al.

Silver Charm, Captain Bodgit, Free House, and Touch Gold, all amazing horses in their own right, battle it out in one of the best Triple Crown Races ever. Feel free to add your choices for the best races in the comments section below.

1996 Jockey Club Gold Cup – Skip Away vs.  Keep an eye on Touch Gold, who stumbled at the break, but may have run the best race of all.

1973 Belmont Stakes – Secretariat Wins Triple Crown

How could I start with anything else? I still get chills from watching this race, in which the great Secretariat not only sealed the Triple Crown, but shattered the record for 12 furlongs on the dirt. You have to pity The Bart, who looked a winner all the way round only to get out-bobbed at the wire. The embedded video below is just the finish of the race; the full race can be seen at this link.

1988 Breeders Cup Distaff – Personal Ensign vs. Sadly, he never lived up the the hype thereafter, but this amazing race was the real deal.

1978 Belmont Stakes – Affirmed vs. A desperate finish ensues.

1989 Breeders Cup Classic – Sunday Silence vs. Cigar

Two of the greats of the 90′s hook up in the Jockey Club at Belmont. East coast stalwart Easy Goer was out to avenge his Derby loss to California-based Sunday Silence. Sakhee

Taking place just a month after the tragedy of 9/11, this Classic matched defending champion Tiznow against the Arc de Triomphe winner, Dubai-owned Sakhee. Easy Goer

It’s hard to imagine a more dramatic race than this. This is a selection of my choices for the greatest races since 1973, pulled from the great treasure trove of horse racing videos on Youtube. Winning Colors

The undefeated Personal Ensign in her last career race runs up against the former Derby winning filly, a revivified Winning Colors. Easy Goer

Who was better, Easy Goer or Sunday Silence? This epic race may have finally answered the question, with former champion Blushing John tossed into the mix for good measure.

1987 Breeders Cup Classic – Ferdinand vs. Tom Dirkin’s “Tiznow wins it for America”, may seem a bit over the top in retrospect, but at the time it had a real resonance. Alydar

In the culmination of their great Triple Crown battle, the two greats battle neck and neck around the track, with the game and gutsy Affirmed prevailing by a head. Preakness winner Louis Quatorze and Belmont winner Editor’s Note completed the field.

1991 Breeders Cup Juvenile – Arazi

The European superhorse Arazi stunned the world with his electrifying move to the front, passing horses like they were standing still. From then on, I was hooked on the sport of kings. Even though I know who wins, I still found myself leaning in my chair as the two crossed the line together.